Nannatherina balstoni, Balston's pygmy perch : aquarium

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Nannatherina balstoni Regan, 1906

Balston's pygmy perch
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drawing shows typical species in Percichthyidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes (Basses) > Percichthyidae (Temperate perches)
Etymology: Nannatherina: Latin, nannus = small + Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Regan.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 6.5; dH range: 5 - 10; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Temperate; 15°C - 30°C (Ref. 2060); 31°S - 34°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Oceania: coastal drainages of southwest Australia between Two People Bay (near Albany) and the Blackwood River. Also reported from the Goodga River to Gin Gin Brook, western Australia (Ref. 7300).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 5.7  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); 9.0 cm TL (female); common length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); max. reported age: 3.00 years (Ref. 41789)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Is the rarest of all the endemic freshwater fishes of southwestern Australia. Inhabits coastal streams, lakes, ponds and swamps, where the water is dark and acidic (pH as low as 3.0) and has a large seasonal fluctuation in temperature (11-30°C) (Ref. 27892, 44894). Favors shallow water and is commonly found in association with tall sedge thickets (Ref. 44894). Larva feeds mainly on cladocerans, copepods and dipteran larvae, while juveniles and adults ingest mostly terrestrial fauna (Ref. 6398, 44894). Breeds in the middle of winter in response to flooding. Female lays between 500-1600 eggs each. The majority of adult perishes shortly after spawning at the end of their first year (Ref. 44894). Both male and female attain sexual maturity at the end of their first year of life when they have attained an average TL of 6.0 and 6.3 cm respectively (Ref. 27892). Co-occurs with Edelia vittata over part of its range, but is generally more scarce (Ref. 5259, 44894). Aquarium conditions: pH=7.2, H=8, 24°C water temperature, rock and plant cover, carnivore, peaceful community fish, egg layer (Ref. 6398).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Arratia, Gloria | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Endangered (EN) (B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv)); Date assessed: 09 January 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
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Predators
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Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
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Larvae
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Ciguatera
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Otoliths
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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 0.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1; K=1.31-1.69; Tmax=3; mean Fec=1243;).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .