Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Centrolophidae
Etymology: Seriolella: Latin word diminutive with the meaning of a large earthenware pot (Ref. 45335). More on author: Forster.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 27 - 650 m (Ref. 58489), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 32°S - 55°S, 115°E - 71°W
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia (from South Australia to New South Wales and Tasmania). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand. Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 40.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 66.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563); common length : 51.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9049); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 9072)
Adults are usually demersal on the continental shelf and slope, occasionally occurring at the surface; subadults in surface waters, sometimes entering bays, while juveniles occur offshore (Ref. 9563). Reported from depths of 27 m (Ref. 58489) to 600 m (Ref. 9563). They form feeding and spawning aggregations. Spotted warehou are schooling species, usually aggregating close to the sea bed (Ref. 26498) although there is some evidence that they move into the middle water column at night (Ref. 30459). During spring-summer in New Zealand, adult and juvenile fish migrate to feed along the continental slope off the east and southeast coast of the South Island (Ref. 9072). Adults mainly eat planktonic tunicates (Ref. 6390).
In New Zealand, spotted warehou are thought to undertake a southerly migration following spawning on the Chatham Rise in spring (Ref. 26998).
Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts and P. McMillan, 1989. New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series No. 19. 279 p. (Ref. 5755)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.7 - 15.4, mean 13 °C (based on 84 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00485 - 0.01879), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.36; tm=3-4; tmax=15).
Prior r = 0.70, 95% CL = 0.46 - 1.05, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 33.3 [18.0, 72.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.451 [0.256, 0.712] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.6 [14.6, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 1.1 [0.5, 2.4] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.9 [7.3, 43.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17.4 [5.0, 60.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.692 [0.503, 0.968] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.