Morphology Data of Garra kalpangi
Identification keys
Main Ref. Nebeshwar, K., K. Bagra and D.N. Das, 2012
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished from its congeners of the Himalayan foothills by the following characters: two pairs of barbels; proboscis poorly developed, represented by a squarish area in front of the nostrils; circumpeduncular scales 16; similar to G. gravelyi, G. rotundinasus and G. elongata in having a weakly developed proboscis on the snout. This species is differentiated from G. gravelyi in having branched dorsal-fin rays 8 (vs. 7), branched pectoral-fin rays 10-12 (vs. 13), predorsal scales 10-11 (vs. 8–9), absence (vs. presence) of indistinct black spots at the bases of the branched dorsal-fin rays, absence (vs. presence) of lateral stripes on side of body; from G. rotundinasus in having branched pectoral-fin rays 10-12 (vs.13-15), lateral line scales 32-33 (vs. 36-37), scales between vent and anal-fin origin 3 (vs. 5), transverse scale rows above lateral line 3½ (vs. 2½), transverse scale rows below lateral line 3½-4 (vs. 2½-3), circumpeduncular scales 16 (vs. 12), absence (vs. subtle presence) of lateral stripe along lateral line; from G. elongata in having lateral line scales 32-33 (vs. 40-41), predorsal scales 10-11 (vs. 14-15), branched dorsal-fin rays 8 (vs.7), absence (vs. presence) of transverse groove at tip of snout, absence (vs. presence) of pleated papilliferous fold at corner of mouth, absence (vs. presence) of a wide submarginal band on dorsal fin, absence (vs. presence) of a longitudinal median black band on caudal fin (Ref. 89473).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Garra kalpangi

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 32 - 33
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 16 - 16
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 10 - 11
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 7 - 8

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   10 - 12
Pelvics Attributes  
Soft-rays   7 - 8
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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