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Centrolabrus exoletus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rock cook
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Centrolabrus exoletus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Centrolabrus exoletus
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Netherlands country information

Common names: [No common name]
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
National Checklist:
Country Information:
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Whitehead, P.J.P., M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.), 1986
National Database:

Common names from other countries

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Centrolabrus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, labros = furious (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated.   Temperate; 80°N - 33°N, 47°W - 25°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Portugal; also eastern Greenland.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4645); common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 4792)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 18 - 20; Dorsal soft rays (total): 5-7; Anal spines: 4-6; Anal soft rays: 6 - 8. Snout with 5-10 pores. Upper lip with 5-7 folds. Rows of scales on cheek 3-5, on inter-operculum 2 (7-11) scales, on temporo-occipital surface 5-8. Vertebrae 32-34. Preoperculum edge serrated. One row of scales on base of soft part of dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 232). No black spots on the body or fins (Ref. 35388).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found in eel-grass beds near rocks. Feed on small invertebrates (Ref. 4742). Eggs are laid in the summer in a seaweed nest (Ref. 35388). Males grow faster than females (Ref. 4792). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Used in salmon culture as cleaner fish (Helmut Tethmeyer, pers. comm.).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205). Also Ref. 103751.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 September 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Common names
Egg development
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Internet sources

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.9 - 13, mean 10.7 (based on 352 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00459 - 0.01196), b=3.09 (2.95 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.69-0.81; tmax=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .