Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Hemitripteridae
(Sea ravens or sailfin sculpins)
Etymology: Hemitripterus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, tres, tria = three + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Pallas.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 550 m (Ref. 50550). Temperate; 66°N -
Northwest Pacific: Karaginskiy and Commander islands, Bering Sea to Okhotsk and Japan seas; one record from the western Gulf of Alaska.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 17 - 19;
soft rays: 12 - 15. Body covered with many small tubercles; head large, with numerous bony humps and ridges; spinous dorsal fin deeply emarginate, its base longer than that of the soft dorsal fin; jaws, prevomer and palatines with broad bands of conical teeth (Ref. 559).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in the calcareous deposits of colonies of the polychaeta, Salmacinasp. which makes them more of 'cavity spawners' than 'spawners in live vertebrate' (Ref. 34819, 26281).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.9 - 11, mean 4.7 °C (based on 411 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6289 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00502 - 0.02394), b=3.06 (2.86 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .