Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 400 m (Ref. 100719), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Pakistan and the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Suez and southward to Somalia. Also reported from Saya de Malha Bank.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287)
Reportedly absent in water colder than 20°C or where the oxygen saturation is below 30%. Adults feed on small crustaceans and fish fry (Ref. 30573).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1984. Carangidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3287)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00777 - 0.01776), b=2.95 (2.82 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 5.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.39; tm=1.8-2.2; tmax=13).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 224 [102, 420] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.6 [0.7, 3.0] mg/100g ; Protein = 20 [19, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.127 [0.075, 0.224] g/100g ; Selenium = 48.1 [23.4, 101.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 54.8 [11.0, 247.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.67 [1.67, 4.14] mg/100g (wet weight);