Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Bothidae
Etymology: Arnoglossus: Greek, aros, -oy = lamb + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 200 m (Ref. 122897), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 47°N - 30°N, 6°W - 42°E
Mediterranean and Black Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)
Found on the upper part of the continental shelf. Feed on small fishes and invertebrates. Breeding period between May and August (Ref. 4704).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G., 1986. Bothidae. p. 1294-1298. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4704)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8 - 19.6, mean 15.2 °C (based on 166 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00564 - 0.01857), b=3.11 (2.95 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.63 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 267 [113, 668] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.5 [0.8, 2.7] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.5, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.367 [0.177, 0.752] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.6 [9.8, 53.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 30.7 [8.4, 110.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.08 [0.69, 1.65] mg/100g (wet weight);