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|Sound produced||yes, active sound production|
|Type of sound produced||escape knocks, thumps, knocks & scrapes|
|Sound production organ||swim bladder & possibly teeth (similar to Gerres cinereus)|
|Sound mechanism||vibration of swim bladder & possibly stridulation of teeth (similar to Gerres cinereus)|
|Behavioural context||under duress (single raspy escape knock when held by tail, series of thumps, knocks & scrapes with manual and electric stimulation)|
|Reference||Fish, M.P. and W.H. Mowbray, 1970|