Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Tetrarogidae
Etymology: Liocranium: Greek, leio = smooth + Greek,kranion = skull (Ref. 45335). More on author: Ogilby.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 12 - 65 m (Ref. 39597). Tropical; 18°S - 28°S (Ref. 77064)
Western Pacific: Queensland, Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3132)
This species of waspfish has the following characters: gill rakers 12-15 (mode 13); posterior
tip of depressed pelvic-fin spine usually not reaching anus; relatively long upper-jaw, its length 16.5-20.1% of SL, mean 18.6%; relatively deep maxilla, its depth 5.8-7.6% of SL, mean 6.4%; longest anal-fin soft ray is relatively short, 21.5-25.9% of SL, mean 24.6%; a large first blotch, narrow and vertically oriented (mean width 12.9% of SL, mean height 24.6% of SL), lateral line running through middle of blotch; relatively large second blotch (mean width 9.6% of SL, mean height 7.9% of SL), located at base of first dorsal-fin soft ray and upper part of blotch extending onto fin membrane; usually with a third blotch on lateral line below soft-rayed portion of dorsal fin; sometimes the second and third blotches are merged together (Ref. 77064).
Little is known of the species' biology, taken in trawls (Ref. 39597).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Motomura, H., P. Last and J.W. Johnson, 2008. Review of the waspfish genus Liocranium (Scorpaeniformes: Tetrarogidae), with restoration of L. pleurostigma (Weber). Zootaxa 1820:27-40. (Ref. 77064)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 26.3, mean 25 (based on 64 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .