Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Naucratinae
Etymology: Seriola: Latin word diminutive with the meaning of a large earthenware pot (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 55 - 130 m (Ref. 9626). Subtropical; 43°N - 30°S, 98°W - 15°W
Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Madeira (Ref. 7097); Turkey (Ref. 95646); eastern Atlantic distribution is uncertain due to past confusion with Seriola carpenteri.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 67.5 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26340); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 4.6 kg (Ref. 3195)
Adults are benthopelagic near the coasts (Ref. 5217). Smaller juveniles epipelagic in oceanic or offshore neritic waters. Adults feed on squids and fishes (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., J.-C. Quéro and M. Desoutter, 1990. Carangidae. p. 729-755. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7097)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.7 - 26.5, mean 23.3 °C (based on 70 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00865 - 0.02772), b=2.95 (2.79 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.62 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 69.1 [38.5, 136.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.22 [0.74, 2.12] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [16, 22] % ; Omega3 = 0.434 [0.268, 0.705] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.6 [16.5, 67.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 105 [11, 532] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.636 [0.433, 0.942] mg/100g (wet weight);