Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Atherinidae
(Silversides) > Atherininae
Etymology: Leptatherina: Greek, leptos = thin + Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770 (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic. Temperate
Oceania: endemic to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); common length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5259)
Occurs in clear, flowing freshwater streams and upper estuaries with reduced salinities. Often schools near the surface or around the shoreline vegetation and log debris. Often seen in shoals near the surface of slow-flowing pools (Ref. 44894). Feeds mainly on insects and small crustaceans. Spawns during spring and summer. Becomes sexually mature during the first year (Ref. 44894).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pavlov, A., W. Ivantsoff, P.R. Last and L.E.L.M. Crowley, 1988. Kestratherina brevirostris, a new genus and species of silverside, (Pisces: Atherinidae) with a review of atherinid marine and estuarine genera of southern Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 39(4):385-397. (Ref. 30812)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .