Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Labridae
Etymology: Decodon: Greek, deka = ten + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 40 - 160 m (Ref. 9311). Tropical; 29°N - 3°S
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Ecuador.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 8.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body moderately slender and compressed; head large and pointed; teeth caniniform, enlarged, and somewhat crooked, two anterior pairs in each jaw; dorsal fin continuous, with 11 spines; lateral line slightly arched, with 28 scales; body reddish pink; belly paler; a black spot on the flank above posterior edge of pectoral fin; anal fin white (Ref. 55763).
Lives over sandy bottoms with gravel and isolated reefs. Often caught in the open sea as a by-catch of trawlers fishing for prawns and shrimps. Each individual functions first as a female but later changes to a male (Ref. 47122).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomon, M.F., 1995. Labridae. Viejas, doncellasas, señoritas. p. 1201-1225. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9311)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15 - 22.3, mean 17.2 (based on 31 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00469 - 0.02134), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .