Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Phycidae
Etymology: Phycis: Taken from Greek, phykon = seaweed; because of the habits of this fish that lives hidden among them (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; non-migratory; depth range 13 - 614 m (Ref. 4517), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 1371). Subtropical; 45°N - 13°N, 32°W - 36°E
Northeast Atlantic : Bay of Biscay to Morocco, south to Cape Verde, and including off-lying islands. Also in the Mediterranean and the Azores.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12382); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371); max. published weight: 3.9 kg (Ref. 40637)
spines: 0. Elongated pelvic-fin rays reaching at most to the origin of the anal fin. Body color is brownish-red dorsally, becoming paler ventrally. Vertical fins distally dark, sometimes with a pale margin.
Found on hard and sandy-muddy bottoms near rocks at 100-650 m, but sometimes taken at greater depths (Ref. 1371). Nocturnal, hiding between rocks during the day (Ref. 1371). Feed on small fish and various invertebrates (Ref. 1371).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 13.3 - 16.2, mean 14.9 °C (based on 84 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6255 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00524 - 0.00796), b=3.14 (3.08 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.19).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 74.4 [36.8, 150.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.956 [0.465, 1.569] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.5, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.345 [0.188, 0.628] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.6 [15.8, 68.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18 [5, 59] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.746 [0.525, 1.117] mg/100g (wet weight);