Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Bembridae
Etymology: Bembras: Greek, bembras, -ados = a kind of anchovy (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 80 - 230 m (Ref. 27966). Temperate
Indo-West Pacific: southern Japan and East China Sea. Specimens recorded from Indonesia, the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819) and northwestern Australia (Ref. 5978) are probably new species (Ref. 13666).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
soft rays: 13 - 14. Head depressed. Body without large scute-like spines. Infraorbital bones forming a strong ridge, confluent with uppermost preopercular spine and having 4-6 spines. Ratio of pectoral-fin length to caudal fin length 0.88 to 1.05 (Ref. 40506).
Found in the continental shelf (Ref. 7300). Inhabit sand or sandy mud bottoms (Ref. 11230). Neither anterolateral glandular groove nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Imamura, H. and L.W. Knapp, 1998. Review of the genus Bembras Cuvier, 1929 (Scorpaeniformes: Bembridae) with description of three new species collected from Australia and Indonesia. Ichthyol. Res. 45(2):165-178. (Ref. 27966)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.1 - 26.4, mean 19.7 °C (based on 185 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5332 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .