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Fish Identification: Find Species

Class: Teleostei
Order: Acanthuriformes
Family: Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes
Subfamily: Acanthurinae
Genus: Acanthurus

(See list of species below)

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40 species
(see list below)
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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Acanthurus achilles Achilles tang Western Pacific 24 TL 1803
Acanthurus albimento Whitechin surgeonfish Western Pacific 25.2 SL 2017
Acanthurus albipectoralis Whitefin surgeonfish Western Pacific 33 TL 1987
Acanthurus auranticavus Orange-socket surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 45 SL 1956
Acanthurus bahianus Barber surgeonfish South and Central Atlanti 12.8 TL 1855
Acanthurus bariene Black-spot surgeonfish Indo-West Pacific 50 TL 1831
Acanthurus blochii Ringtail surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 45 SL 1835
Acanthurus chirurgus Doctorfish Western Atlantic 39 TL 1787
Acanthurus chronixis Chronixis surgeonfish Western Pacific 28 TL 1960
Acanthurus coeruleus Blue tang surgeonfish Western Atlantic 39 TL 1801
Acanthurus dussumieri Eyestripe surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 54 TL 1835
Acanthurus fowleri Fowler's surgeonfish Western Pacific 45 SL 1951
Acanthurus gahhm Black surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 40 TL 1775
Acanthurus grammoptilus Finelined surgeonfish Western Pacific 35.6 FL 1843
Acanthurus guttatus Whitespotted surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 26 TL 1801
Acanthurus japonicus Japan surgeonfish Indo-West Pacific 23 TL 1931
Acanthurus leucocheilus Palelipped surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 45 SL 1927
Acanthurus leucopareius Whitebar surgeonfish Western Central Pacific 25 TL 1903
Acanthurus leucosternon Powderblue surgeonfish Indian Ocean 54 TL 1833
Acanthurus lineatus Lined surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 38 TL 1758
Acanthurus maculiceps White-freckled surgeonfish Indo-West Pacific 40 SL 1923
Acanthurus mata Elongate surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 50 TL 1829
Acanthurus monroviae Monrovia doctorfish Eastern Atlantic 45 SL 1876
Acanthurus nigricans Whitecheek surgeonfish Eastern Indian Ocean 36 FL 1758
Acanthurus nigricauda Epaulette surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 45.3 FL 1929
Acanthurus nigrofuscus Brown surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 21 TL 1775
Acanthurus nigroris Bluelined surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 25 TL 1835
Acanthurus nubilus Bluelined surgeon Indo-West Pacific 26 TL 1929
Acanthurus olivaceus Orangespot surgeonfish Pacific Ocean 35 TL 1801
Acanthurus polyzona Black-barred surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 11 TL 1868
Acanthurus pyroferus Chocolate surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 29 TL 1834
Acanthurus randalli Gulf surgeonfish Western Atlantic 18 TL 1957
Acanthurus reversus Eastern Central Pacific 34 TL 1999
Acanthurus sohal Sohal surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 40 TL 1775
Acanthurus tennentii Doubleband surgeonfish Indian Ocean 31 TL 1861
Acanthurus thompsoni Thompson's surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 27 TL 1923
Acanthurus tractus Ocean surgeonfish Northwest to West Central 38.1 SL 1860
Acanthurus triostegus Convict surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 27 TL 1758
Acanthurus tristis Indian Ocean mimic surgeonfish Indian Ocean 25 TL 1993
Acanthurus xanthopterus Yellowfin surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 70 TL 1835

Other identification tools in FishBase

Quick Identification
Identification keys
Identification by morphometrics
Identification by pictures:
          If you already know the Family, go to Search FishBase, select Family and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the family.

          If you already know the Country, go to
Search FishBase, select Country and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the country.

          If you already know the Ecosystem, go to
Search FishBase, select Ecosystem and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the ecosystem.
cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013