Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Phycidae
Etymology: Urophycis: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, phyke, pykis, -idos = the female of a fish that lives among algae (Greek = phykon), related with the gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 81 m (Ref. 57178). Subtropical; 38°N - 26°N, 82°W - 73°W (Ref. 56855)
Western Central Atlantic: southeast coast of the USA, from Cape Hatteras to the northeast coast of Florida.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)
spines: 0. First dorsal fin without an elongated filament; pelvic fin rarely extending beyond origin of anal fin. Generally dark, with mottling on the sides.
Found near shore, apparently prefers hard bottoms. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 57178.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.1 - 25.5, mean 24.2 °C (based on 50 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5044 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00336 - 0.01300), b=3.15 (2.98 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 98.1 [47.6, 204.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.1 [0.6, 1.9] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.6, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.378 [0.205, 0.691] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.3 [16.8, 69.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 15 [5, 48] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.731 [0.515, 1.069] mg/100g (wet weight);