Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Malay/Javanese origin. Bleeker (1850, 1858) indicates Ikan Wadder Bettah as the local name of Betta trifasciata Bleeker, 1849 (now Betta picta, Valenciennes, 1846) in the Ambarawa Javanese dialect. Ikan Wader is a common Javanese name for smaller freshwater fishes, especially cyprinids (already used in Old Javanese). See Blust, R. & Trussel, S. Austronesian Comparative Dictionary. Web Edition (https://www.trussel2.com/acd/).. More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 4.4 - 5.7; dH range: ? - 10. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56613)
(total): 0 - 1;
soft rays: 24 - 27;
Vertebrae: 31 - 32. Differs from other member of the Betta unimaculata group by possessing the following combination of characters: dorsal fin ocellus; body red in color; caudal fin with transverse black and red bands; opercle with large red blotch in mature male; vertebrae 31-32 (mode 32); dorsal-fin rays 9-11 (mode 10); anal-fin rays 25-28 (mode 27); pectoral-fin rays 13-14; lateral scales 32-33 (mode 33); subdorsal scales 6-8 (mode 7); predorsal scales 21-24 (mode 23); predorsal length 62.3-66.7% SL; head length 30.4-33.3% SL; anal-fin base length 43.2-49.2% SL; dorsal-fin base length 12.2-15.7% SL; lower jaw length 38.0-54.0% HL (Ref. 56613).
Inhabits shallow (about 30 cm deep) near stagnant pools along stream bed with substrate consisting of clay (Ref. 56613). Occurs also in waterfalls with fast flowing clear water; occupies small pools in tributaries and quiet pools along the main confluence of the river (Ref. 56613). A mouth brooder (Ref. 56613).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male carries the eggs in the mouth.
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .