Morphology Data of Xenobalistes tumidipectoris
Identification keys
Main Ref. Matsuura, K. and M. Toda, 2012
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species possess the following characters: body relatively elongate and rather deep and compressed; a prominent lateral protuberance on each side just below pectoral fins; dorsal profile of head ascending from mouth to just before eye, continuing with a gentle incline to first dorsal spine; eye large, located posteriorly on head; supraorbital ridge is well developed and expanded dorsolaterally; a short shallow groove before eye, below nares which are close together just in front of eye; gill opening almost vertical, without enlarged osseous scales behind dorsal end of gill opening; the first dorsal spine long and stout, originating over gill opening; its anterior surface covered with two rows of downward directed small barbs; proximal part of the dorsal spine with several rows of smaller barbs, the second dorsal spine slender, much less than the first in length; third dorsal spine short, extending slightly above dorsal contour of body; the second dorsal and anal fins are almost oppositely placed, with origin of anal fin slightly posterior to that of second dorsal fin; both fins slightly rounded; rounded pectoral and caudal fins; body scales with numerous, erect, rough, flat-topped tubercles (Ref. 124446).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Xenobalistes tumidipectoris

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 2
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 2 - 2
Soft-rays total 27 - 27
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total
Soft-rays total 24 - 24

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Spines     0
Soft-rays   13 - 13
Pelvics Attributes  
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