Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Centropomidae
Etymology: Centropomus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Central Atlantic: Tampico, Mexico to Belize.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3713); common length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3713); max. published weight: 9.0 kg (Ref. 3713)
Inhabits coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons, penetrating into freshwater. Spawning occurs in fresh or low brackish water. Feeds on fish and crustaceans.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.3 - 28, mean 26.9 °C (based on 148 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00610 - 0.02160), b=3.14 (2.98 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 137 [79, 220] mg/100g ; Iron = 1 [1, 2] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.2, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.484 [0.192, 1.242] g/100g ; Selenium = 91.9 [41.7, 188.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11 [5, 26] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.06 [0.76, 1.49] mg/100g (wet weight);