Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Sardinella: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 5 - ? m (Ref. 12166). Subtropical; 38°N - 22°N, 117°E - 134°E (Ref. 54873)
Western Pacific: southern coasts of Japan south to about Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56557); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
spines: 0. Total scutes 29 to 32. Vertical striae on scales overlapping or continuous (discontinuous in S. fimbriata and S. albella), only a few small perforations on hind part of scale. No dark spot at dorsal fin origin. Most closely resembles S. richardsoni, which has more gill rakers and has a slightly deeper body; S. hualiensis has black tips to dorsal and caudal fins.
Found near shore, including semi-enclosed sea areas, on sandy mud bottom (Ref. 11230). Forms schools in coastal waters. Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13 - 24.7, mean 19.7 °C (based on 72 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00697 - 0.02173), b=3.07 (2.92 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 211 [105, 383] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.66 [1.51, 4.31] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.1 [20.3, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.58 [0.30, 1.10] g/100g ; Selenium = 48.8 [25.8, 92.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 20.6 [7.0, 59.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.17 [0.81, 1.82] mg/100g (wet weight);