Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335). More on author: Norman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 75 - 125 m (Ref. 46206), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 33°S - 54°S, -13°W - 78°E
Southeast Atlantic and Indian Ocean: Tristan da Cunha (Ref. 31996, 32002), Vema Seamount (Ref. 31996, 32000), St. Paul and Amsterdam islands and banks of the West Indian Ridge (Ref. 32001).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4537)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11 - 22.9, mean 15.3 °C (based on 11 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00537 - 0.02237), b=2.97 (2.81 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 242 [106, 505] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.25 [0.59, 2.46] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [18.2, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.616 [0.327, 1.163] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.4 [8.6, 57.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.5 [2.6, 74.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.34 [0.84, 2.16] mg/100g (wet weight);