Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Stomiinae
Etymology: Stomias: Greek, stoma = mouth; hard briddle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Risso.
Publications needed to re-evaluate vaidity of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 2173 m (Ref. 104125), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 71°N - 50°S, 131°W - 180°E
Eastern Atlantic: western Mediterranean south to Mauritania, and from Angola to South Africa. Southwest Atlantic: Nunavut to Argentina. Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068). Also, sub-Antarctic region of the Indian Ocean sector south to Heard Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4464)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found in deep oceanic waters to more than 1,000 m depth, may migrate to near-surface waters at night (Ref. 4783). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on midwater fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 4783).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gibbs, R.H. Jr., 1984. Stomiidae. p. 338-340. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4783)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.7 - 13.2, mean 6.8 °C (based on 666 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00115 (0.00059 - 0.00225), b=3.16 (2.97 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.64 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 39.8 [20.6, 77.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.572 [0.319, 1.050] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.5, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.383 [0.208, 0.697] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.7 [6.6, 34.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 21 [6, 78] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.493 [0.336, 0.725] mg/100g (wet weight);