Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 13614)
Central America: Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 8 - ? cm
Max length : 21.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377)
Inhabits lakes and streams. Largely found solitarily or in pairs, rarely in groups of 6-8, often in association with poeciliids and the mugilid Agonostomus monticola. Occurs with introduced cichlids at numerous localities. Adults swim in open water, taking refuge in small crevices under debris or in rocks when pursued. Young fish are frequently found in aquatic vegetation. Feeds on algae, other aquatic plants and turret shells.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Clean a stone and deposit 150-200 eggs. Female cares for eggs and larvae (Ref. 40602).
Chakrabarty, P., 2006. Taxonomic status of the Hispaniolan Cichlidae. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 737:1-17. (Ref. 79681)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02692 (0.01216 - 0.05956), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.35 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .