Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Naucratinae
Etymology: Seriolina: Latin word diminutive with the meaning of a large earthenware pot (Ref. 45335). More on author: Rüppell.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 150 m (Ref. 30573), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 38°N - 35°S, 20°E - 163°E
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Japan, Australia and Solomon Island. Southeast Atlantic: southeast coast of South Africa (Ref. 3197).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. published weight: 5.2 kg (Ref. 3287)
(total): 8 - 9;
soft rays: 15 - 18. Color bluish grey to black dorsally, white to dusky below; 5-7 dark oblique bands or blotches on young disappear with age. Posterior spines of dorsal fin minute or embedded in large adults; first anal spine usually embedded. Gill rakers are mostly rudiments. Grooves of caudal peduncle present dorsally and ventrally. Maxilla reaching below rear margin of the eyes.
Mainly in offshore reefs on the continental shelf (Ref. 30573, 48635), on rocky bottoms (Ref. 11230). Non-schooling. Juveniles under weed rafts and adults are sometimes seen with the large planktivores such as whale sharks (Ref. 48635). Adults feed on demersal fishes, cephalopods, and shrimp (Ref. 11441). Excellent food fish (Ref. 3197); marketed fresh and dried salted (Ref. 3287).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.9 - 28.3, mean 27 °C (based on 911 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02344 (0.01149 - 0.04783), b=2.93 (2.75 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.61 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 53.2 [24.4, 116.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.682 [0.351, 1.664] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.289 [0.134, 0.621] g/100g ; Selenium = 37.5 [15.1, 94.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 56.9 [13.1, 233.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.05 [0.60, 1.70] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.