List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Panama
n = 224
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Table 1: 212 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 4 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 8 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 224 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table : 224 .
     
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Family Species Author Info Occurrence Common names Abundance Max length Maturity Remark Photo
Achiridae Achirus mazatlanus (Steindachner, 1869) Fr, Br, M native   22.50 cm TL male/unsexed   
Auchenipteridae Ageneiosus pardalis Lütken, 1874 Fr native   46.20 cm SL male/unsexed   
Mugilidae Agonostomus monticola (Bancroft, 1834) Fr, Br native   36.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Poeciliidae Alfaro cultratus (Regan, 1908) Fr native   7.50 cm TL male/unsexed ;8.00 cm female   
Cichlidae Amatitlania altoflava (Allgayer, 2001) Fr endemic   9.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Found in the Cañaveral River basin (Ref. 36377). Also known from Río Cricamola at Konkintu, a new record that extends species range westward (Ref. 74403). Type locality, Río Cañaveral, MNHN 2001-1163 (holotype of Cryptoheros altoflavus, 9 cm SL). 
Cichlidae Amatitlania kanna Schmitter-Soto, 2007 Fr native   8.30 cm SL male/unsexed  Type locality, San San swamp, Atlantic Panama, FMNH 59243 (holotype of Amatitlania kanna, 8.3 cm SL). Known from the rivers of Cañaveral, Cricamola, and Sixaola, and other localities in Atlantic Panama (Ref. 74403).  No picture yet.
Cichlidae Amatitlania myrnae (Loiselle, 1997) Fr native   8.00 cm SL male/unsexed   
Cichlidae Amatitlania nanolutea (Allgayer, 1994) Fr endemic   6.40 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from the Guarumo River basin (Ref. 36377). 
Cichlidae Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Günther, 1867) Fr error   10.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Not occurring in the Pacific and Atlantic slopes of the country (Ref. 74403). Reported from Rio Guarumo and Rio Sixaola (Ref. 7335). 
Cichlidae Amatitlania septemfasciata (Regan, 1908) Fr questionable   10.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from the Rio Sixaola (Ref. 7335). Outside distributional range, occurrence needs confirmation. 
Cichlidae Amphilophus lyonsi (Gosse, 1966) Fr native   15.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from Rio Dupi. Also Ref. 36880. 
Engraulidae Anchoa curta (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882) Fr, Br, M native   8.90 cm TL male/unsexed   
Engraulidae Anchoa parva (Meek & Hildebrand, 1923) Fr, Br, M native   9.10 cm TL male/unsexed   
Engraulidae Anchoa spinifer (Valenciennes, 1848) Fr, Br, M native   24.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Abundant in the fresh water Pedro Miguel Lock. 
Loricariidae Ancistrus chagresi Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889 Fr endemic   19.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from the Panama Canal Zone, Chagres, Gatun and Chorrera basins (Ref. 36713). Also Ref. 6868.  No picture yet.
Loricariidae Ancistrus maculatus (Steindachner, 1881) Fr misidentification   11.80 cm SL male/unsexed  Type locality: Chagres River (Ref. 6868). Specimens from Chagres River belong to Ancistrus chagresi (Ref. 36713).  No picture yet.
Loricariidae Ancistrus spinosus Meek & Hildebrand, 1916 Fr endemic   17.60 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from the Pacific and Caribbean river drainages of eastern Panama (Ref. 36713). Also Ref. 6868. 
Cichlidae Andinoacara coeruleopunctatus (Kner, 1863) Fr native  Chogorro (Spanish)  14.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Recorded from the Rio Coloradito (Ref. 7335) and the Río Indio (Ref. 36880). Also Ref. 12251, 36377. 
Anguillidae Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur, 1817) Fr, Br, M native   152 cm TL male/unsexed ;122 cm TL female  Also Ref. 26340, 30499. 
Apteronotidae Apteronotus rostratus (Meek & Hildebrand, 1913) Fr native   27.20 cm TL male/unsexed  Occurs in northern basins of Panama (Ref. 50581). Also Ref. 26457.  No picture yet.
Ariidae Ariopsis assimilis (Günther, 1864) Fr, Br native   35.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Ariidae Ariopsis seemanni (Günther, 1864) Fr, Br, M native   39.50 cm TL male/unsexed   
Astroblepidae Astroblepus pirrensis (Meek & Hildebrand, 1913) Fr endemic   13.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Known only from Rio Cana, Cana.  No picture yet.
Characidae Astyanax aeneus (Günther, 1860) Fr native   7.50 cm SL male/unsexed ;12.00 cm SL female  Known from Rio Cocle del Norte (Atlantic sector) and Rio Tabasara (Pacific sector). 
Characidae Astyanax bimaculatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr native   17.50 cm TL male/unsexed   
Characidae Astyanax fasciatus (Cuvier, 1819) Fr native   17.10 cm TL male/unsexed   
Characidae Astyanax kompi Hildebrand, 1938 Fr native      No picture yet.
Characidae Astyanax ruberrimus Eigenmann, 1913 Fr native     
Atherinopsidae Atherinella argentea Chernoff, 1986 Fr, Br, M native   11.10 cm SL male/unsexed   
Atherinopsidae Atherinella chagresi (Meek & Hildebrand, 1914) Fr, Br, M native   9.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Type locality, Río Chagres at Gorgona I., Panama Canal Zone (Ref. 26282). 
Gobiidae Awaous banana (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr native   30.00 cm SL male/unsexed ;24.38 cm SL female  Known from Chiriqui, Veraguas, Los Santos, Panama, Darien, Bocas del Toro, Coclé and Colon. 
Batrachoididae Batrachoides pacifici (Günther, 1861) Fr, Br, M, Fi native   43.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Ranges from the Panama canal eastward (Ref. 9277). Found in markets (Ref. 9277). 
Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus occidentalis (Regan, 1914) Fr native   17.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 46312. 
Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis cascajalensis (Meek & Hildebrand, 1913) Fr, Br native   6.00 cm TL male/unsexed ;7.50 cm female  Occurs in San Blas in the Atlantic drainage; in central Panama in the Pacific drainage; and, recorded from Rio Mendoza (Ref. 26130) and Río Chagres (Ref. 36880). 
Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis episcopi (Steindachner, 1878) Fr endemic   3.50 cm TL male/unsexed ;5.00 cm female  Found in the Rio Capira. 
Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis hessfeldi Meyer & Etzel, 2001 Fr native   5.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Found in waters west of Canal Zone, Coclé (Ref. 50894). 
Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis punctifer (Hubbs, 1926) Fr endemic   3.00 cm TL male/unsexed ;5.00 cm female  Found in the Rio Cricamola.  No picture yet.
Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis roseni Bussing, 1988 Fr native   6.00 cm SL male/unsexed ;4.20 cm SL female  Found in headwaters of Rio Santa Maria drainage in Veraguas. 
Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis roswithae Meyer & Etzel, 1998 Fr native   5.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known only west of Canalzone (Ref. 42972).  No picture yet.
Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis terrabensis (Regan, 1907) Fr native   6.00 cm SL male/unsexed   
Bryconidae Brycon argenteus Meek & Hildebrand, 1913 Fr native  Sábalo pipon (Spanish)  23.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Museum: Comaraca Kuna Yala, Quebrada Sigdi at Pingandi, USNM 293136 (100 mm SL). Also Ref. 598, 9371, 38504.  No picture yet.
Bryconidae Brycon behreae Hildebrand, 1938 Fr native  Sábalo pipon (Spanish)  26.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Found in Chiriquí del Tire and Chagres River basins, Pacific and Atlantic slopes of Panama (Ref. 38504). Also Ref. 598. 
Bryconidae Brycon chagrensis (Kner, 1863) Fr endemic  Sábalo pipon (Spanish)  50.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Found in the Chagres River basin, Atlantic slope of Panama (Ref. 38504). Also Ref. 598. 
Bryconidae Brycon guatemalensis Regan, 1908 Fr native   59.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Occurs in the Grijalva River (Ref. 6858). 
Bryconidae Brycon obscurus Hildebrand, 1938 Fr native  Sábalo pipon (Spanish)  9.60 cm SL male/unsexed    No picture yet.
Bryconidae Brycon petrosus Meek & Hildebrand, 1913 Fr native  Sábalo pipon (Spanish)  28.50 cm SL male/unsexed   
Bryconidae Brycon striatulus (Kner, 1863) Fr native  Sábalo pipon (Spanish)  36.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 598.  No picture yet.
Characidae Bryconamericus bayano (Fink, 1976) Fr native   5.70 cm SL male/unsexed  Museum: pool in small stream ca. 19 km along road from El Lhano to Carti, Río Bayano basin, MZUSP 14049 - 14051 (paratypes of E. bayano) (Ref. 27925). 
Characidae Bryconamericus emperador (Eigenmann & Ogle, 1907) Fr native   10.40 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from Chagres, Tuira, Bayano, and Santa María River basins (Ref. 38376). Also Ref. 598. 
Characidae Bryconamericus gonzalezi Román-Valencia, 2002 Fr native   7.38 cm SL male/unsexed  Type locality: Río Bongie, 9°21'35"N, 82°36'35"W (Ref. 46206). 
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