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Callionymus lyra Linnaeus, 1758

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Callionymus lyra   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Callionymus lyra (Dragonet)
Callionymus lyra
Picture by Aquarium Kiel

Netherlands country information

Common names: Pitvis
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: common (usually seen) | Ref: Nijssen, H. and S.J. de Groot, 1974
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Also Ref. 75992.
National Checklist:
Country Information:
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Fricke, R., 1986
National Database:

Common names from other countries

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Callionymiformes (Dragonets) > Callionymidae (Dragonets)
Etymology: Callionymus: Greek, kallion, comparative of kallos = beautiful + Greek, onyma = name; with a better name .  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 430 m (Ref. 5968), usually 5 - 30 m (Ref. 27115).   Temperate; 16°C - 20°C (Ref. 27115); 65°N - 16°N, 32°W - 32°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Iceland and Norway south to Mauritania, including the northern Mediterranean, Gibraltar, and Algeria, western Black Sea, Aegean and Adriatic Sea, Azores and the Canary Islands.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 17.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59122); 25.0 cm TL (female); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 72462)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal soft rays: 9. Gill opening dorsal. Usually antrorse (forward-pointing) tip at base of preopercular spine. Rays of second dorsal unbranched except for the last, which is divided at base (Ref. 232). Snout length 2-3 times the diameter of the eye (Ref. 35388).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs on sand and muddy bottoms from sublittoral to 200 m (Ref. 6444) and to 400 m or more (Ref. 9900). Feeds on small invertebrates, mainly worms and crustaceans. Territorial, males aggressive with each other. Complex courtship behavior consists of 4 phases: courtship, pairing, ascending, releasing eggs and milt. Pelagic eggs and larvae (Ref. 5968). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 27115. Neither opercular spine gland nor anterolateral glandular groove with venom gland is present (Ref. 57406).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Complex courtship behavior with 4 phases: courtship, pairing, ascending, releasing eggs and milt (Ref. 5968).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fricke, Ronald | Collaborators

Davis, W.P and R. Fricke, 1990. Callionymidae. p. 921-924. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon, SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6941)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 06 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 4690)

Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 11.7 - 19.5, mean 13.3 (based on 92 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00904 - 0.01330), b=2.76 (2.71 - 2.81), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.38 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.43-0.47; tmax=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.