Caranx melampygus Cuvier, 1833
Bluefin trevally
Bluefin trevally,  Talakitok,  Adlo,  Atulay,  Babadlong,  Babakulan,  Badlon,  Bagudlong,  Baho-olo,  Bahul-o',  Bahulo,  Banlog,  Banlug,  Barilason,  Batik,  Baulo,  Belo-belo,  Bulubukto,  Dulasan,  Inggatan,  Istah putih biloh-biloh,  Kalapato,  Karis-karis,  Lambiyan,  Lison,  Malapondo,  Malilmango,  Maliputo,  Mamsa,  Mangsah,  Manitis,  Mansa,  Mirapina,  Momsa,  Momsa golden key,  Nagboboguel,  Pagapa,  Pampano,  Pikat,  Pulang buntot,  Salay-salay,  Samin-samin,  Saraming,  Sibong bakug,  Tagiptipon,  Talabkito,  Talakitok,  Taliti-on,  Tamarong,  Tarakitok,  Tarakugan,  Taruk-ogan,  Trakito,  Trukitok,  Vated
Caranx melampygus
photo by Patzner, R.

Family:  Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos), subfamily: Caranginae
Max. size:  117 cm FL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 44 kg
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 0 - 190 m
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Ducie Island, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Eastern Central Pacific: Mexico to Panama (Ref. 9283). Hybrid with Caranx sexfasciatus found in Hawaii (Ref. 58422).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 9-9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21-24; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 17-21. Description: Head and upper body brassy, suffused with blue and speckled with small black spots; median fins electric blue; fins of juveniles and the young pale to dusky, except yellow pectorals (Ref. 2334, 90102). Body oblong and compressed, dorsal profile moderately convex to second dorsal fin, ventral profile slightly convex (Ref. 90102). Breast completely scaly. LL scutes 27-42, strong (Ref. 2334, 90102). Pectoral fins falcate; 2 spines detached from anal fin (Ref. 2334). Adipose eyelid weakly developed (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  A coastal and oceanic species, associated with reefs (Ref. 9283, 58302). Juveniles occur seasonally in shallow sandy inshore waters (Ref. 9710). Found in rivers (Ref. 12792). Pelagic (Ref. 58302). Occasionally in schools. Feeds mainly on other fishes (Ref. 9283), also crustaceans (Ref. 9710). Often toxic when it reaches a length of more than 50 cm (Ref. 4795). Mainly marketed fresh, but also dried or salted (Ref. 9283). Most common trevally in coral reefs (Ref. 90102).
IUCN Red List Status: (Ref. 115185)
Threat to humans:  reports of ciguatera poisoning
Country info:  Known from Bulata, Negros Occidental (Ref. 58652), Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104756), Leyte Gulf (Ref. 68980), and Bantayan Is. in northern Cebu (Ref. 114734). Also Ref. 3287, 48613, 53416.

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 10.11.90
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 12.07.13
Checked by: Froese, Rainer - 05.04.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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