Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Moridae
Etymology: Physiculus: Diminutive of Greek, physa = tube.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 45 - 700 m (Ref. 45011). Subtropical; - 35°S
Southeast Atlantic: Namibia (Ref. 27121) and from the Cape Peninsula to East London in South Africa. Western Indian Ocean: Kenya (Ref. 45011).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6606)
Inhabits the continental shelf and upper slope (Ref. 6606).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., 1986. Moridae. p. 326-328. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 6606)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9 - 16.6, mean 10.3 °C (based on 60 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00202 - 0.00783), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.16 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .