Fish Identification: Find Species

Family: Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes

(See list of species below)

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84 species
(see list below)
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n = 84

Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Acanthurus achilles Achilles tang Western Pacific 24 TL 1803
Acanthurus albimento Whitechin surgeonfish Western Pacific 25.2 SL 2017
Acanthurus albipectoralis Whitefin surgeonfish Western Pacific 33 TL 1987
Acanthurus auranticavus Orange-socket surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 45 SL 1956
Acanthurus bahianus Barber surgeonfish South and Central Atlanti 12.8 TL 1855
Acanthurus bariene Black-spot surgeonfish Indo-West Pacific 50 TL 1831
Acanthurus blochii Ringtail surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 45 SL 1835
Acanthurus chirurgus Doctorfish Western Atlantic 39 TL 1787
Acanthurus chronixis Chronixis surgeonfish Western Pacific 28 TL 1960
Acanthurus coeruleus Blue tang surgeonfish Western Atlantic 39 TL 1801
Acanthurus dussumieri Eyestripe surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 54 TL 1835
Acanthurus fowleri Fowler's surgeonfish Western Pacific 45 SL 1951
Acanthurus gahhm Black surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 40 TL 1775
Acanthurus grammoptilus Finelined surgeonfish Western Pacific 35.6 FL 1843
Acanthurus guttatus Whitespotted surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 26 TL 1801
Acanthurus japonicus Japan surgeonfish Indo-West Pacific 23 TL 1931
Acanthurus leucocheilus Palelipped surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 45 SL 1927
Acanthurus leucopareius Whitebar surgeonfish Western Central Pacific 25 TL 1903
Acanthurus leucosternon Powderblue surgeonfish Indian Ocean 54 TL 1833
Acanthurus lineatus Lined surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 38 TL 1758
Acanthurus maculiceps White-freckled surgeonfish Indo-West Pacific 40 SL 1923
Acanthurus mata Elongate surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 50 TL 1829
Acanthurus monroviae Monrovia doctorfish Eastern Atlantic 45 SL 1876
Acanthurus nigricans Whitecheek surgeonfish Eastern Indian Ocean 36 FL 1758
Acanthurus nigricauda Epaulette surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 45.3 FL 1929
Acanthurus nigrofuscus Brown surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 21 TL 1775
Acanthurus nigroris Bluelined surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 25 TL 1835
Acanthurus nubilus Bluelined surgeon Indo-West Pacific 26 TL 1929
Acanthurus olivaceus Orangespot surgeonfish Pacific Ocean 35 TL 1801
Acanthurus polyzona Black-barred surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 11 TL 1868
Acanthurus pyroferus Chocolate surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 29 TL 1834
Acanthurus randalli Gulf surgeonfish Western Atlantic 18 TL 1957
Acanthurus reversus Eastern Central Pacific 34 TL 1999
Acanthurus sohal Sohal surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 40 TL 1775
Acanthurus tennentii Doubleband surgeonfish Indian Ocean 31 TL 1861
Acanthurus thompsoni Thompson's surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 27 TL 1923
Acanthurus tractus Ocean surgeonfish Northwest to West Central 38.1 SL 1860
Acanthurus triostegus Convict surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 27 TL 1758
Acanthurus tristis Indian Ocean mimic surgeonfish Indian Ocean 25 TL 1993
Acanthurus xanthopterus Yellowfin surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 70 TL 1835
Ctenochaetus binotatus Twospot surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 22 TL 1955
Ctenochaetus cyanocheilus Short-tail bristle-tooth Western Pacific 16 SL 2001
Ctenochaetus flavicauda Western Central Pacific 16 TL 1938
Ctenochaetus hawaiiensis Chevron tang Pacific Ocean 25 TL 1955
Ctenochaetus marginatus Striped-fin surgeonfish Pacific Ocean 27 TL 1835
Ctenochaetus striatus Striated surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 26 TL 1825
Ctenochaetus strigosus Spotted surgeonfish Eastern Central Pacific 15 SL 1828
Ctenochaetus tominiensis Tomini surgeonfish Western Central Pacific 16 SL 1955
Ctenochaetus truncatus Indian gold-ring bristle-tooth Indian Ocean. 16 SL 2001
Naso annulatus Whitemargin unicornfish Indo-Pacific 100 TL 1825
Naso brachycentron Humpback unicornfish Indo-Pacific 90 FL 1835
Naso brevirostris Spotted unicornfish Indo-Pacific 60 TL 1829
Naso caeruleacauda Blue unicorn Western Central Pacific 40 SL 1994
Naso caesius Gray unicornfish Pacific Ocean 45.6 SL 1992
Naso elegans Elegant unicornfish Indian Ocean 45 SL 1829
Naso fageni Horseface unicornfish Indo-West Pacific 80 FL 1954
Naso hexacanthus Sleek unicornfish Indo-Pacific 75 FL 1855
Naso lituratus Orangespine unicornfish East Indian Ocean from Ch 46 SL 1801
Naso lopezi Elongate unicornfish Western Pacific 60 SL 1927
Naso maculatus Pacific Ocean 60 TL 1981
Naso mcdadei Squarenose unicornfish Indo-West Pacific 75 SL 2002
Naso minor Slender unicorn Indo-West Pacific 30 SL 1966
Naso reticulatus Reticulate unicornfish Western Pacific 49 SL 2001
Naso tergus Western Pacific 34.7 SL 2011
Naso thynnoides Oneknife unicornfish Indo-Pacific 40 FL 1829
Naso tonganus Bulbnose unicornfish Western Indian Ocean 60 SL 1835
Naso tuberosus Humpnose unicornfish Western Indian Ocean 60 SL 1801
Naso unicornis Bluespine unicornfish Indo-Pacific 70 FL 1775
Naso vlamingii Bignose unicornfish Indo-pan-Pacific 60 TL 1835
Paracanthurus hepatus Palette surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 31 TL 1766
Prionurus biafraensis Biafra doctorfish Eastern Atlantic 20 TL 1962
Prionurus chrysurus Indonesian sawtail Western Pacific 30 SL 2001
Prionurus laticlavius Razor surgeonfish Eastern Central Pacific 60 TL 1846
Prionurus maculatus Yellowspotted sawtail Southwest Pacific 45 TL 1887
Prionurus microlepidotus Sixplate sawtail Western Pacific 70 TL 1804
Prionurus punctatus Yellowtail surgeonfish Eastern Central Pacific 60 TL 1862
Prionurus scalprum Scalpel sawtail Northwest Pacific 50 TL 1835
Zebrasoma desjardinii Indian sail-fin surgeonfish Indian Ocean 40 TL 1836
Zebrasoma flavescens Yellow tang Pacific Ocean 20 TL 1828
Zebrasoma gemmatum Spotted tang Western Indian Ocean 22 TL 1835
Zebrasoma rostratum Longnose surgeonfish Eastern Central Pacific 21 TL 1875
Zebrasoma scopas Twotone tang Indo-Pacific 40 SL 1829
Zebrasoma velifer Sailfin tang Eastern Indian Ocean to t 40 SL 1795
Zebrasoma xanthurum Yellowtail tang Western Indian Ocean 36.7 TL 1852

Other identification tools in FishBase

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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013