Morphology Data of Barbus balcanicus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Differs from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Danube drainage, Adriatic basin and Balkan Peninsula by having the following characters: last simple ray weak, not serrated posteriorly; lower lip thick with a short median lobe; 49-57 + 3-4 scales on lateral line; usually 9-12 scale rows between lateral line and dorsal origin; 8-10 scale rows between lateral line and pelvic origin; top of head with conspicuous black dots or spots, about size of pupil; cheek and opercle with dark dots; paired fins with dark spots, at least dark pigments on rays forming 1-2 dark bars; body with dark dots and blotches much darker than background; caudal with elongate spots longer than pupil diameter; simple pelvic ray distinctly shorter than second branched ray. Some populations from the Gallikos, Aliakmon and lower Vardar which possibly represent introgression with Barbus strumicae or a different species possess a longer dorsal with slightly concave margin, last simple dorsal ray granulous posteriorly along part of its length, a longer anal, and pointed caudal lobes. Molecular characters are mainly used to diagnose this species and separating this species from Barbus carpathicus Barbus petenyi in the field would be difficult (Ref. 59043)

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Barbus balcanicus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales 51 - 61
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 8 - 12
Scale rows below lateral line 8 - 10
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
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