Morphology Data of Coptodon cameronensis
Identification keys
Main Ref. Stiassny, M.L.J., A. Lamboj, D. De Weirdt and G.G. Teugels, 2008
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Diagnosis: 9 or fewer rakers on lower limb of first arch; soft dorsal, anal and caudal fins dominantly red-brown, scattered with light spots; head profile very bulging; mouth subterminal or inferior; chest scales very small; 8-12 gill rakers; dorsal fin usually with 28-30 total rays; external teeth very large, robust; length of caudal peduncle 8.2-10.4% of standard length (Ref. 81260).

Description: head length 30.3-35.0% SL; lower pharyngeal jaw with curved anterior teeth and straight bicuspid posterior teeth; ventral keel much shorter than dentigerous plate; 3-9 rows of teeth in oral jaws, outer row teeth very robust, bicuspids (Ref. 81260).

Coloration: body ground coloration grey-white, bluish grey dorsally and on dorsum of head, pale white on chest and belly; 5-6 grey or grey-blue bars on the flanks; upper lip bluish, lower lip whitish; spinous dorsal fin anteriorly uniform grey becoming wine red posteriorly; soft dorsal red brown, with several rows of maculae; caudal fin red brown with rows of maculae; anal fin uniformly dark grey, posteriorly often red brown and maculate; pelvics dark grey, especially on leading edge; pectoral fins transparent (Ref. 81260).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Coptodon cameronensis

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 29 - 30
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 8 - 12
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   0
Ventral  0
Spines total 14 - 16
Soft-rays total 12 - 15
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 8 - 10

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Musschoot, Tobias
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