List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Philippines
n = 362
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Table 1: 346 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 13 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 3 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 362 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table : 362 .
     
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Family Species Author Info Occurrence Common names Abundance Max length Maturity Remark Photo
Cichlidae Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Günther, 1867) Fr, Or introduced  Convict (English)  10.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Recorded from Lapad River, Laguna (pers. observation). 
Ambassidae Ambassis buruensis Bleeker, 1856 Fr, Br, M native   8.20 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek and Ambacan River at Butigan, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223) and reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 12165, 13446). Also Ref. 2847, 7050. 
Ambassidae Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède, 1802) Fr, Br, M native  Langarai (Tagalog), Parangan (Hiligaynon), Langaray (Tagalog)  16.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 12165, 13446). Also Ref. 280, 33390. 
Ambassidae Ambassis interrupta Bleeker, 1853 Fr, Br native  Langaray (Tagalog)  12.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 2847, 7050. 
Ambassidae Ambassis macracanthus Bleeker, 1849 Fr, Br native   10.50 cm SL male/unsexed   
Ambassidae Ambassis marianus Günther, 1880 Fr, Br questionable   10.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported occurrence in San Miguel Bay, Philippines (Ref. 045161) is questionable as this species is known to be endemic to Australia. 
Ambassidae Ambassis nalua (Hamilton, 1822) Fr, Br native   12.50 cm TL male/unsexed   
Ambassidae Ambassis urotaenia Bleeker, 1852 Fr, Br, M native   14.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Kiga creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Reported from Lake Taal and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 4180. 
Anabantidae Anabas testudineus (Bloch, 1792) Fr, Br, Fi, Aq, Or introduced  Liwalo (Tagalog), Atas (Bikol), Puyo (Bikol), Climbingperch (English), Gourami (English), Arraro (Ilokano), Liwalo (Kapampangan), Alito (Kuyunon), Piit (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Puyo (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Puyo-puyo (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Alalo (Pangasinan), Martiniko (Tagalog), Puyo (Tagalog), Tinikan (Tagalog), Gutan (Visayan), Puyo (Visayan) common (usually seen) 25.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Status to be confirmed. Recorded as introduced (Ref. 6565). May be a native fish due to museum records dating back to 1901 (USNM 00126367) (Ref. 38732). Found in slow streams, ditches, ponds, and lakes, but not in the mountains (Ref. 2854). Reported from Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80864); museum specimens collected in 1984 from the south bay, LRS-84128 (Ref. 13460) and Sta. Maria River, in Laguna; Lake Buhi, Camarines Sur; Lake Naujan, Mindoro (Ref. 13446); San Fernando, La Union; Rosales, La Union; Tacloban, Leyte; Lake Buluan and the rivers of Cotabato (Rio Grande and Fort Pikit) (Ref. 280). A specimen was caught in 1989 with hook and line from Lake Manguao, Palawan (Ref. 13489). Known from Lake Buluan (Ref. 13492) and Lake Lanao (Ref. 13446, 95183). Also recorded from Lake Mainit, Mindanao (Ref. 50320, 13446, 81829), reported from Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Considered a tasty but bony food fish (Ref. 6565). Used in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12157). Reported from Manguao Lake in a 2003 study, common in the the littoral zone in vegetation, inflows and rice field ; known for its ability to walk overland to find larger water bodies (Ref. 50862). Reported from Lake Lanao, Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). Collected from CLSU fish pond, Nueva Ecija as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). Also Ref. 4835, 4833, 7050, 12744, 43638. 
Anguillidae Anguilla australis Richardson, 1841 Fr, Br, M native  Shortfin eel (English), Igat (Tagalog), Almang (Agutaynen), Casili (Cebuano), Kasili (Cebuano), Kasili (Davawenyo), Kibo (Ibanag), Ubod-ubod (Kagayanen), Endong (Kuyunon), Kasili (Waray-waray)  130 cm TL male/unsexed ;107 cm TL female  Two specimens, 51.5 and 60 cm, were collected from Lake Bato, Camarines. Two stuffed specimens in the museum of University of Santo Tomas were collected from Cavite. 
Anguillidae Anguilla bengalensis (Gray, 1831) Fr native  Moorish eel (English), Igat (Tagalog)  200 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Lake Lanao, Lake Taal, Lake Mainit, Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). 
Anguillidae Anguilla bicolor McClelland, 1844 Fr, Br, M native  Indonesian shortfin eel (English), Igat (Tagalog), Casili (Cebuano), Kasili (Cebuano), Anguilla (Chavacano), Kasili (Davawenyo), Indong (Hiligaynon), Nipa-nipa (Hiligaynon), Igat (Ilokano), Indong honasan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Palos (Tagalog), Kasili (Waray-waray)  123 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 280, 4537, 7050, 26129. In range Ref. 5259. 
Anguillidae Anguilla celebesensis Kaup, 1856 Fr, Br, M native  Celebes longfin eel (English), Igat (Tagalog), Casili (Cebuano), Kasili (Cebuano), Kasili (Davawenyo), Kasili (Visayan), Kasili (Waray-waray)  150 cm TL male/unsexed  Found by Herre to be common in Lake Lanao in 1923 (Ref. 280) and known to occur in isolated lakes as Nunuñgan, which is entirely surrounded by mountains, but has a subterranean outlet (Ref. 12748). In Lake Lanao, recorded in 1963-64, 1974-1977and 1982-1983; not recorded in 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. 95183). Also Ref. 7050, 26129. 
Anguillidae Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 Fr, Br, M, Aq native  Japanese eel (Tagalog), Casili (Bikol), Casili (Cebuano), Kasili (Cebuano), Kasili (Davawenyo), Ubod (Hiligaynon), Igat (Tagalog), Kasili (Waray-waray) scarce (very unlikely) 150 cm TL male/unsexed  Commercially cultured in freshwater ponds in Montalban and Novaliches, Rizal (Ref. 2858). Also Ref. 11230. 
Anguillidae Anguilla luzonensis Watanabe, Aoyama & Tsukamoto, 2009 Fr native   100.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from the upper reaches of the Pinacanauan River system, a tributary of the Cagayan River in northern Luzon Island (Ref. 83381). 
Anguillidae Anguilla malgumora Kaup, 1856 Fr, Br native   80.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Anguillidae Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 Fr, Br, Fi native  Giant mottled eel (English), Igat (Tagalog), Almang (Agutaynen), Casili (Borirawan) (Bikol), Casili (Cebuano), Kasili (Cebuano), Anguilla (Chavacano), Kasili (Davawenyo), Eel (English), Pangitan (Kagayanen), Talunasan (Kapampangan), Endong (Kuyunon), Indong honasan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Palos (Tagalog), Pubukangbinhi (Tagalog), Kasili (Visayan), Kasili (Waray-waray) common (usually seen) 70.00 cm TL male/unsexed ;200 cm TL female  Found to be rare in Lake Bombon (=Taal), except maybe at great depths (Ref. 12165, 13446). Migrated into Lake Mainit via Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 50320). Known from Pinacañauan River, Cagayan Prov.; Ilocos Sur; Bontoc, Mt. Prov.; mountains of Zambales near Iba; Laguna de Bay; Bicol River; Cabalian in Leyte; Pulangi, Mindanao; Sibuyan; Masbate; Polillo; Jolo Is.; Mindoro; Tarlac; Zamboanga; Manila (Ref. 280), and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446); Lake Lanao (Ref. 13446); and Basey River, Samar (Ref. 7223). In northern Luzon, occur in mountain streams at an altitude or more than 1,530 meters (Ref. 12748). Referred to as A. mauritiana by some authors. Also Ref. 7223, 45114, 94476. 
Pristidae Anoxypristis cuspidata (Latham, 1794) Fr, Br, M native   470 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 4735, 9859. 
Antennariidae Antennarius biocellatus (Cuvier, 1817) Fr, Br, M native   14.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223), Negros Oriental and Luzon. Also Ref. 2847. 
Aplocheilidae Aplocheilus panchax (Hamilton, 1822) Fr, Or introduced  Killie (English)  9.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Ariidae Arius dispar Herre, 1926 Fr, Br, Fi native  Sea catfish (English), Kanduli (Tagalog), Tabangongo (Tagalog)  34.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported from Los Baños, Laguna; San Fabian, Pangasinan; Navotas, Malabon, and Puerto Galera, Mindoro (Ref. 280). Collected from Laguna de Bay in 1984 and considered an excellent food fish. It is frequently hauled with A. manillensis. It has also been reported from Laguna de Bay in a 2005 assessment (Ref. 80824). It was described from a 23.5 cm specimen taken from Paco market, Manila (Ref. 12739). Museum specimens collected from various localities, LRS-84135 (Ref. 13460). Also Ref. 38478. 
Ariidae Arius manillensis Valenciennes, 1840 Fr, Br, Fi endemic  Dupit (Bikol), Ito (Cebuano), Itô (Davawenyo), Sea catfish (English), Tabangongo (Kagayanen), Tabangongo (Kuyunon), Tauti (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Kanduli (Tagalog), Tabangongo (Agutaynen), Kanduli (Bikol), Tabangongo (Bikol), Kiti-kiti (Waray-waray), Tabangungo (Waray-waray)  29.60 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported from Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824), Pasig River; Santa Cruz, Laguna; Orani, Bataan; Cavite; and Navotas, Rizal (Ref. 280). A commercial fish with a recorded catch of 745 MT in 1983 from Laguna de Bay alone. Museum specimens collected in 1984 from various localities, LRS-84133 (Ref. 13460). Also Ref. 94476. 
Atherinidae Atherinomorus duodecimalis (Valenciennes, 1835) Fr, Br, M native  Tropical silverside (English), Gono (Tagalog), Gono (Bikol), Gono (Cebuano), Gunuh (Chavacano), Guno (Davawenyo), Dagubdub (Hiligaynon), Guno (Hiligaynon), Guno (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Guno (Waray-waray)  11.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Adult, juvenile, and larvae specimens were caught by light-fishing off El Nido (Ref. 10558). Reported from Balabac, Samar, Cebu, Siquijor, Mindanao, Palawan, Culion, and Samal Is. (Ref. 9760); and Taal Lake (Ref. 12165, 13446). Also Ref. 1602, 37816. 
Atherinidae Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster, 1801) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Hardyhead silverside (English), Gono (Tagalog), Gono (Cebuano), Gunuh (Chavacano), Guno (Davawenyo), Dagubdub (Hiligaynon), Guno (Hiligaynon), Tambarasang (Hiligaynon), Ti-i (Ilokano), Guno (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Langaray pako (Tagalog), Guno (Waray-waray)  25.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Adult and juvenile specimens were caught by light-fishing off Calauit I. and El Nido (see author's remarks Ref. 10558). Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 81494, 13446). Museum: Western Calatagan, Batangas, UPZM 5244. In range Ref. 1602. 
Rivulidae Austrolebias nigripinnis (Regan, 1912) Fr introduced   7.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Introduced to Miagao, Iloilo in 1996 for mosquito control. Used for research (Ref. 13428). 
Gobiidae Awaous grammepomus (Bleeker, 1849) Fr native  Bia (Tagalog)  15.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Lagu Lagu creek, Ambacan River, and Calbiga-a creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 4833. 
Gobiidae Awaous litturatus (Steindachner, 1861) Fr, Br endemic    Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Awaous melanocephalus (Bleeker, 1849) Fr, Br, Fi native  Biang bato (Tagalog), Bukto (Ilokano), Bunog (Ilokano), Bia (Tagalog), Ipon (Tagalog), Batog (Visayan)  15.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). Included in the ipon fisheries (Ref. 11915, 13531). Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 559, 2847. 
Gobiidae Awaous ocellaris (Broussonet, 1782) Fr, Br, Fi native  Bia (Tagalog), Bunog (Ilokano)  15.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 12165, 13446), Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446) and the Cagayan River in Aparri (Ref. 108829). 
Cyprinidae Barbodes amarus Herre, 1924 Fr endemic  Dipura (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Pait (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  10.80 cm female  Described from the type specimens collected from Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (1910, 1922). Still present in the 1982 survey (Ref. 12758). Also Ref. 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes bantolanensis (Day, 1914) Fr endemic   12.40 cm SL male/unsexed  Described from specimens collected only from the type locality, Lake Manguao, near Taytay in nothern Palawan (Ref. 2933). Specimens collected in the 1989 survey from the lake (46 individuals) and from Manguao stream (3), about 2 km NW of the lake were not spearated into the two species (bantolanensis and manguaoensis)(Ref. 13489). Study conducted in 2003 showed that P. manguaoensis occupies the littoral zone while P. bantolanensis occupies the open water zone (Ref. 50862). 
Cyprinidae Barbodes baoulan Herre, 1926 Fr, Fi, Thr endemic  Baolan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Baoulan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug) scarce (very unlikely) 10.80 cm SL male/unsexed  Described from nine ripe female specimens, 8.8 - 10.8 cm, from Lake Lanao, Mindanao. The most highly prized cyprinid, used for food by the Maranaos. Caught only during the colder months and apparently the rarest and most difficult to catch (Ref. 2855). Still caught in the lake in 1963-64 (Ref. 10885). In the 1990-91 survey, only two (2) kilograms of this species was recorded; caught with gill nets along with the other species (Ref. 13448). No specimen was caught during the 2008 survey (Ref. 95183). Usually found in the littoral areas, with heavy aquatic vegetation (Ref. 13448). Also Ref. 13446, 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes, 1842) Fr, Or native  Pait (Tagalog)  20.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Found in Lake Mainit, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 13446), Lake Lanao, 1986 survey (Ref. 13446, 70969), Palawan (Ref. 68595), Bagaong River, Sablayan Bay, Mindoro; Malbato R., Port Uson, and Pagauron R., Port Caltom, Busuanga I.; Pancol and creek near Pancol, Malampaya Sound, Iwahig R., and tributaries, Malatgao and Camino rivers, near Puerto Princesa, Malinao R., Mantaquin Bay, Palawan; Zamboanga R.; Isabela R., Basilan I.; Cagayan R., Misamis Oriental, Mindanao. Collected by Herre from Lake Buluan and in a creek at Kidapauan, Cotabato; Balangkott Creek, near Linabo, Malupali R. at Mailag, Tagualmay creek, Bukidnon; Titunod R. near Kolambugan, Lanao; and Busay R. and Balactasan R., Basilan (Ref. 280). Also from Cagayan R. at Cagayan de Misamis; Talacogon, Agusan R.; and Malum R., Tawitawi. Synonyms Barbodes ivis and B. quinquemaculatus, were described from specimens caught from Balabac, Malampaya Sound and Paracan, Palawan: Concepcion and Langbuan, Busuanga, and from Zamboanga, respectively. (Ref. 2929). Museum: Palawan, Malatgau R., CAS-SU 61641. Culion, stream flowing into Halsey Harbor, CAS-SU 27622. Mindoro, CAS-SU 20213 (types of P. hemictenus); Tarogin R., CAS-SU 61643; Hacienda Waterous, Mangarin, CAS-SU 38099. Basilan, Burakan River, CAS-SU 23762. Marata Bogan, Lanao Prov., CAS-SU 38098 (Ref. 2091). Used in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12157). Also Ref. 13492. Status of B. binotatus in Lake Lanao needs further verification. It is uncertain that this species is native or introduced in Lake Lanao. Please refer to Herre 1933 (Ref. 116482) and Kornfield and Carpenter 1984 (Ref. 5950) for explanation of its distribution in the Philippines and status in Lake Lanao. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes cataractae (Fowler, 1934) Fr endemic    Described from specimens collected from Cascade River, Murcielagos Bay, Misamis Occidental, Mindanao (Ref. 280). Reported from Lake Lanao 1986 survey (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 6376.  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbodes clemensi Herre, 1924 Fr endemic  Bagangan (Tagalog), Bagangan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Manalak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Manalak (Tagalog)  23.50 cm TL male/unsexed  One of the largest of the Lanao carps. Described from the type specimen, 23.5 cm TL, and three other cotypes (11.6 - 13.7 cm) taken from Dansalan, Lake Lanao in 1921. Specimens collected by J. Clemens in 1907 were also examined (Ref. 2929, 81520). No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888) and 2008 survey (Ref. 95183). Also Ref. 13446, 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes disa Herre, 1932 Fr, Fi, Thr endemic  Disa (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Diza (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  9.20 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (Ref. 280, 81520). Still caught in the lake from 1963 to1964 (Ref. 10885). No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888). Also Ref. 13446, 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes flavifuscus Herre, 1924 Fr endemic  Tumba (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Katapa-tapa (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  10.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Type specimens were collected at Lumbatan, Lake Lanao (Ref. 13446), Mindanao (1921). Also Ref. 280, 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes hemictenus Jordan & Richardson, 1908 Fr endemic  Pait (Tagalog)  10.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens, 2.5 - 10 cm, were collected in Sabaan River, near Lake Naujan, Mindoro (Ref. 13446); also from Mamboc River, a tributary of Lake Naujan and from its type locality, the Baco River on the north east coast of Mindoro (Ref. 2929). Also reported from streams flowing into Mangarin Bay, Mindoro (Ref. 280). Reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 13446, 80679). It is either a valid species or a geographical race of P. binotatus (Ref. 2091).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbodes herrei (Fowler, 1934) Fr endemic    Known only from Lake Lanao. No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888) and 2008 survey (Ref. 95183). Also Ref. 13446, 94476.  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbodes ivis (Seale, 1910) Fr native    Type locality, small stream near Balabac, Balabac (Ref. 94476).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbodes joaquinae (Wood, 1968) Fr native    Type locality, small stream from tiny Basak Lake to the Agus River, nearest barrio, Saguiaren, Lanao del Sur, Mindanao, Philippines (Ref. 83763).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbodes katolo Herre, 1924 Fr endemic  Katolo (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  11.00 cm SL male/unsexed ;9.50 cm female  Described from specimens, 9.5 - 11 cm, collected from the type locality, Dansalan, Lake Lanao (1921) (Refs. 2929, 13446). No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888) and 1963-94, 1973-1977,1983-83, 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. 95183). Also Ref. 280, 3881, 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes lanaoensis Herre, 1924 Fr, Thr endemic  Kandar (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Kundur (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  9.40 cm SL male/unsexed ;11.80 cm female  Described from eight female specimens, 7.8 - 11.8, collected at the type locality, Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (1921, 1922) (Ref. 2929). Still present in a 1982 survey (Ref. 12758). No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888). Also Refs. 3881, 13446, 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes lindog Herre, 1924 Fr, Fi, Thr endemic  Lindog (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  13.20 cm TL male/unsexed  Considered as the most important fish of Lake Lanao and next to P. baoulan, is the most-prized cyprinid. Described specimens were collected from the type locality, Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (1921). Once caught in enormous quantities using fine-meshed gill nets among pond weeds of shallow bays of the lake (Ref. 2929). Still caught in the lake from 1963 to 1964 (Ref. 10885). Still present in a 1982 survey (Ref. 12758), 1973-77, 1982-83, 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. 95183). No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888). Also Refs. 3881, 13446, 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes manalak Herre, 1924 Fr, Fi, Thr endemic  Manalak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  31.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Described from specimens, 18.2 - 24 cm, collected from the type locality Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (1907, 1921). The longest and bulkiest carp of the lake, but not especially prized for food. Caught with gill nets (Ref. 2929). Still caught in the lake from 1963 to 1964 (Ref. 10885). No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888) and 1975-76, 1982-83, 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. 95183). Also Ref. 280, 3881, 13446, 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes manguaoensis (Day, 1914) Fr endemic   14.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Described from the type specimens, 9.4 and 14 cm, collected from Lake Manguao, near Taytay in northern Palawan (1913). Known only to be abundant in 1913, biting hooks and nibbling at fingers held underwater (Ref. 2929). Specimens collected in the 1989 survey from the lake (46 individuals) and from Manguao stream (3), about 2 km NW of the lake were not spearated into the two species (bantolanensis and manguaoensis) (Ref. 13489). Study conducted in 2003 showed that P. manguaoensis occupies the littoral zone while P. bantolanensis occupies the open water zone (Ref. 50862). 
Cyprinidae Barbodes montanoi (Sauvage, 1881) Fr endemic   9.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Described only from the type specimen collected from Simulao River, a tributary of the Agusan River, Agusan, Mindanao (1881) (Ref. 2929).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbodes pachycheilus (Herre, 1924) Fr endemic   13.40 cm TL female  Description based on a single specimen, 13.4 TL, caught by Herre at the type locality, Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao in 1921 (Ref. 2929). No specimen was caught during the 1994 sampling (Ref. 10888). Also Ref. 280, 94476.  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbodes palaemophagus (Herre, 1924) Fr endemic  Bitungu (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  12.80 cm TL male/unsexed  Described from the type and single specimen, 12.8 cm TL, collected by Herre at Lumbatan, a town on the south shore of Lake Lanao, Mindanao (Ref. 2929). Reported from 1986 survey by Mercene (Ref. 13446). No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888) and 1976, 1977, 1982-83, 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. 95183). Also Ref. 280, 70969, 94476.  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbodes palata Herre, 1924 Fr, Fi endemic  Kandar (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Manobud (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Palata (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  14.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Described from ten type specimens, 9.7 - 11.2 cm, collected from Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (Ref. 2929). Still present in a 1982 survey (Ref. 12758). Also Ref. 3881, 70969. Reported from 1986 survey by Mercene (Ref. 13446) 
Cyprinidae Barbodes palavanensis (Boulenger, 1895) Fr native    Known from Palawan (Ref. 94476).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbodes quinquemaculatus (Seale & Bean, 1907) Fr native    Type locality, Zamboanga, Mindanao (Ref. 94476).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbodes resinus (Herre, 1924) Fr, Fi endemic  Bagañgan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Bagangan sa erungan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  22.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Seven specimens, 13.3 - 17.6 cm, were collected by Herre in 1922 from the type locality, the rapids of the Agus, just below Dansalan bridge a short distance from Lake Lanao; caught using hook and line (Ref. 2929, 70969). Reported from 1986 survey by Mercene (Ref. 13446). No specimens were collected during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbodes sirang Herre, 1932 Fr, Fi endemic  Sirang (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Tumaginting (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug) occasional (usually not seen) 12.40 cm TL male/unsexed  Type specimens collected from Lumbatan and Dansalan, Lake Lanao in 1932 (Ref. 280). Escudero et al. (Ref. 10885) reported that juveniles and mature individuals are found in all months of their sampling; with spawning peak between October and March. Roughly represented 50% of monthly catch of local fishermen from Feb. 1974 to June 1977. Caught by means of libut, operated like a purse seine and fishing is limited to the southern part of the lake. In 1980, still the most abundant species sold daily at Marawi City at relatively cheap price (Ref. 10885). Recorded in a 1982 survey (Ref. 12758). According to a 1990-91 market survey, sirang still ranked third among the lake's finfishes, where fishery is concentrated in the deeper portion, still at the southern part of the lake. An average of 5 to 10 kg of fish (P300-600) are taken in a night's operation (Ref. 13448). A number of samples were caught during the 1994 expedition on the northeastern shore of the lake, from a 10-12 m wide stream with brown-colored waters (Ref. 10888). Not recorded during the 1975, 1976, 1982-83, 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. 95183). Also Ref. 13446, 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes tras Herre, 1926 Fr endemic  Tras (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug) scarce (very unlikely) 12.60 cm SL male/unsexed  Description based from the type and only specimen, 12.6 cm, collected at Camp Keithley, Lanao. No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888) and 1997, 1982-83, 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. 95183). Also Refs. 280, 13446, 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes truncatulus (Herre, 1924) Fr endemic  Bitungu (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  13.30 cm TL male/unsexed  Type specimen was collected in 1921 from Dansalan, Lake Lanao, together with Barbodes katolo (Ref. 2929). No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888) and 2008 survey (Ref. 95183). Also Ref. 280, 12255, 13446, 70969, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes tumba Herre, 1924 Fr, Fi endemic  Tumba (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug) scarce (very unlikely) 12.80 cm SL male/unsexed  Described by Herre from specimens taken from Siwagat River, a stream in the mountains east of Lake Lanao; Lake Uyaan; Lake Nunuñgan, Cotabato; and from an outlet of Lake Dapao, Lanao del Sur. Also occurs in Butig, Lanao (Ref. 2929, 13446, 70969). Recorded in a 1982 survey (Ref. 12758), 1963-64, 1973-77, 1982-83, 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. 95183). In the 1990-91 survey, 292 kg were recorded. Caught mainly with fish pots, hook and line, and hand fishing (Ref. 13448). A number of specimens were collected during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 10888). Also Ref. 94476. 
Cyprinidae Barbodes umalii (Wood, 1968) Fr native    Type locality, Agus River, Barrio Matampay, Mindanao (Ref. 83763).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbonymus collingwoodii (Günther, 1868) Fr questionable   21.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported as endemic to Lake Lanao and recorded in a 1986 survey (Ref. 13446). 
Cyprinidae Barbonymus gonionotus (Bleeker, 1849) Fr, Aq introduced  Silver barb (English), Tawes (Tagalog)  40.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Well established in rivers and lakes, where it reproduces naturally (Ref. 13686). Found in Laguna Lake (Ref. 80824). Also Ref. 12157. 
Gobiidae Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell, 1830) Fr, Br, M native  Bia (Tagalog)  12.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Kiga creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 1602. 
Eleotridae Belobranchus belobranchus (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr, Br native  Batingulo (Visayan)  19.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek, Lagu Lagu creek, and Ambacan River at Makinhas and Butigan, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223) and reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 2847, 7050.  No picture yet.
Terapontidae Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell, 1838) Fr, Ft not established   40.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Roger Pullin, pers. comm. 
Gobiidae Boleophthalmus boddarti (Pallas, 1770) Fr, Br, M native  Bia (Tagalog)  22.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Eleotridae Bostrychus albooculata (Herre, 1927) Fr native    Type locality, small stream at Taytay, Palawan (Ref. 85815).  No picture yet.
Eleotridae Bostrychus expatria (Herre, 1927) Fr endemic  Bulokot (Not specified)  14.40 cm male/unsexed  Described from the type (7.6 cm) and 5 cotypes (6.5 - 14.4 cm) collected by Day. Another 16 specimens were caught by Day in Lake Manguao in 1913 and it is very likely that the types were also taken from here (Ref. 439). Collected specimens in 2002 were from the littoral and open water zones of Lake Manguao, observed to be carnivorous nocturnal species (Ref. 050862). 
Gobiidae Brachygobius aggregatus Herre, 1940 Fr, Br native  Bia (Tagalog)  4.40 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Inuntan, Basey River, Samar and San Jose, Dulag, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Type locality: Kabili River, Dumaguete (Ref. 43716). Also Ref. 7050, 11081, 94476. 
Eleotridae Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker, 1853) Fr native  Boto-bot (Ilokano), Bunak (Not specified)  34.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Type localities of the following: Boroda francoi: Dagupan River, Pangasinan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines; Bunaka sticta: Tagaloan River at Tagaloan, Oriental Misamis Province, Mindanao, Philippines (Ref. 83763). Bunaka pinguis: Dumaguete River, Negros Oriental, 13.6 cm male. Also collected from Pulangui R., near Reina Regente, Cotabato; Abra R., near Bengued, Abra; Lapid Lapid R., Tawi Tawi in 1924; Kabatohan R., near Iba, Zambales; Kabulig R., Nueva Vizcaya near Casiguran; San Jose, Antique; Pasig R. (1925-6) (Ref. 439). 
Eleotridae Butis amboinensis (Bleeker, 1853) Fr, Br, M native  Biyang sunog (Tagalog), Kaple (Tagalog), Susunog (Tagalog)  14.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Kiga creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte and from Inuntan, Basey River, Samar in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 2847, 7050. 
Eleotridae Butis butis (Hamilton, 1822) Fr, Br, M native  Pasel (Ibanag)  15.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Laguna de Bay, Luzon; Panay; Mindoro; Negros Oriental; Busuanga; Mindanao (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 6802. 
Eleotridae Butis gymnopomus (Bleeker, 1853) Fr, Br, M native   11.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from San Jose, Dulag, Leyte and Sohoton Cave, Basey River, Samar in 1993 (Ref. 7223).  No picture yet.
Eleotridae Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker, 1849) Fr, Br, M native   10.70 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Pasig River and Iloilo (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 6802, 092840. 
Gobiidae Caecogobius cryptophthalmus Berti & Ercolini, 1991 Fr endemic    Museum: Calbiga Cave System, Samar Island, MSNVR 1262 (holotype, 7.65 cm SL) (Ref. 43716).  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Callogobius hasseltii (Bleeker, 1851) Fr, Br, M native  Bia (Tagalog)  7.30 cm TL male/unsexed  Museum: Jolo, Jolo Island, Sulu Province, BSMP 3575 (destroyed, holotype of Macgregorella moroana Seale, 1910) (Ref. 280, 50838) Specimens were collected from Kiga and Calbiga-a creeks, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 1602. 
Gobiidae Caragobius urolepis (Bleeker, 1852) Fr, Br native  Bia (Tagalog)  8.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Seven specimens of Caragobius typhlops Smith and Seale, 1906, were collected from the Rio Grande de Mindanao, Cotabato by Dr. Morse in 1903. These specimens are mutilated in condition of the dorsal, anal, and caudal fins that description is imperfect (Ref. 439). La Libertad, Oriental Negros, BSMP 13024 (7, destroyed, seen by Koumans) syntypes of Brachyamblyopus olivaceus Herre, 1927 (Ref. 46206). Also Ref. 2847, 94476. 
Cyprinidae Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Aq introduced  Goldfish (English), karpita (Tagalog), Tawes (Tagalog)  48.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Introduced in Trinidad River between Baguio and the Trinidad Farm School, Mountain Province by a Japanese and has become established (Ref. 280). Reported from Ambacan River at Butigan and Layog River at Balinsasayao, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223); Taal (Ref. 12165, 81494,13446); and Gold Coast, Tondo Manila as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). Museum specimens collected in 1984 from various localities, LRS-84127 (Ref. 13460). This aquarium fish is propagated through breeding and is a secondary food fish in Laguna de Bay (also Ref. 80824). 
Cyprinidae Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Fi, Aq introduced  Wild goldfish (English)  64.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucas (Müller & Henle, 1839) Fr, Br, M native  Pating (Tagalog)  360 cm TL male/unsexed ;400 cm TL female  Records obtained from Pasil, Cebu and Dapitan City, Zamboanga del Norte (Ref. 47737) and Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104756). Also Ref. 244, 6871, 9997, 47930, 280, 707, 47736, 110893. 
Ariidae Cephalocassis manillensis (Valenciennes, 1840) Fr, Br endemic   26.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from Manila. Occurs in lower reaches of large rivers. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. 
Mugilidae Cestraeus goldiei (Macleay, 1883) Fr, Br native  Banak (Tagalog), Balanak (Kapampangan)  40.00 cm FL male/unsexed  Recorded from Cagayan River and tributaries (Ref. 108832).  No picture yet.
Mugilidae Cestraeus oxyrhyncus Valenciennes, 1836 Fr, Br native  Banak (Tagalog)  39.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Recorded from Cagayan River and tributaries (Ref. 108832). 
Mugilidae Cestraeus plicatilis Valenciennes, 1836 Fr, Br, M, Ft native  Goldie river mullet (English), Ludong (Tagalog), Banak (Tagalog)  32.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from Cagayan River. Found in Regions I, II, and CAR (Cordillera Autonomous Region) according to BFAR-NIFEDC (National Integrated Fisheries Technology Development Center). Collected from Nagtipunan, Quirino Province as specimen for living museum (Ref. 81820). 
Channidae Channa maculata (Lacepède, 1801) Fr native   20.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Channidae Channa melasoma (Bleeker, 1851) Fr native   30.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported from the three specimens collected by Everett from Balabac Is. However, no material was seen by Herre (Ref. 2854). Reported from Palawan (Ref. 2091); Paitan Lake and Pantabangan Dam (Nueva Ecija) (Ref. 109918). 
Channidae Channa striata (Bloch, 1793) Fr, Fi, Aq introduced  Anak dalag (Tagalog), Obog (Banton), Bulig (Bikol), Haroan (Bikol), Sulbud (Bikol), Talosog (Bikol), Terebog (Bikol), Torabó (Bikol), Utan (Bikol), Mudfish (English), Murrel (English), Snakehead mudfish (English), Dalag (Ilokano), Bundaki (Kapampangan), Lawag (Kuyunon), Aluan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Amanu (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Dalag (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Dalak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Guelue-guelue (Pangasinan), Bakuli (Tagalog), Bulig (Tagalog), Bundaki (Tagalog), Bundalag (Tagalog), Dalag (Tagalog), Aluan (Visayan), Haluan (Visayan), Haruan (Visayan) common (usually seen) 100.00 cm SL male/unsexed 25 Status to be confirmed; recorded as introduced (Ref. 6565). Known from Lagu Lagu creek and Layog River at Balinsasayao, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223); Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824); Lake Mainit (Ref. 4867, 50320, 13446, 81829); Lake Lanao, Lanao del Sur (Ref. 13446, 95183); Lake Sebu in Cotabato; Lake Balinsasayao in Negros Oriental, near Dumaguete (Ref. 2854); Lake Buluan (Ref. 13492); Naujan lake (Ref. 13446); Manguao Lake in a study in 2003, common in the littoral zone where the aquatic macrophytes are, they are carnivorous, scavengers and nocturnal (Ref. 50862); and Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Fairly common in Lake Bombon (=Taal) (Ref. 12165, 13446) and reported as part of gill net catch composition in Talisay area, Taal Lake (Ref. 81207, 13446). Caught in Lake Manguao by gill net and by hook and line (Ref. 13489). Collected from CLSU fish pond, Nueva Ecija (Ref. 81820). An important food fish. Previously cultured in the past (Ref. 7306, 12548). Recorded as having been or being farmed in rice fields (Ref. 119549). Also Ref. 2847, 12547, 12744, 36654, 41236. 
Chanidae Chanos chanos (Forsskål, 1775) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Aq, Rstr native  Bangus (Agutaynen), Bangyos (Banton), Awa (Bikol), Bangus (Bolinao), Bangus (Cebuano), Bagus (Chavacano), Bangus (Davawenyo), Milkfish (English), Bangrus (Hiligaynon), Bangus (Ilokano), Bangus (Kagayanen), Bangos (Kapampangan), Bangus (Kuyunon), Bandong (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Awa (Pangasinan), Bangus (Surigaonon), Bangus (Tagalog), Modbod (Visayan), Bangrus (Waray-waray), Banglus (Bikol), Bangrus (Bikol), Bangus (Bikol), Banlus (Bikol), Awa (Cebuano), Bangros (Hiligaynon), Awa (Ilokano), Banglot (Ilokano), Bugi (Ilokano), Balayongan (Kuyunon), Banglos (Kuyunon), Buto bangolos (Kuyunon), Bangilis (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Bangos (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Bangus (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Buetil (Pangasinan), Banglis (Tagalog), Banglos (Tagalog), Bangos (Tagalog), Bangris (Tagalog), Garongin (Tagalog), Kakawag (Tagalog), Kawag-kawag (Tagalog), Lumulokso (Tagalog), Sabalo (Tagalog), Awa (Visayan), Awa-awa (Visayan), Banato (Visayan), Banglis (Visayan), Banglus (Visayan), Bangos (Visayan), Bangros (Visayan), Bangus (Waray-waray), Buro (Tagalog), Daeng (Tagalog) abundant (always seen in some numbers) 180 cm SL male/unsexed ;124 cm SL female 65 TL Known from Marinduque (Ref. 58652). Reported from Lake Buluan (Ref. 13492), Lake Lanao, Lake Taal, Lake Naujan (13446), and Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104756). Migrated into Lake Mainit via Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 13446). A very important food fish; cultured in fishponds, pens or cages in Laguna de Bay and all over the country (Ref. 80824). Recorded as having been or being farmed in rice fields (Ref. 119549). No fishery for adult milkfish as it is illegal to catch them. Incidentally caught by various gears in coastal waters (Ref. 9814). Used to have a fishery for migrating adults from Naujan Lake and Taal Lake (Bagarinao, pers. Comm.) (Ref. 81207). Museum specimens collected in 1983-4 from various localities, LRS-83109 (Ref. 13460). Also Ref. 49, 393, 9987, 12547, 12550, 12868. 
Notopteridae Chitala chitala (Hamilton, 1822) Fr introduced   122 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported from AQUAGEM Maharlika Hi-way, Cabanatuan City as specimen for the living fish museum (Ref. 81820). A major invasive species in Laguna de Bay. The government has launched a major effort to contain knife fish infestation (Ref. 94176). Also Ref. 57864. 
Notopteridae Chitala ornata (Gray, 1831) Fr introduced  abundant (always seen in some numbers) 100.00 cm SL male/unsexed  An invasive species recorded from Laguna de Bay (Ref. 94182). 
Cyprinidae Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch, 1795) Fr, Aq introduced   100.00 cm SL male/unsexed   
Clariidae Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, Fi, Aq, Or introduced  Thai hito (English), Hitong batukan (Tagalog), Pantat (Banton), Hito (Bikol), Paltat (Ilokano), Ito (Kapampangan), Kawatsi (Kuyunon), Pantat (Pangasinan), Hito (Tagalog), Pantat (Tagalog), Alimudan (Visayan)  47.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known Ambacan River at Makinhas and Butigan, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223), Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829), Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824), Lake Buluan (Ref. 13492), Lake Taal (Ref. 13446), Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446, 81829), Paoay Lake (Ref. 80830), Lake Lanao (Ref. 81887, 95183), and Lake Mainit, Mindanao (Ref. 4867). Also recorded from Paitan Lake, Pantabangan Dam, and Tabuating River (Nueva Ecija) (Ref. 109918). Completely dominated natural populations in lakes and rivers and the indigenous Clarias macrocephalus which can hardly be found in the markets today. Occurs in swamps, ponds, ditches, rice paddies, and pools left in low spots after rivers have flooded (Ref. 2854). Also Ref. 1739, 6096, 7050, 12550, 36654, 43638. 
Clariidae Clarias fuscus (Lacepède, 1803) Fr native   24.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported from Vigan, Ilocos Sur and San Fernando, La Union (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 4537. 
Clariidae Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) Fr, Aq introduced   170 cm TL male/unsexed  Introduced from Taiwan in 1985 (Ref. 6096) and Thailand in 1985 (Ref. 13686). Introduced in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Also Ref. 13446. 
Clariidae Clarias macrocephalus Günther, 1864 Fr, Fi, Aq native  Hito (Tagalog), Catfish (English), Native catfish (English), Alimudan (Visayan)  120 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Taal Lake in 1995 (Ref. 13446), Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824) and Lake Lanao (Ref. 95183). Collected from Cuyapo, Nueva Ecija as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). Found in a muddy substrate and shallow water of Lake Manguao (Ref. 50862). Known as the native hito. Usually cooked as 'inihaw'. 
Clariidae Clarias meladerma Bleeker, 1846 Fr native   35.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 7050. 
Clariidae Clarias nieuhofii Valenciennes, 1840 Fr native   50.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Lake Bato, Camarines Sur as C. gilli (Ref. 280). According to Herre 1924, examination of the type of C. nieuhofii will decide the validity of C. gilli Smith & Seale 1906 as a distinct species. The latter species was found common over Mindanao and in southeastern Luzon, specimens were collected from a market at Tituan, on the Rio Grande de Mindanao, from Malupali River, Mailag, Bukidnon, and in a brook near Santa Fe, Bukidnon (Ref. 2854). Also Ref. 7050. 
Clupeidae Clupea manulensis Marion de Procé, 1822 Fr, Br native    Type locality, Manila Bay (Ref. 85815).  No picture yet.
Serrasalmidae Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier, 1816) Fr introduced   108 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from Metro Manila and Laguna Province. 
Cichlidae Coptodon zillii (Gervais, 1848) Fr, Ft introduced  Zill's tilapia (English)  40.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Recorded from Luzon lakes and ponds. Reported from Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824). Recorded as having been or being farmed in rice fields (Ref. 119549). 
Callichthyidae Corydoras aeneus (Gill, 1858) Fr introduced  Bronze catfish (English), Corydoras albino (English)  7.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Collected from FAC, Munoz Nueva Ecija as specimen for fish living museum (Ref. 81820). Questionable (NB). 
Mugilidae Crenimugil heterocheilos (Bleeker, 1855) Fr, Br, M native  Banak (Tagalog)  50.00 cm SL male/unsexed    No picture yet.
Mugilidae Crenimugil seheli (Forsskål, 1775) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Bluespot mullet (English), Talilong (Tagalog), Balanak (Agutaynen), Aguas (Bikol), Araran (Bikol), Saranaa (Bikol), Tabudyos (Bikol), Gisaw (Cebuano), Banak (Chavacano), Lisas (Chavacano), Banak (Davawenyo), Gisaw (Davawenyo), Gisaw (Hiligaynon), Tungkaw (Hiligaynon), Lapes (Ilokano), Ludong (Ilokano), Lumitog (Ilokano), Lurung (Ilokano), Pasga (Ilokano), Balanak (Kagayanen), Banak (Kuyunon), Balanak (Magindanaon), Banak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Agwas (Tagalog), Asubi (Tagalog), Balungain (Tagalog), Banak (Tagalog), Bilungan (Tagalog), Gagapang (Tagalog), Kapak (Tagalog), Lumitog (Tagalog), Sumalapau (Tagalog), Tandipil (Tagalog), Lampuhan (Visayan), Pili (Visayan), Balanak (Waray-waray), Banak (Waray-waray)  60.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from Matnog, Sorsogon (Ref. 58652). Museum: Taytay fish market, FRLM 12146. In range Ref. 1602. Caught as adults and fry in river mouths (e.g. Cagayan river); apparently overfished (article in Inquirer, 17 Nov. 1998). 
Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes, 1844) Fr, Fi, Aq not established   150 cm TL male/unsexed  Established in aquaculture through assisted/artificial reproduction. Has not established in the wild (Ref. 1739). Cultured in Angat reservoir (Ref. 13464). 
Cyprinidae Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes, 1842) Fr native   23.00 cm SL male/unsexed  The single specimen, collected by Robert B. Fox , was found by T. R. Roberts among unidentified material in the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources in Intramuros, Manila in 1975. Museum: Iwahig river, Palawan, CAS 53949. Also Ref. 43281. 
Cyprinidae Cyclocheilichthys schoppeae Cervancia & Kottelat, 2007 Fr endemic   10.37 cm SL male/unsexed  Presently found only in the Barbacan (Municipality of Roxas), Abongan (Municipality of Taytay) and Babuyan (Puerto Princesa City) drainages (Ref. 57971). Occurs in streams, medium and large rivers with clear, slowly moving to relatively fast flowing water, with gravel and muddy substrate (Ref. 57971). Also Ref. 94476. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Cynoglossidae Cynoglossus puncticeps (Richardson, 1846) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Speckled tonguesole (English), Maladpalad (Agutaynen), Dapa (Bikol), Palad (Bikol), Palad (Cebuano), Kulampira-bato (Chavacano), Pad-pad (Davawenyo), Speckled toungesole (English), Palad (Hiligaynon), Ararali (Ibanag), Palad (Kuyunon), Kulampira (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Dapang sinilas (Tagalog), Dapang tsinelas (Tagalog), Dali dali (Visayan), Malad-palad (Visayan), Pahot (Waray-waray), Palad (Waray-waray) abundant (always seen in some numbers) 35.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected during the U.S.N. Eclipse Expedition and 'Albatross' from Cotabato, Mindanao, central and eastern Visayas to southern Philippines (Ref. 11790). Museum: ANSP 63524, 82548; LACM 42475 - 47. Also Ref. 2107, 9494, 4833. 
Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, Fi, Aq introduced  Karpa (Tagalog), Common carp (English), Bongka'ong (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug) common (usually seen) 120 cm TL male/unsexed  In 1915, two thousand fry were brought from Hong Kong to Manila upon the suggestion of Alvin Seale. Most of these were placed in a pond at Dulauan, Cotabato. When the Rio Grande de Mindanao flooded, the fish escaped and established in the Pulangi and its tributaries between Dulauan and Fort Pikit. Fry were also introduced in lakes Dapao and Nunungan, Lanao in 1916 (Ref. 2929). Introduced to Lake Mainit, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 50320, 13446, 81829);including Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829), lakes Naujan and Taal (Ref. 13446); Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824); Lake Paoay, Ilocos Norte; Magat R, Nueva Viscaya; Lake Bato and Lake Buhi, Camarines Sur; Cagayan River, Isabela (Ref. 280); Lake Buluan (Ref. 13492); and Lake Lanao (Ref. 13446, 81887, 95183). Collected from CLSU fish pond, Nueva Ecija and Lake Taal Laurel, Batangas as a living specimen (Ref. 81820). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Recorded as having been or being farmed in rice fields (Ref. 119549). Museum specimens collected in 1983 from the south bay, LRS-83115 (Ref. 13460). Also Ref. 1739, 4867, 28007, 4735. 
Cyprinidae Danio rerio (Hamilton, 1822) Fr introduced  Zebra danio (English), Zebra fish (English)  3.80 cm SL male/unsexed  Collected from FAC Circular tanks, Munoz Nueva Ecija as specimen of living fish museum (Ref. 81820). 
Zenarchopteridae Dermogenys bispina Meisner & Collette, 1998 Fr native    There were 69 specimens (2.92-5.56 cm SL) that were collected from Busuanga Island, Paugauron River, Port Caltour (Ref. 44897).  No picture yet.
Zenarchopteridae Dermogenys palawanensis Meisner, 2001 Fr endemic    Type locality, Estrella falls near Narra, tributary of Malatgao R., about 80-100 km south of Puerto Princesa, Palawan (Ref. 40966). Reported from Lake Manguao; 2003 study showed that this surface dwelling species feed on plankton and neuston, thrive in the littoral zone and are viviparous (Ref. 050862). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. 
Zenarchopteridae Dermogenys pusilla Kuhl & van Hasselt, 1823 Fr questionable  Needle gar (English)  16.10 cm TL male/unsexed  Collected from Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Also Ref. 280, 12157. Outside distributional range, occurrence needs further confirmation. 
Zenarchopteridae Dermogenys robertsi Meisner, 2001 Fr endemic    Type locality, Wayan R. at Bario San Nicolas, Busuanga I., Palawan Prov. (Ref. 40966). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Tetraodontidae Dichotomyctere nigroviridis (Marion de Procé, 1822) Fr native   17.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Museum: BMNH no reg. no.  
Syngnathidae Doryichthys boaja (Bleeker, 1850) Fr native   41.00 cm SL male/unsexed   
Syngnathidae Doryichthys martensii (Peters, 1868) Fr native   15.00 cm SL male/unsexed   
Dussumieriidae Dussumieria acuta Valenciennes, 1847 Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Tulis (Bikol), Tamban (Cebuano), Tamban (Chavacano), Tamban (Davawenyo), Rainbow sardine (English), Balantiong (Hiligaynon), Tulis (Ilokano), Balantyong (Kagayanen), Kasig (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Tulis (Pangasinan), Tamban (Surigaonon), Tamban (Tagalog), Balatiyong (Visayan), Hilos-hilos (Waray-waray), Alabaybay (Bikol), Balantyong (Cebuano), Tunsoy (Cebuano), Tamban Hilos (Davawenyo), Bud-bud (Hiligaynon), Balid-bid (Ilokano), Tulis (Tagalog), Tunsoy (Tagalog)  20.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Recorded from Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104756). Separate statistics recorded for this country (Ref. 188). Anadromous in the country (Ref. 4735). Inland record from Palawan (Ref. 94476). Also Ref. 393, 2858, 4931. 
Muraenidae Echidna leucotaenia Schultz, 1943 Fr, Br, M native   75.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 94476. 
Muraenidae Echidna rhodochilus Bleeker, 1863 Fr, Br, M native   33.80 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Reported from the river mouth near Iba, Zambales; Palanas, Lemery, Batangas; Masbate; Agno River, Pangasinan; Dumaguete, Negros Oriental; Cagayan, Misamis Oriental, Mindanao (Ref. 280). 
Eleotridae Eleotris acanthopoma Bleeker, 1853 Fr, Br, M native   14.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek, Kiga creek, Ambacan River at Baybay, and in the vicinity of Daguitan bridge, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). 
Eleotridae Eleotris fusca (Forster, 1801) Fr, Br, M native  Mulug (Bikol), Batingulo (Visayan)  26.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected in 1993 from Calbiga-a creek, Lagu Lagu creek, a small creek in Guadalupe, Daguitan bridge, and Ambacan River at Butigan and Baybay, Leyte (Ref. 7223). Reported in Taal Lake (Ref. 80679, 13446). Also Ref. 6802. 
Eleotridae Eleotris mauritiana Bennett, 1832 Fr native   25.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446) 
Eleotridae Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker, 1853 Fr, Br, Fi native  Ipon (Tagalog), Virot (Ilokano)  26.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected in 1993 from Kiga creek, Lagu Lagu creek, a small creek in Guadalupe, Leyte and from Sohoton Cave, Basey River, Samar (Ref. 7223). An ipon fish in Ilocos (Ref. 13531). Also Ref. 6802, 11344. 
Polynemidae Eleutheronema tetradactylum (Shaw, 1804) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Fourfinger threadfin (English), Mamale (Tagalog), Pugao (Banton), Buka-dulce (Bikol), Bungot (Bikol), Hugao (Bikol), Kugao (Bikol), Tigi' (Bikol), Banakon (Cebuano), Boka dulse (Chavacano), Tigi (Davawenyo), Kugaw (Hiligaynon), Tabarara (Ilokano), Hugau (Kuyunon), Bukadolse (Magindanaon), Kagau (Pangasinan), Bikau (Tagalog), Mamali (Tagalog), Kugaw (Waray-waray), Mamale (Waray-waray)  200 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported in Taal Lake (Ref. 80679, 13446). Also Ref. 3408, 41639. 
Mugilidae Ellochelon vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Square-tail mullet (English), Bunti (Tagalog), Balanak (Agutaynen), Agwas (Bikol), Balanak (Bikol), Banak (Cebuano), Gisaw (Cebuano), Banak (Chavacano), Lisas (Chavacano), Gapang (Davawenyo), Diamond-scale mullet (English), Large-scale finned mullet (English), Balanak (Hiligaynon), Ugapang (Hiligaynon), Bukasing (Ilokano), Balanak (Kagayanen), Banak (Kuyunon), Balanak (Magindanaon), Banak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Aguas (Tagalog), Banak (Tagalog), Ngapang (Tagalog), Talilong (Tagalog), Ugapang (Tagalog), Gagapan (Visayan), Balanak (Waray-waray), Banak (Waray-waray)  63.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from Puerto Princesa, Palawan (Ref. 58652). Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). Sold fresh and dried in Metro Manila markets and is one of the major dried products being sold. Roe is marketed as a salted product in the Visayas (Ref. 2858). Also Ref. 1602. 
Elopidae Elops hawaiensis Regan, 1909 Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Hawaiian ladyfish (English), Bid-bid (Tagalog), Awa (Banton), Bidbid (Bikol), Kugao (Bikol), Lulong (Bikol), Tangiron (Bikol), Bayedbed (Bolinao), Bulan-bulan (Cebuano), Tuloy (Cebuano), Awa (Davawenyo), Awa (Hiligaynon), Bid-bid (Ilokano), Bidbid (Ilokano), Bidbid (Kapampangan), Bedbed (Kuyunon), Ua (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Bayirbir (Pangasinan), Bidbid (Pangasinan), Balila (Surigaonon), Bidbid (Tagalog), Bidbir (Tagalog), Mid-bid (Tagalog), Alho (Visayan), Awa (Waray-waray), Bid-bid (Waray-waray), Medbed (Waray-waray)  120 cm SL male/unsexed  Migrated into Lake Mainit via the Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 13446). Reported from Dampalit, Malabon; Orani, Bataan; Balayan, Batangas; Bulan, Sorsogon; Dumaguete, Negros Oriental; Zamboanga, Mindanao (Ref. 280), and Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824). 
Serranidae Epinephelus polystigma (Bleeker, 1853) Fr, Br native  Lapu lapu (Tagalog), Bulang (Agutaynen), Lapu-lapu (Cebuano), Pugapo (Cebuano), Lapu-lapu (Davawenyo), Kurapu (Ilokano), Lapu-lapu (Kapampangan), Lapu-lapu (Tagalog)  48.00 cm TL male/unsexed   A 19 cm SL female specimen from the Philippines was found ripe (Ref. 5222). Museum: Luzon, Lagonoy Gulf, USNM 184602. Near mouth of Tayabas River, USNM 184603. Also Ref. 4787, 90102, 89707. 
Gobiidae Eugnathogobius illotus (Larson, 1999) Fr, Br, M native    Collected from a fish market at Sorsogon, Sorsogon Bay, Bikol; also recorded from Capiz, Panay (Ref. 43716). Environment needs verification. 
Gobiidae Exyrias volcanus (Herre, 1927) Fr endemic  Goby (English), Bia (Tagalog)  10.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Described from a 10 cm holotype caught in Lake Taal, Batangas, Luzon (Ref. 439). Caught with hook and line and used for food (Ref. 12752). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 280, 13446.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker, 1854) Fr, Br, M native  Bia (Tagalog)  8.30 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected in 1993 from Kiga creek, Ambacan River at Baybay, and San Jose Dulag, Leyte and Inuntan, Basey River, Samar (Ref. 7223). 
Fundulidae Fundulus heteroclitus (Linnaeus, 1766) Fr introduced   15.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Poeciliidae Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard, 1853) Fr, Br, Or introduced  Isdang canal (Tagalog)  5.10 cm TL male/unsexed ;7.00 cm TL female  Alvin Seale brought 24 individuals of this fish to Manila from Honolulu, Hawaii, to be used to control mosquito (Ref. 6348). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Known from Bombon (=Taal) lake (Ref. 12165). Also Ref. 6346, 6348 and 12157. 
Gerreidae Gerres filamentosus Cuvier, 1829 Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Whipfin silver-biddy (English), Malabon (Tagalog), Batuhanon (Visayan), Amolok (Agutaynen), Yatab (Banton), Kapas (Bikol), Latab (Bikol), Malagapas (Bikol), Sakalan (Bikol), Batwanon (Cebuano), Putihan (Cebuano), Samolok (Cebuano), Lamurok (Chavacano), Samin-samin (Davawenyo), Samok (Davawenyo), Whipfin mojarra (English), Latab (Hiligaynon), Batuan (Ilokano), Malakapas (Ilokano), Amorok (Kagayanen), Malakapas (Kapampangan), Amorok (Kuyunon), Putih mata (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Batuan (Pangasinan), Malakapas (Pangasinan), Latab (Surigaonon), Malacapas may lawi (Tagalog), Malakapas (Tagalog), Manabon (Tagalog), Manubon (Tagalog), Putian (Visayan), Baysa (Waray-waray), Hamorok (Waray-waray), Latab (Waray-waray), Lumong (Waray-waray)  39.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Type locality, BMNH 1984.6.1.2 (holotype of G. philippinus Günther 1862, 7.1 cm SL) (Ref. 30392). Reported from Lake Taal and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). Museum: Manila Bay and Iloilo Fishing Port Mkt., MUFS 7512-7513, 7515, 7517, 7518-7522. Estancia, MUFS 7608 (Ref. 13682). Also Ref. 280, 393, 3399, 12753. 
Cyprinidae Gibelion catla (Hamilton, 1822) Fr, Aq introduced   182 cm TL male/unsexed   
Eleotridae Giuris margaritacea (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Labanag (Bikol), Goby (English), Ornate sleeper (English), Dalak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Bugwan (Surigaonon), Palawan (Tagalog), Buguwan (Visayan), Bagong lipunan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Katolong (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Bakulihan (Tagalog), Bangayngay (Tagalog), Dalagan (Tagalog), Ipon (Tagalog), Paluwon (Tagalog), Papalo (Tagalog), Simawar (Tagalog), Buwagan (Visayan)  29.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Collected from Calbiga-a creek, Lagu Lagu creek, a small creek in Guadalupe, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223), Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446), Tayabas Bay (Ref. 47588), Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824), hauled with gobies. Abundant in Lake Bombon (=Taal) (Ref. 12165, 13446). Migrated into Lake Mainit via the Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 13446). Museum specimens collected in 1984 from various localities, LRS-84141 (Ref. 13460). Introduced to Lake Lanao (as Hypseleotris agilis) (Ref. 10888, 13446) and may have caused the extinction of 17 endemic cyprinids through the heavy predation by the species which was inadvertently stocked in the lake with Nile tilapia fingerlings coming from a government hatchery in Surigao del Norte (Ref. 48328). Abundant in Lake Lanao based on 2001 report (Ref. 70969). Also Ref. 5259, 95183. 
Gobiidae Glossogobius aureus Akihito & Meguro, 1975 Fr, Br native  Bia (Tagalog)  25.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens in ViSCA were collected from a river mouth in Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). In range Ref. 559. 
Gobiidae Glossogobius bicirrhosus (Weber, 1894) Fr native  Bia (Tagalog)  9.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Sohoton Cave and Inuntan, Basey River, Samar in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Type locality, Rio Grande near Cotabato, Mindanao (Ref. 94476). Also Ref. 280, 2847, 7050. 
Gobiidae Glossogobius celebius (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr, Br, Fi native  Goby (English), Biyang bato (Tagalog), Taporak (Bikol), Bal-la (Ilokano), Ipon (Tagalog), Iswil (Visayan), Tabula (Visayan), Taporak (Visayan)  14.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from the rivers of Luzon, Lake Taal (Ref. 13446); Negros; Mindanao; Lake Naujan; Busuanga; Jolo, Sulu; Culion; and Panay (Ref. 280, 13446) and Lake Lanao (Ref. 95183). Included in the ipon fisheries (Ref. 13531). Also Ref. 2847, 95183. 
Gobiidae Glossogobius circumspectus (Macleay, 1883) Fr, Br native  Circumspect goby (English), Bia (Tagalog), Bala (Ilokano), Rumbeb (Ilokano), Tambud butobuto (Romblomanon), Bakuli (Tagalog), Bagtis (Visayan), Borod (Visayan), Bunak (Visayan), Palo (Visayan), Tambo-tambo (Visayan)  35.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 7050. 
Gobiidae Glossogobius clitellus Hoese & Allen, 2012 Fr native   8.60 cm SL male/unsexed    No picture yet.
Gobiidae Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton, 1822) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Bia (Tagalog), Bakla (Bikol), Batug (Bikol), Sagunayon (Bikol), Goby (English), Tank goby (English), Whitegoby (English), Bal-la (Ilokano), Bunog (Ilokano), Biyang mapute (Kapampangan), Durogbatang (Kuyunon), Dolog (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Kadurog (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Kapalo (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Bunor (Pangasinan), Pijanga (Surigaonon), biya (Tagalog), Biyang puti (Tagalog), Dapal (Tagalog), Ipon (Tagalog), Bunog (Visayan), Pidianga (Visayan), Tabula (Visayan) common (usually seen) 50.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Abundant in Lake Taal, 1995 survey (Ref. 12165,13446), as part of gill net catch composition (Ref. 81207), collected from the lake in Laurel, Batangas as a living specimen (Ref. 81820). Found common in Laguna de Bay catch (Ref. 13460, 80824). Also found in the reservoirs of Lake Buhi and Binga (Ref. 13464); Lake Buluan (13492); Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446); Pampanga River, Paitan Lake and Pantabangan Dam (Nueva Ecija) (Ref. 109918). Museum specimens collected in 1983-4 from various localities, LRS-83111 (Ref. 13460). A local introduction. Migrated into Lake Mainit via the Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 4567, 50320, 13446, 81829), reported from Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Caused the extinction of 17 endemic cyprinid species and three genera of Lake Lanao (Ref. 12217, 13446, 81887). The loss of the endemic cyprinids has been attributed to the heavy predation by the species which was inadvertently stocked in the lake with Nile tilapia fingerlings coming from a government hatchery in Surigao del Norte (Ref. 48328). Also Ref. 5258, 41236, 48328, 95183. 
Gobiidae Glossogobius obscuripinnis (Peters, 1868) Fr native    Type locality, Bicol River, Camarines Sur; Kalabos Brook, near Daraga, Albay. Lakes Buhi and Bato, Camarines Sur (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Carcharhinidae Glyphis gangeticus (Müller & Henle, 1839) Fr, Br, M questionable   204 cm TL male/unsexed  Outside distributional range, occurrence needs further confirmation. As ?Carcharinus gangeticus, recorded in Lake Naujan, Mindoro (Ref. 5517). As ?Carcharias gangeticus; records from Manila Bay, Cebu Agusan River & Saug River (Davao), Jolo Is & Sitankai (Sulu), Lake Naujan (Mindoro) (Ref. 280). Nominal records of Glyphis gangeticus from the Philippines cannot be confirmed; these may be based in whole or in part on Carcharhinus leucas. In the Western Pacific, three other Glyphis species are known and maybe wider-ranging (Ref. 47737). 
Gobiidae Gobiopterus brachypterus (Bleeker, 1855) Fr native  Bia (Tagalog)  2.90 cm TL male/unsexed   
Gobiidae Gobiopterus lacustris (Herre, 1927) Fr, Fi endemic  Lacustrine goby (English), Kip-kip (Ilokano), Dulong (Tagalog)  2.35 cm SL male/unsexed 1.5 TL Recorded from Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824), Paoay creek, Paoay Lake, Butong Lake, Laoag, Ilocos Norte and Lanigay, Polangui, Albay (Ref. 29019). Described from specimens caught in Laguna de Bay, at Calamba, Los Banos, Lumbang, Santa Cruz, Laguna (Ref. 280). The smallest important food fish in Laguna de Bay; caught in large quantities. Statistics by BFAR show dulong production from a high of 555 mt 1990 down to 190 mt in 2002 (Ref. 80730). Prepared as omelets or steamed in banana leaves, or as fish sauce. Museum specimens collected in 1983-84 from various localities, LRS-83113 (Ref. 13460). BMNH 1933.3.11.583-592.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Gobiopterus stellatus (Herre, 1927) Fr endemic  Dwarf freshwater goby (English), Dolong (Tagalog)   Described from specimens collected in 1926 from a small mountain lake beside sitio Lanigay (Lake Lanigay), Polangui, Albay, Luzon. A hardy species, reaching maturity at about 1.5 cm long (Ref. 439). Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). 
Kraemeriidae Gobitrichinotus radiocularis Fowler, 1943 Fr, Br native   4.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Type locality, the Malabang River in Mindanao (Ref. 50838). Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Mugilidae Gracilimugil argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) Fr, Br, M native  Flat-tail mullet (English), Balanak (Magindanaon), Balanak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  45.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Phallostethidae Gulaphallus bikolanus (Herre, 1926) Fr endemic   1.95 cm SL male/unsexed ;2.30 cm SL female  Type locality, Lake Bato, Camarines Sur and Lake Lanigay, Albay, southern Luzon. Both lakes are connected with tributaries of Bicol River which empties into San Miguel Bay of the China Sea (Ref. 12760). Museum: an immature male specimen, 1.95 cm SL, collected from type locality, was designated as lectotype by Böhlke, CAS-SU 24475. CAS-SU 18148 (paralectotypes). Cabangan River, Albay, Bikol, Luzon, CAS 53165; UMMZ 21165. Guinobatan River, AMNH 50592; CAS 50722 (Ref. 12768). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 280, 94476.  No picture yet.
Phallostethidae Gulaphallus eximius Herre, 1925 Fr endemic   3.50 cm TL male/unsexed ;4.10 cm female  Specimens were collected from a creek at Santa Fe, Nueva Vizcaya, Luzon, its type locality; 16 males, 1.9 - 3.5 cm and 19 females, 2.2 - 4.1 cm long (Ref. 12740). Also reported from Magat River and its tributaries, north of Santa Fe (Ref. 280). Museum: creek Santa Fe, CAS-SU 24474 (lectotype designated by Böhlke 1953, 3.35 cm SL, male); CAS-SU 18149 (paralectotypes). Luzon, BMNH 1933.3.11.168; FMNH 40593-40596; CAS-SU 36832 (Ref. 12768). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Phallostethidae Gulaphallus falcifer Manacop, 1936 Fr endemic   3.40 cm TL male/unsexed ;2.65 cm TL female  Known from brooks around Mt. Arayat, in Pampanga and Nueva Ecija (Ref. 280). Described from a 3.4 cm TL (2.75 SL) male holotype (Philippine Fish and Game Administration No. 31778) collected from a gourami pond at Barrio Laput, Mexico, Pampanga, Luzon (Ref. 12766); CAS-SU 32356 (Ref. 12768). Museum: No locality, CAS 63198 (Ref. 12768). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Phallostethidae Gulaphallus mirabilis Herre, 1925 Fr endemic  abundant (always seen in some numbers) 3.30 cm TL male/unsexed ;3.20 cm female  Specimens collected from Ibo, a small mountain creek flowing into Angat River in Bulacan, about 60 km northeast of Manila (Ref. 12740). Also known from streams near Fort Stotsenberg, Pampanga and Mangatarem, Pangasinan (Ref. 12768). Museum: Laguna: Molawin Creek, Los Baños, ZMA 100.651; ANSP 91045; BMNH 1933.3.11.169-186; FMNH 76769, 46946; CAS 727, 728, 731-735, 740-743, 747-751, 54938; CAS-SU 30720, 38903, 35959, 35958; USNM 94293, 104412; MCZ 33904; MNHN 27-192, 32-204. Los Baños, MCZ 33904. Santa Maria River, Santa Maria, CAS-SU 38904; FMNH 40623-40627. Pampanga: Porak River, CAS 50720. Pangasinan: Olo Creek, CAS-SU 38209; CAS 50721; UMMZ 211664. Sison, CAS-SU 38901, 38902. Barabac Creek, CAS 50719. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 280, 12766, 94476.  No picture yet.
Characidae Gymnocorymbus ternetzi (Boulenger, 1895) Fr questionable  Black tetra (English)  7.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Collected from AQUAGEM, Maharlika Hiway, Cabanatuan City as specimen for fish living museum (Ref. 81820). 
Muraenidae Gymnothorax meleagris (Shaw, 1795) Fr, Br, M, Or native  Turkey moray (English), Malibanos (Tagalog), Almang (Agutaynen), Halas-ogdok (Bikol), Bakasi (Cebuano), Endong (Chavacano), Ubod (Davawenyo), Indong (Hiligaynon), Hagmang (Ilokano), Pangitan takot (Kagayanen), Kabo-kabo (Kuyunon), Luddong simon (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Hangit (Waray-waray) occasional (usually not seen) 120 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 13724, 48613, 53416, 94476. 
Muraenidae Gymnothorax polyuranodon (Bleeker, 1854) Fr, Br, M native   150 cm TL male/unsexed  Collected from Saub River, Cotabato in 1923. Reported from Craan R., Cotabato; a brook at San Ramon Penal Colony, Zamboanga; and Canigaran, Palawan (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 7050. 
Cyprinidae Hampala lopezi Herre, 1924 Fr native  Manumbok (Visayan)  8.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Described from four specimens, 5.5 - 8.5 cm, caught at Langbuan, Busuanga, its type locality (Ref. 2929). Also reported from Wayan Creek, a creek at Langbuan, and Pangauron River, Port Caltom, Busuanga (Ref. 280). Reported from Lake Lanao (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Helostomatidae Helostoma temminckii Cuvier, 1829 Fr, Aq, Or introduced  Kissing gourami (English)  30.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 1739, 9987 and 12157. 
Cichlidae Hemichromis bimaculatus Gill, 1862 Fr not established  Jewel fish (English)  13.60 cm SL male/unsexed  Collected from Limnological Station, University of the Philippines Los Banos as specimen for the living fish museum (Ref. 81820). 
Gobiidae Hemigobius hoevenii (Bleeker, 1851) Fr, Br, M native  Bia (Tagalog)  6.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Museum: Coron, Busuanga, CAS 38636 (30, 1.9-3.3 cm SL) (Ref. 43716). Lake Buhi, CAS 26381(Ref. 44011). Also Ref. 7050. 
Characidae Hemigrammus ocellifer (Steindachner, 1882) Fr questionable  Head and tail light tetra (English)  4.40 cm TL male/unsexed  Collected from AQUAGEM, Maharlika Hi-way Cabanatuan City as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). 
Clupeidae Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Rüppell, 1837) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Tunsoy (Tagalog), Manamsi (Kuyunon)  25.00 cm SL male/unsexed 12 FL Recorded from the Putoc River in Mindanao (Ref. 94476). Larval stages of this species are included in the 'dulong' catches from study areas in Calatagan, Tingloy, Bauan and San Juan in Batangas; and Pola, Oriental Mindoro (Ref. 107093). 
Syngnathidae Hippichthys heptagonus Bleeker, 1849 Fr, Br, Or native  Pipefish (English), Dagum-dagum (Visayan) common (usually seen) 15.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Recorded from Lake Taal (Ref. 5316, 12165, 13446). Specimens were collected from Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Reported from Lake Bombon (=Taal, Ref. 13446), Batangas; Mangso River, Albay; Malabon; and, Cebu (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 7050, 12157. 
Syngnathidae Hippichthys penicillus (Cantor, 1849) Fr, Br, M native   18.00 cm SL male/unsexed   
Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes, 1844) Fr, Fi, Aq introduced  Babangan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug)  120 cm TL male/unsexed  This species has established in aquaculture through assisted or artificial reproduction. It has not established in the wild (Ref. 1739), but has already been reported in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Recorded as having been or being farmed in rice fields (Ref. 119549). 
Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (Richardson, 1845) Fr, Fi, Aq introduced   146 cm SL male/unsexed  This species has established in aquaculture through assisted or artificial reproduction. It has not established in the wild (Ref. 1739), but apparently fished already in Lake Taal (Ref. 13446) and also reported in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824). Reported distribution is in Luzon (Ref. 26129). 
Hemiramphidae Hyporhamphus quoyi (Valenciennes, 1847) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Quoy's garfish (English), Bugiw (Tagalog), Suasid (Cebuano), Sa-sa (Davawenyo), Siriw (Ilokano), Susay (Ilokano), Iman (Ivatan), Buging (Tagalog), Kansusuit (Tagalog), Kansusuwit (Tagalog), siliw (Tagalog), Bugiw (Waray-waray)  31.20 cm SL male/unsexed  One specimen (MCZ 26394) was collected from Lake Taal (Ref. 9843,81207). Reported from Cagayan: Apopogonan River, Aparri; Cagayan R. at Bisugu; and Buguey R., Buguey. Dagupan, Pangasinan. Barrio Kingking, Patukan, Davao, Mindanao (Ref. 280). Recorded from Leyte Gulf (Ref. 68980). 
Loricariidae Hypostomus plecostomus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr introduced  Plecostomus (English), Janitor fish (English), Sucking catfish (English) fairly common (chances are about 50%) 50.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Introduction confirmed by Aida Palma, BFAR and Lou Castillo, UPLB (pers. comm.). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Collected from Laguna de Bay (Ref. 56084, 80824) and from FAC, Munoz Nueva Ecija as specimen for living fish museum. 
Eleotridae Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft, 1864) Fr questionable   12.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported from Lake Taal and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). Outside distributional range, occurrence needs confirmation. 
Eleotridae Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr, Br native  Maringyan (Bikol)  8.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Lagu Lagu creek, Layog River at Balinsasayao, and at the Daguitan bridge, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Type specimen (male, 3.35 cm) collected from a creek at barrio Puru, Legaspi, Albay Province; other specimens from Rawis River (male, 2.4-3.3 cm; females 2.2 - 3.7 cm) (Ref. 439). 
Eleotridae Hypseleotris everetti (Boulenger, 1895) Fr endemic    Type locality, Palawan Island (Ref. 50838). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Eleotridae Hypseleotris pangel Herre, 1927 Fr endemic    Type locality, believed to be from Cavite Province. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Ictaluridae Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque, 1818) Fr introduced  Channel catfish (English) scarce (very unlikely) 132 cm TL male/unsexed  Does not survive in natural conditions (Ref. 9420). Also Ref. 12157. 
Sciaenidae Johnius borneensis (Bleeker, 1851) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Alakaak (Tagalog), Alakaak (Bikol), Ilak (Cebuano), Abu (Hiligaynon), Bugor (Hiligaynon), Simu (Ilokano), Alakak (Kapampangan), Abo (Visayan), Dulama (Visayan), Lagis (Visayan), Abo (Waray-waray), Tangdulan (Waray-waray)  34.80 cm TL male/unsexed   
Kuhliidae Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier, 1829) Fr native  Mountain bass (English), Damagan (Tagalog), Ramagan (Visayan)  17.90 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected in 1993 from Lagu Lagu creek, between rice fields and habitations in Leyte (Ref. 7223). Reported from Taal Lake in 1995 (Ref. 13446). Reported from L:ake Naujan (Ref. 13446). 
Kuhliidae Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède, 1802) Fr native  Rockmountain bass (English), Damagan (Tagalog), Gamagan Kalabingat (Tagalog), Damagan (Visayan)  45.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Recorded from the Malatgaw River, Palawan (Ref. 41640). Specimens in VisCA museum collected from Kawasan waterfall in Cebu (Ref. 7223). Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 80679, 13446) and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). 
Cyprinidae Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822) Fr, Fi, Aq introduced  Rohu (Tagalog)  200 cm TL male/unsexed  Established in aquaculture through assisted/artificial reproduction. It has not established in the wild (Ref. 1739). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446), also in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824). 
Cyprinidae Labiobarbus cyanopareja (Heckel, 1843) Fr native      No picture yet.
Ophichthidae Lamnostoma kampeni (Weber & de Beaufort, 1916) Fr native   41.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 94476. 
Ophichthidae Lamnostoma mindora (Jordan & Richardson, 1908) Fr native   40.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Type locality, Baco River, Mindoro and also from Abra River, near Vigan, Ilocos Sur (Ref. 280). Listed as questionable (without explanation) in Ref. 95665. Also Ref. 7050, 94476. 
Ophichthidae Lamnostoma orientalis (McClelland, 1844) Fr, Br, M native   36.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Recorded from Luzon (Ref. 90102). 
Ophichthidae Lamnostoma taylori (Herre, 1923) Fr endemic   16.40 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported from Bangar, La Union (Ref. 280). Type locality, Cabatoan River, near Iba, Zambales in 1922 (Ref. 12748). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Latidae Lates calcarifer (Bloch, 1790) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Aq, Lf native  Bolgan (Bikol), Burgan (Cebuano), Mata kuting (Chavacano), Dayang (Davawenyo), Giant seaperch (English), Bulgan (Hiligaynon), Kaka (Ilokano), Apap (Kapampangan), Salungsungan (Kuyunon), Kulapu (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Apaap (Pangasinan), Apahap (Surigaonon), Apahap (Tagalog), Apahap (Waray-waray), Apahap (Bikol), Bulgan (Bikol), Mangagat (Bikol), Sapan (Bikol), Poyo (Cebuano), Solong-solong (Hiligaynon), Tul-wan (Ilokano), Bulungan (Kuyunon), Matakating (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Apaap (Pangasinan), Katuyot (Tagalog), Laya (Tagalog), Matang pusa (Tagalog), Apahap (Visayan), Bolgan (Visayan), Bulgan (Waray-waray)  200 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446), Lake Mainit and Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Recorded as having been or being farmed in rice fields (Ref. 119549). Also Ref. 393, 3281, 7306, 59175. 
Leiognathidae Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Common ponyfish (English), Mawalay (Surigaonon), Sap-sap (Tagalog), Sapsap (Agutaynen), Lawayan (Banton), Barurog (Bikol), Dalupani (Bikol), Lawayan (Bikol), Mutomot (Bikol), Pirak-pirak (Bikol), Dalupane (Cebuano), Lawayan (Cebuano), Palotpot (Cebuano), Sap-sap (Chavacano), Sap-sap (Davawenyo), Common slipmouth (English), Daguldolan (Hiligaynon), Dalupani (Hiligaynon), Lawayan (Hiligaynon), Gumabek (Ilokano), Lalakasen (Ilokano), Laway-laway (Ilokano), Palangan (Ilokano), Sap-sap (Ilokano), Sapsap (Ilokano), Talibukno (Ilokano), Talibuno (Ilokano), Tariptip (Ilokano), Usub (Ilokano), Sapsap (Kapampangan), Lawayakan (Kuyunon), Sapsap (Kuyunon), Sap-sap (Magindanaon), Sap-sap (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Sap-sap betsang (Pangasinan), Malaway (Surigaonon), Bakagan (Tagalog), Dalupani (Tagalog), Hiwas (Tagalog), Huwaling (Tagalog), I-im (Tagalog), Laway (Tagalog), Lawayan (Tagalog), Lawihan (Tagalog), Malaway (Tagalog), Sapsap (Tagalog), Tabiros (Tagalog), Taksay (Tagalog), Tambong (Tagalog), Yapyap (Tagalog), Badyang (Visayan), Bakayan (Visayan), Dagoldalan (Visayan), Danutan (Visayan), Kapotol (Visayan), Lawayan (Visayan), Lumo-an (Visayan), Lumoan (Visayan), Nepis-nepis (Visayan), Pa-ut-put (Visayan), Paluput (Visayan), Palutput (Visayan), Parutput (Visayan), Lawayan (Waray-waray), Parutpot (Waray-waray), Sapsap (Waray-waray), Tambon (Waray-waray)  28.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Migrated into Lake Mainit via the Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 4867). Reported from Lake Bombon (=Taal) (Ref. 13446, 13446), Batangas, Lake Naujan, Mindoro (Ref. 280, 13446, 81829), Puerto Princesa, Palawan (Ref. 58652), Lake Mainit (Ref. 13446, 81829) and Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Also Ref. 1602. 
Terapontidae Leiopotherapon plumbeus (Kner, 1864) Fr, Fi endemic  Silver perch (English), Bilbigan (Surigaonon), Bagaong (Tagalog), Bugaong (Agutaynen), Buga-ong (Cebuano), Bugaong (Cebuano), Buga-ong (Davawenyo), Therapon (English), Bagaw (Kuyunon), Bigaong (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Ayungin (Tagalog), Bagaong (Waray-waray) abundant (always seen in some numbers) 15.90 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from the freshwaters of Luzon, may be an endemic species. Found still abundant in 1995 in Lake Bombon (=Taal) (Ref. 12165, 13446). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). A major fishery in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824). A 1583 MT yield was reported by BFAR in 1983. Museum specimens collected from various localities, in 1982, LRS-82103; in 1984, LRS-84132 (Ref. 13460). Found in Lake Buhi (Ref. 13464). Reported to be part of gill net catch composition in Taal Lake, Talisay area (Ref. 81207). Collected from CLSU Fish pond and Pantabangan Reservoir in Nueva Ecija as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). Recorded from Pampanga River and Paitan Lake (Ref. 109918). Reported from Lake Mainit and Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Type locality of Therapon brevispinnis, Quingoa River, Province Bulacan (Ref. 94476). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. 
Gobiidae Lentipes mindanaoensis Chen, 2004 Fr native    Known from the southern Philippines (Ref. 76793). Type locality, small creek in eastern part of Mindanao (Ref. 94476). Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Centrarchidae Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque, 1819 Fr, Aq introduced   31.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Centrarchidae Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque, 1819 Fr, Aq, Or introduced  Sunfish (English)  41.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 1739. 
Lutjanidae Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål, 1775) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Aq, Lf native  Mangrove red snapper (English), Gingaw (Surigaonon), Isu (Tagalog), Maya-maya (Agutaynen), Aliso (Banton), Aliso (Bikol), Batangal (Bikol), Kisang (Bikol), Mangagat (Bikol), Pargo (Bikol), Mangngayat (Bolinao), Malaponti (Cebuano), Maya-maya (Cebuano), Sapak bakal (Chavacano), Aluman (Davawenyo), Katambak (Davawenyo), Maya-maya (Davawenyo), Red snapper (English), Dangdang (Hiligaynon), Kanlay (Hiligaynon), Margay (Ilokano), Chinarey (Ivatan), Mangagat (Kagayanen), Maya-maya (Kapampangan), Mangagat (Kuyunon), Ahaan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Comay (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Haan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Kalumbang (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Maya-maya (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Manarak-sarak (Pangasinan), Aliso (Tagalog), Also (Tagalog), Bambangin (Tagalog), Butangal (Tagalog), Iso (Tagalog), Mangagat (Tagalog), Maya maya (Tagalog), Darag-darag (Visayan), Gingao (Visayan), Tadlungan (Visayan), Talungan (Visayan), Gingaw (Waray-waray), Mangagat (Waray-waray)  150 cm TL male/unsexed 49.6 TL Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223) and Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104756). Migrated into Lake Mainit via the Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 13446, 81829), reported from Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Also recorded from Taal (Ref. 12165, 13446). Recorded from Taal as part of pond culture and cage culture in BFAR-NFBC, Butong, Batangas (Ref. 81499). Reported from Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 55, 469, 53416, 59176. 
Lutjanidae Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål, 1775) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Lf native  Two-spot red snapper (English), Langisi (Tagalog), Maya-maya (Agutaynen), Tingayog (Banton), Gingau (Bikol), Madarag (Bikol), Katambak (Cebuano), Mangagat (Cebuano), Maya-maya (Cebuano), Guntul (Chavacano), Aluman (Davawenyo), Katambak (Davawenyo), Maya-maya (Davawenyo), Red bass (English), Red snapper (English), Admon (Hiligaynon), Dalangdang (Hiligaynon), Dapak (Hiligaynon), Upos-upos (Hiligaynon), Uposan (Hiligaynon), Bambangun (Ilokano), Sidinean (Ilokano), Chinarey (Ivatan), Maya-maya (Kapampangan), Managat (Kuyunon), Saging-saging (Kuyunon), Gingaw (Romblomanon), Sayungasang (Romblomanon), Labongan (Surigaonon), Mangagat (Surigaonon), Maya-maya (Surigaonon), Alsis (Tagalog), Bambangin (Tagalog), Bambangon (Tagalog), Managat (Tagalog), Matangal (Tagalog), Maya maya (Tagalog), Maya-maya (Tagalog), Pargito (Tagalog), Talaiwan (Tagalog), White spotted red snapper (Tagalog), Akana (Tagbanwa Calamian), Agba-on (Visayan), Awnan (Visayan), Bad-lisan (Visayan), Bangayau (Visayan), Kanulo (Visayan), Katambak (Visayan), Labongan (Visayan), Langisi (Visayan), Mandagat (Visayan), Mayaguno (Visayan), Puga (Visayan), Pulahan (Visayan), Saiya (Visayan), Tabon (Visayan), Langisi (Waray-waray), Mangagat (Waray-waray)  90.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from Siargao Island, Cebu City (Ref. 58652), Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104756), Lake Taal (Ref. 13446), Bongo Island and Paril-Sangay Protected Seascape, Moro Gulf (Ref. 106380). Also Ref. 55, 48613, 53416. 
Lutjanidae Lutjanus ehrenbergii (Peters, 1869) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Ehrenberg's seaperch (English), Alsis (Tagalog), Gingau (Bikol), Admon (Hiligaynon), Dalangdang (Hiligaynon), Dapak (Hiligaynon), Sidinean (Ilokano), Maya-maya (Kapampangan), Gingaw (Romblomanon), Sayungasang (Romblomanon), Bambangon (Tagalog), Managat (Tagalog), Matangal (Tagalog), Pargito (Tagalog), Agba-on (Visayan), Awnan (Visayan), Bad-lisan (Visayan), Bangayau (Visayan), Kanulo (Visayan), Katambak (Visayan), Labongan (Visayan), Langisi (Visayan), Mandagat (Visayan), Mayaguno (Visayan), Puga (Visayan), Pulahan (Visayan), Saiya (Visayan), Tabon (Visayan)  35.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Recorded in Tañon Strait (Ref. 107276). Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also known from San Vicente, N. Luzon (Ref. 58652). Also Ref. 55. 
Lutjanidae Lutjanus fuscescens (Valenciennes, 1830) Fr, Br native  Maya-maya (Agutaynen), Islawan (Cebuano), Aluman (Davawenyo), Katambak (Davawenyo), Maya-maya (Davawenyo), Maya-maya (Kapampangan)  40.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). 
Lutjanidae Lutjanus johnii (Bloch, 1792) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Ft, Lf native  John's snapper (English), Maya maya (Tagalog), Maya-maya (Agutaynen), Adgawon (Bikol), Arungan (Bikol), Islawan (Cebuano), Maya-maya (Cebuano), Dapak (Chavacano), Aloman (Davawenyo), Aluman (Davawenyo), Katambak (Davawenyo), Maya-maya (Davawenyo), Barao (Hiligaynon), Paswan (Ilokano), Maya-maya (Kapampangan), Babaan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Paswan (Visayan), Dapak (Waray-waray), Langisi (Waray-waray), Maya-maya (Waray-waray), Paswan (Waray-waray)  97.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from the brackishwaters of Kiga creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Reported from Lake Mainit (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 469. 
Lutjanidae Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Lf native  Malabar blood snapper (English), Lugho (Tagalog), Maya-maya (Agutaynen), Maya-maya (Banton), Dapak (Bikol), Langit (Bikol), Maya-maya (Bikol), Mayamaya (Bikol), Pulahan (Bikol), Talutoon (Bikol), Aha-an (Cebuano), Dapak (Cebuano), Maya-maya (Cebuano), Aha-an (Davawenyo), Maya-maya (Davawenyo), Malabar red snapper (English), Malabar snapper (English), Dapak (Hiligaynon), Maya-maya (Ilokano), Maya-maya (Kapampangan), Comay (Magindanaon), Maya-maya (Magindanaon), Comay (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Maya-maya (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Tabong (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Maya maya (Surigaonon), Puga (Surigaonon), Dapak (Tagalog), Maya maya (Tagalog), Maya-maya (Tagalog), Pulahan (Tagalog), Ahaan (Visayan), Dapak (Waray-waray), Maya-maya (Waray-waray)  100.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446), Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104679, 107139). Also Ref. 393, 9987. 
Lutjanidae Lutjanus maxweberi Popta, 1921 Fr, Br native  Maya-maya (Agutaynen), Maya-maya (Cebuano), Sagisihon (Cebuano), Aha-an (Davawenyo), Maya-maya (Davawenyo), Maya-maya (Kapampangan)  15.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Museum: Mindanao, USNM 89995 (Lutjanus palmeri Fowler 1931, 9.7 cm SL) (Ref. 469). Also Ref. 94476. 
Gobiidae Mangarinus waterousi Herre, 1943 Fr native  Bia (Tagalog)  4.80 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Type locality, Mangarin, mangrove swamp at Hacienda Waterous, Mindoro (Ref. 94476). Also Ref. 7050. 
Cichlidae Mayaheros urophthalmus (Günther, 1862) Fr, Or introduced   39.40 cm TL male/unsexed  Recorded from Santa Monica, Iba, San Sebastian and Pugad. Has probably been ithroduced via the ornamental trade, farmed in fishponds and escaped during flooding events (Ref. 108831). Believed to have caused the decline in catch of other important food-fish due to competition for food and space, although not much evidence is available regarding their negative impact (Ref. 108831). 
Megalopidae Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet, 1782) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Sp native  Bulan-bulan (Agutaynen), Buyan-buyan (Banton), Bulan-bulan (Bikol), Buan-buan (Cebuano), Bulan-bulan (Chavacano), Buan-buan (Davawenyo), Indo-Pacific tarpon (English), Bulgan (Hiligaynon), Bulan-bulan (Ilokano), Bulan-bulan (Kagayanen), Buobuan (Kapampangan), Bulan-bulan (Kuyunon), Abulong (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Bulan-bulan (Pangasinan), Hutik (Surigaonon), Buan buan (Tagalog), Mulan-bulan (Visayan), Bulan-bulan (Waray-waray), Buwan-buwan (Bikol), Mulan-bulan (Bikol), Salongsong (Cebuano), Bulan-bulan (Davawenyo), Tarpon (English), Bulan-bulan (Hiligaynon), Silag (Hiligaynon), Tewal (Hiligaynon), Bulan bulan (Ilokano), Buan-buan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Buan-buan (Tagalog), Mulan-bulan (Waray-waray)  150 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected in 1993 from Kiga and Calbiga-a creeks, Leyte (Ref. 7223). Found in Iwahig River, and creek near Pancol, Malampaya Sound, Palawan; Bais, Negros; Tarlac; Bulan, Sorsogon; Vigan, Ilocos Norte; Orani, Bataan; Rizal; Bulacan; Pampanga; Mindoro; Ragay Gulf (Ref. 280). Reported from Lake Bombon (=Taal), Batangas and Lake Naujan, Mindoro (Ref. 13446); Santiago River, Pagapas Bay, and Dumaca River, Luzon; Malaya River, Hinunangan Bay, Leyte; Talisay area in Lake Taal as part of gill net catch composition (Ref. 81207, 13446); Laguna de Bay in a 2005 assessment (Ref. 80824). Migrated into Lake Mainit via Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 13446). Found in milkfish pens/cages/ponds in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 13460). Not considered a good food fish (Ref. 2858). Collected from CLSU fish pond, Nueva Ecija as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). Also recorded as introduced to Paitan Lake, Tabuating River and Talavera River (Nueva Ecija) (Ref. 109918). Museum specimens collected in 1984 from various localities, LRS-84137 (Ref. 13460). Also Ref. 393, 9987, 12547, 12550. 
Blenniidae Meiacanthus anema (Bleeker, 1852) Fr, Br, M native   7.20 cm SL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 90102. Specimens were collected from Kiga creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 7050, 2847. 
Terapontidae Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier, 1829) Fr, Br native   30.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 2847. 
Terapontidae Mesopristes cancellatus (Cuvier, 1829) Fr, Br, Fi, Ft native  Rock goby (English), Bulidao (Ilokano), Pigok (Surigaonon), Bagaong (Tagalog), Pigek (Chavacano), Cross-barred grant (English), Bagaong (Visayan), Pegok (Visayan) occasional (usually not seen) 23.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported from Abra River in Luzon, Rio Grande de Mindanao, Tamontaka River and Pulangi River in Cotabato (Ref. 108830), Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). Migrated into Lake Mainit via the Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 13446, 81829) and Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Highly priced in Cotobato, Mindanao (Ref. 2858). Considered a delicacy in the southern part of the Philippines (Ref. 2858). Also Ref. 2847, 48489. 
Terapontidae Mesopristes iravi Yoshino, Yoshigou & Senou, 2002 Fr, Br native   22.31 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported as juveniles of M. argenteus in Leyte by Vari 1978 (Ref. 44255).  No picture yet.
Syngnathidae Microphis brachyurus (Bleeker, 1854) Fr, Br native  Dagum-dagum (Visayan), Kulikog sa buaya (Visayan)  22.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek, Lagu Lagu creek, and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Museum: west bay of Laguna de Bay, 1984, LRS-84138 (Ref. 13460). Also Ref. 7050, 2847. 
Syngnathidae Microphis leiaspis (Bleeker, 1854) Fr, Br native  Dagum-dagum (Visayan)  19.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Sohoton Cave, Basey River, Samar in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 7050. 
Syngnathidae Microphis manadensis (Bleeker, 1856) Fr, Br native   20.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Lagu Lagu creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). 
Syngnathidae Microphis mento (Bleeker, 1856) Fr, Br native  Dagum-dagum (Visayan)  15.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Museum: Jaro River, Iloilo, Panay I., USNM 108466 (as Parabelonichthys kellersi). Manila, MNHN A.1701, 2085 (as Hemithylacus rocaberti (Ref. 5316). Also Ref. 7050, 2847.  No picture yet.
Syngnathidae Microphis pleurostictus Peters, 1868 Fr endemic   15.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Type locality, Lake Bato, Camarines and Yassot Creek, Albay, Luzon. Also reported from Palawan (Ref. 280). Museum: ZMB 6633; BMNH 1868.7.10.1; MNHN 6036 (Ref. 5316). Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Syngnathidae Microphis retzii (Bleeker, 1856) Fr native  Dagum-dagum (Visayan)  14.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek, Lagu Lagu creek, a small creek in Guadalupe, and Ambacan River at Makinhas and Butigan, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Museum: Baco River, Mindoro I., URM-P 31671 (2:9.56-10.61 cm SL, 15/08/85) (Ref. 30352). Also Ref. 280, 7050, 5316, 2847. 
Centrarchidae Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède, 1802) Fr, Fi, Ex, Sp, Thr introduced   97.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Introduced by Alvin Seale from California, USA in 1907 as a food fish and for sport. Reintroduced in 1915 and 1958. Stocked in Trinidad Lake, Province of Benguet and in Caliraya Lake in Laguna Province. Established in Lake Caliraya. Reported from Lake Lanao (Ref. 13446, 81887, 95183). Also Ref. 1739, 1998, 6346. 
Cobitidae Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Cantor, 1842) Fr, Aq, Or introduced  Weather loach (English), Yuyu (Ifugao), U-u (Ivatan), Dojo (Tagalog), Japanese loach (English)  28.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Introduced in Trinidad River, Mountain Province (Ref. 280). This species is popularly called yu-yu in Ifugao. It has become notably abundant after the Japanese occupation for which reason (probably) it has also come to be known as Japanese fish, panispis, or palispis in some places. Yu-yu has since become a major source of fish protein in the region, particularly in many areas beyond the reach of fresh fish from the coasts. This freshwater demersal species prefers muddy substrates, still waters, a subtropical climate (between 5 and 25°C) and seems to be omnivorous. It is no surprise therefore that this species has found an ideal home in the rice terraces of the Cordilleras and has been practically a care-free aquaculture species, well integrated with the organic-farming practices in the region over several decades. Also Ref. 1739, 12157, 119549. Recently catches have declined to very low levels such that even local demands could not be met. The introduction of some freshwater species and some changes in farming practices are believed to have contributed much to the decline and seem to threaten the survival of this fish in the rice fields. The demand for this organically-grown fish has increased not only in the region but also abroad. This fish is now being promoted in the region as a health food, being 70% protein, 20% calcium and practically no cholesterol, according to findings by the Bureau of Foods and Drug (BFAD). In line with the One-Town-One-Product (OTOP) program of the Philippine government, the municipality of Hungduan has adopted yu-yu as its OTOP. The municipal government has alloted PhP 300,000.00 annually for the improvement of yu-yu production for the local market and abroad. The Ifugao provincial government also supports this OTOP and the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) is involved in the development of aquaculture technology for yu-yu. Traditionally, the rice terraces in Ifugao are open access in terms of fish, shell fish and other non-crop farm products. Now the municipality of Hungduan limits fishing access to individual owners of the rice fields as a way of helping owners manage their own yu-yu resource. Likewise, the municipality has banned the use of vine extracts (rotenone and the like) for catching yu-yu as this method kills young fish as well and could be a health risk to humans. Beyond meeting current market demands, the improvement of yu-yu production in the rice terraces is seen on the long-term as an incentive to farmers to maintain the rice terraces as a cultural heritage and to keep their organic farming practices. It is also hoped that this would help prevent the out migration of more farmers from the region in search of more profitable farming opportunities in the lowlands. (CB). Collected from Antadas Ricefields, Sagada, Mountain Province as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). 
Gobiidae Mistichthys luzonensis Smith, 1902 Fr, Fi, Pr endemic  Sinarapan (Bikol), Tabios (Bikol), Bia (Tagalog)  2.50 cm TL male/unsexed 1 SL Type locality of Mistichthys luzonensis Lake Buhi, Luzon Island, USNM 50303-04 (syntypes) (Ref. 97102). Originally found in Lake Buhi, Camarines Sur, the pygmy goby was exceedingly abundant until 1960 after which it declined and faced extinction in 1978. Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus and O. niloticus), grunt or ayungin (Therapon sp.), snakehead (Ophicephalus striatus), and possibly the goby (Glossogobius sp.) introduced in the lake and feeding on this species contributed to the decline of the population. Collected a specimen for the living fish museum (Ref. 81820). The only viable stock is found in Lake Manapao (Camarines Sur Province), now declared as a sanctuary for this vulnerable species. Also used as an aquarium species (Ref. 12157). Also Ref. 12550, 94476. 
Monodactylidae Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Or native  Silver moony (English), Bayang (Cebuano), Sampirot (Chavacano), Silver batfish (English), Ilak (Hiligaynon), Pampano (Kagayanen), Sampirot (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Muray-buray (Visayan), Muray-buray (Waray-waray)  27.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also recorded from Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104756). 
Synbranchidae Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793) Fr native  scarce (very unlikely) 100.00 cm SL male/unsexed  According to Herre, Fowler 1918 (Ref. 2199) recorded the fish from the Philippine Islands with the specimen placed in the Philadelphia Commercial Museum. Occurs in freswater streams and rice paddies of the larger islands (Ref. 12748). Reported from Luzon (Ref. 26129). 
Mugilidae Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Flathead grey mullet (English), Aguas (Tagalog), Balanak (Agutaynen), Agwas (Bikol), Balanak (Bikol), Gisaw (Cebuano), Banak (Chavacano), Gisaw (Chavacano), Lisas (Chavacano), Gisaw (Davawenyo), Gisaw (Hiligaynon), Ugapang (Hiligaynon), Lul-luran (Ilokano), Porong (Ilokano), Hurong (Ivatan), Balanak (Kagayanen), Banak (Kuyunon), Banak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Perong (Pangasinan), Bayanak (Surigaonon), Gisaw (Surigaonon), Agwas (Tagalog), Aligasin (Tagalog), Asubi (Tagalog), Banak (Tagalog), Talilong (Tagalog), Agwas (Waray-waray), Balanak (Waray-waray)  100.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Prized food fish, processed dried in Palawan and the Visayas (Ref. 2858). Also Ref. 393, 2109. Reported from Lake Mainit and Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). 
Gobiidae Mugilogobius cagayanensis (Aurich, 1938) Fr endemic   6.20 cm SL male/unsexed  Restricted to Lakes Ernestine, Singuan and Sulou on Cagayan Sulu Island, Cagayan Sulu Archipelago (Ref. 43716). Type locality: Cagayan Sulu, Singuan Lake and Sulu Lake (Ref. 43716). Also Ref. 4735, 94476.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Mugilogobius mertoni (Weber, 1911) Fr, Br native   6.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Type locality of Vaimosa layia, Layia, Batangas Province, Luzon Island, Philippines (Ref. 83763). Also Ref. 94476. 
Muraenesocidae Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Aq native  Daggertooth pike conger (English), Ubod (Tagalog), Ugbot (Agutaynen), Toga (Banton), Obod (Bikol), Oldok (Bikol), Panapa (Bikol), Pindanga (Bikol), Ubod (Cebuano), Tawtih (Chavacano), Ubod (Davawenyo), Obod (Hiligaynon), Kurarato (Ilokano), Kuraratu (Ilokano), Pindanga (Kapampangan), Endong (Kuyunon), Indong (Kuyunon), Langing (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Bayangitan (Pangasinan), Pindanga (Tagalog), Banusak (Visayan), Egat (Visayan), Ubod (Waray-waray)  220 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Manila Bay; Cagayan; Currimao, Ilocos Norte; Alaminos and Agno River, Pangasinan; Bancal R., near Iba, Zambales; San Miguel Bay; Camarines Sur; Tacloban, Leyte; Iloilo, Panay; Dumaguete, Negros Oriental (Ref. 280). Samar Sea (Ref. 68348). 
Serrasalmidae Mylossoma duriventre (Cuvier, 1818) Fr questionable  Silver Dollar fish (English)  25.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Collected from Gold Coast, Bio-Sphere, Tondo Manila as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). 
Cyprinidae Nematabramis alestes (Seale & Bean, 1907) Fr native   10.10 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from its type locality, Zamboanga; also from Basilan: Lamitan, Burakan, Busay, and Balactasan rivers; Puerto Princesa and Palawan (1909 & 1913); Concepcion, Busuanga (1922). Probably occurs in Tawi-tawi and Balabac (Ref. 2929). Reported from Palawan (Caiholo River, Ulugan Bay; creek near Pancol, Malampaya Sound; Iwahig, Malatgao, and Camino rivers, near Puerto Princesa); Busuanga (Malbato R., Port Unson and Pangauron R., Port Caltom); Isabela River, Basilan; and Zamboanga R., Mindanao (Ref. 280). Five specimens caught by hook & line in 1989 from Manguao stream (Ref. 13489); seven specimens were collected from Manguao Stream using push net, prefer surface and running water habitats (Ref. 50862). Also Ref. 94476. 
Cyprinidae Nematabramis everetti Boulenger, 1894 Fr questionable   10.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Occurrence needs further confirmation since collection from Balabac or Palawan cannot be verified (Ref. 2929) and the species is endemic to Kalimantan I. Also Ref. 280. 
Cyprinidae Nematabramis verecundus Herre, 1924 Fr endemic   4.20 cm SL male/unsexed  Described from the type and only specimen, 4.2 cm, collected by Herre in Titunod River, Kolambugan, Lanao, Mindanao in 1924 (Ref. 2929). Also Ref. 280.  No picture yet.
Ariidae Neoarius leptaspis (Bleeker, 1862) Fr native   60.00 cm SL male/unsexed  In the rivers of Mindanao. 
Phallostethidae Neostethus bicornis Regan, 1916 Fr, Br native   3.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from the brackishwaters of Nakoda Bay and Malampaya River, Palawan (Ref. 280). Museum: Nakoda Bay, USNM 98839, 150632. Malampaya River, USNM 98840. Palawan, USNM 98838. No locality, MCZ 60049 (Ref. 12768). Also Ref. 7050. 
Phallostethidae Neostethus borneensis Herre, 1939 Fr, Br, M native   2.30 cm SL male/unsexed  Known in Calamianes Islands, northern Palawan (Ref. 48613). Museum: Coron I., Busuanga, CAS-SU 36542 (holotype of N. coronensis, 2.25 cm SL, dextral male); CAS-SU 36543 (paratype) (Ref. 12768). Also Ref. 7050, 12769.  No picture yet.
Phallostethidae Neostethus ctenophorus (Aurich, 1937) Fr, Br endemic   2.40 cm SL male/unsexed ;2.00 cm SL female  Known from a tributary of Laguna de Bay, Luzon (Ref. 280). No museum specimens were examined. Original description based on at least a 2.4 cm SL male and a 2 cm SL female (Ref. 12768). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Phallostethidae Neostethus robertsi Parenti, 1989 Fr endemic   2.30 cm SL male/unsexed  Museum: Calasiao River, about 12 km N of San Carlos City, Pangasinan, Luzon, CAS 50723 (holotype, 2.23 cm SL, dextral male); CAS 64254 (paratypes) (Ref. 12768). Also Ref. 94476. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Phallostethidae Neostethus thessa (Aurich, 1937) Fr endemic  Priapium fish (English), Bolinao (Tagalog)   Reported as a migratory species in Lake Mainit (Ref. 13446, 81829), Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Museum: type locality, Lake Mainit, Surigao, Mindanao, CAS-SU 36546 (no type status). Description of Aurich based on at least a 2.6 cm SL male and a 2.9 cm SL female (Ref. 12768). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Phallostethidae Neostethus villadolidi Herre, 1942 Fr, Br, M endemic   2.25 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected in 1993 from Kiga creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte and from Sohoton Cave and Inuntan, Basey River, Samar (Ref. 7223). Museum: Cagayan de Misamis, Misamis Oriental, Mindanao, mangrove swamp next to Fishery Experiment Station, CAS-SU 36537 (misprinted 23637 in original description) (holotype, 2.25 cm SL, sinistral male); CAS-SU 36538 (paratypes). Negros Oriental, CAS-SU 52344, 36566, 32355; CAS 60258; MNHN 38-15; ROM 54986, 54987, 54988, 50489, 51854. Mactan I., Cebu, AMS I.21938-016. Northern end of Cuyo, Palawan, CAS 54645. Leyte, USNM 98836, 98837 (Ref. 12768). Also Ref. 94476. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Tetrarogidae Neovespicula depressifrons (Richardson, 1848) Fr, Br, M native   10.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from Cotabato, Mindanao (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 7050. 
Zenarchopteridae Nomorhamphus bakeri (Fowler & Bean, 1922) Fr endemic    Type locality, Zamboanga, Mindanao (Ref. 94476). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Zenarchopteridae Nomorhamphus manifesta Meisner, 2001 Fr endemic    Type locality, Ilokos Norte Prov., Solsona, Luzon (Ref. 40966). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Zenarchopteridae Nomorhamphus pectoralis (Fowler, 1934) Fr endemic    Type locality, Bubucan, Luzon Island (Ref. 46206). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Zenarchopteridae Nomorhamphus philippinus (Ladiges, 1972) Fr endemic   5.00 cm TL male/unsexed ;6.00 cm female  Known from the Kulaman Plateau, Cebu.  No picture yet.
Zenarchopteridae Nomorhamphus pinnimaculata Meisner, 2001 Fr endemic    Type locality, creek at eastern end of Tunga, Leyte (Ref. 51649). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Zenarchopteridae Nomorhamphus rossi Meisner, 2001 Fr endemic    Type locality, Intel R., pool in river bordered by waterfall (upriver) and rapids (downriver), Barrovia Barangay hot springs, Baggao Municipality, Luzon (Ref. 40966). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Zenarchopteridae Nomorhamphus vivipara (Peters, 1865) Fr endemic   6.50 cm TL male/unsexed ;8.50 cm TL female  Distributed throughout the islands (Ref. 45130); reported from Bagabag and Sta. Fe, Nueva Vizcaya; Molawin Creek and Sta. Maria R., Laguna; Taal Lake, Batangas (Ref. 12165); Haya R., Bilar, Bohol; Basey R., Samar; Coron, Wayan and San Nicolas creeks, Concepcion, Busuanga; Baldat, Culion; and creek near Indanan, Jolo, Sulu (Ref. 280). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Oligolepis acutipennis (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr, Br, M native  Goby (English), Bia (Tagalog)  15.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Rare in Lake Taal, may be a migratory fish which manages to swim through the largely blocked outlet (Ref. 12165, 13446). Specimens in ViSCA museum were collected from a river mouth in Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). In range Ref. 4343. 
Gobiidae Oligolepis keiensis (Smith, 1938) Fr native   7.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). 
Blenniidae Omobranchus ferox (Herre, 1927) Fr, Br native   6.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Kiga creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 280, 13446). Also Ref. 4404, 4833, 7050, 80679. 
Syngnathidae Oostethus jagorii (Peters, 1868) Fr, Br native   16.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Ambacan River at Makinhas and Layog River at Balinsasayao, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Museum: Samar, ZMB 6647 (including holotype, 88:4.75 - 16.65 cm SL). Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Eleotridae Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr, Br, M native  Palu (Bikol), Matapolo (Visayan), Paku (Visayan)  34.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Kiga creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 6802. 
Synbranchidae Ophisternon bengalense McClelland, 1844 Fr, Br native  Palos (Tagalog), Nipa-nipa (Banton), Kasili (Bikol), Ogdok (Bikol), Ugdok (Bikol), Igat (Kapampangan), Katsili (Kuyunon), Buknol (Pangasinan) scarce (very unlikely) 100.00 cm TL male/unsexed  First collected in Quingua River, near Calumpit, Pampanga; reported from Navotas, Manila; Baybay creek, a tributary of Lake Buhi; Apo Reef, west of Mindoro; and in bangus fishponds of Bulacan and Pampanga (Ref. 12748). Caught rarely in Laguna de Bay; not a popular food fish. Museum: east bay, LRS-83114 (Ref. 13460). Also Ref. 4833, 2847, 7050, 41236. 
Cichlidae Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner, 1864) Fr, Br, Aq introduced  Tilapia (English)  45.70 cm TL male/unsexed  An important food fish and cultured with other tilapias. Account for almost a third of the fish production of Laguna de Bay. Museum specimens collected in 1984 from various localities, LRS-84139 (Ref. 13460). Also Ref. 1739, 80824. 
Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852) Fr, Br, Fi, Aq, Lf introduced  Tilapia (Tagalog), Mossambique tilapia (English), Mozambique tilapia (English) common (usually seen) 39.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Established in all brackish water farms, rivers, swamps and rice fields throughout the country. Introduced in a reservoir in Ambuklao, Mountain Province in 1956, in 1986-1989, they constituted the bulk (66%) of fish production (Ref. 27799). Introduced to Lake Mainit (Ref. 4867, 50320, 13446), Lake Buluan (Ref. 13492), Lake Buhi (Ref. 12217), Lake Lanao (Ref. 13446, 95183) and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446, 81887). Also reported from Ormoc Bay (Ref. 45205) and San Miguel Bay (Ref. 43275). Museum specimens collected in 1984 from various localities, LRS-84129. Competes with Chanos chanos for food in brackish water farms (Ref. 6096). Caused the near extinction of the local endemic fish Mistichthys luzonensis in Lake Buhi (Ref. 12217). Ranks second in importance to milkfish culture. Cultured in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 13460, 80824); in reservoirs (Ambuklao, Angat, Caliraya, and Binga) (Ref. 13464). Also Ref. 3, 88, 1073, 1739, 5438, 36683. 
Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, Fi, Aq, Lf introduced  Nile tilapia (English), Pla pla (Tagalog), Tilapiya (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Tilapia (Tagalog) common (usually seen) 60.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Introduced in 1970. Reintroduced in 1972 from Thailand (Ref. 6096) and in 1973 from Israel (Ref. 1739). Widely cultured throughout the country especially in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824) area in Manila and in Central Luzon. Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). May have played a part in the extinction of cyprinids in Lake Lanao, Mindanao (Ref. 10888). Introduced to Lake Mainit (Ref. 4867, 50320, 13446, 81829). Found in Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Introduced to Taal Lake, stocked from fingerlings, and had escaped from the cages (Ref. 12165). No adverse impact on indigenous species in Taal lake has been reported (Ref. 27799,81207,13446). Specimens were collected in 1993 from Ambacan River at Makinhas and Butigan, Leyte (Ref. 7223). Reported from San Miguel Bay (Ref. 45161), Panguil Bay (Ref. 47691), Lake Lanao (Ref. 13446, 95183) and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446, 81887). Abundant in Lake Manguao, Taytay, Palawan in a 2003 study; both an omnivore and planktivore (Ref. 50862). Cultured in reservoirs (Ambuklao, Angat, Binga, Caliraya, and Lumot (Ref. 13464). Collected from CLSU fish pond, Nueva Ecija as specimen for living fish museum.(Ref. 81820). Also recorded from Pampanga River, Paitan Lake, Pantabangan Dam, Tabuating River and Talavera River (Nueva Ecija) (Ref. 109918). Museum specimens collected in 1984 from various localities, LRS-84131(Ref. 13460). Also Ref. 1739, 9987, 58652. 
Cichlidae Oreochromis spilurus (Günther, 1894) Fr, Ft introduced   19.20 cm SL male/unsexed ;16.30 cm female  Recorded from Batangas, Luzon. 
Adrianichthyidae Oryzias luzonensis (Herre & Ablan, 1934) Fr endemic  Coscosleng (Ilokano)  4.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from Solsona, Batac, Laoag, Bacarra and Dingras (Ref. 2853). Museum: Solsona, Ilocos Norte, Luzon, creek and rice fields, Fish and Game Administration collection No. 41062 (holotype, 3 cm; 29 cotypes, 2.4-3 cm). Some specimens were sent to Stanford University, California. Also Ref. 12591, 12738. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. 
Osphronemidae Osphronemus goramy Lacepède, 1801 Fr, Aq, Or introduced  Goramy (English)  70.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824), Lake Mainit (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 1739, 7306, 12157 and 12548. 
Osteoglossidae Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier, 1829) Fr questionable  Silver arowana (English)  90.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Collected from Metro Manila as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). 
Mugilidae Osteomugil cunnesius (Valenciennes, 1836) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Longfin grey mullet (English), Talilong (Tagalog), Balanak (Agutaynen), Balanak (Bikol), Gisaw (Cebuano), Banak (Chavacano), Lisas (Chavacano), Gisaw (Davawenyo), Mullet (English), Buntis (Hiligaynon), Gisaw (Hiligaynon), Lul-luran (Ilokano), Balanak (Kagayanen), Banak (Kuyunon), Banak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Banak (Tagalog), Balanak (Waray-waray)  41.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 2109. 
Eleotridae Oxyeleotris marmorata (Bleeker, 1852) Fr, Br, Aq, Or native  Bia (Tagalog)  65.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported from Laguna de Bay; rivers in Balabac, Tawi Tawi and Mindanao (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 3178, 12157. 
Gobiidae Oxyurichthys ophthalmonema (Bleeker, 1856) Fr, Br, M native  Goby (English), Bia (Tagalog)  18.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). Museum: Negros Oriental: CAS 51055; Dumaguete, FMNH 40437, UMMZ 100533; Sumalring, CAS 66640. Bolinao Market, Pangasinan, NLU 71395. Nasugbu (Batangas), CAS-SU 33137 (Ref. 28614). 
Gobiidae Pandaka pygmaea Herre, 1927 Fr, Br native  Dwarf pygmy goby (English), Bia (Tagalog) scarce (very unlikely) 1.10 cm SL male/unsexed ;1.50 cm TL female 1 SL Originally reported from the Malabon River, Rizal, Philippines, which has meanwhile been reclaimed. First described by Herre in 1927 and was rediscovered in 1950 at Dagatdagatan Saltwater Fishery Experimental Station in Malabon (Ref. 4924). Reported in the sea at Culion Island, off Palawan (Ref. 6216). Also reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 12165). Endemism questionable since this species is also reported from other countries (Kottelat, pers. comm.). Also Ref. 439, 2060, 4924, 48613, 94476. 
Gobiidae Pandaka trimaculata Akihito & Meguro, 1975 Fr, Br, M native  Bia (Tagalog)  1.30 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Kiga creek, Ambacan River at Baybay, and a small creek in Guadalupe, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Museum: Big Lagoon, Miniloc I., near El Nido, spoon net, FRLM 12251. Also Ref. 7050, 43239. 
Pangasiidae Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage, 1878) Fr, Ft introduced   130 cm SL male/unsexed  Recorded from Luzon. Found in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824), Luzon (Ref. 13428). 
Characidae Paracheirodon innesi (Myers, 1936) Fr questionable  Neon tetra (English)  2.22 cm SL male/unsexed  Collected from Gold Coast, Bio-Sphere, Tondo Manila as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). 
Cichlidae Parachromis managuensis (Günther, 1867) Fr introduced  Managuense (English)  55.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Has been reported in the northeastern portion of Taal Lake (Agasen, pers. comm.). 
Mugilidae Paramugil parmatus (Cantor, 1849) Fr, Br, M native  Banak (Tagalog)  30.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 7050. 
Soleidae Pardachirus poropterus (Bleeker, 1851) Fr, Br native   7.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Three specimens caught at depths between 122 and 205 m during the 1976 Vauban expedition (Ref. 11148). Museum: Rio Grande, Mindanao, USNM 56164 (Ref. 9494).  No picture yet.
Pristigasteridae Pellona ditchela Valenciennes, 1847 Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Indian pellona (English), Dilat (Tagalog), Bas-an (Bikol), Matang baka (Bikol), Mu-ang (Bikol), Tuabak (Bikol), Mangsi (Cebuano), Tamban (Chavacano), Ibis (Davawenyo), Big-eyed herring (English), Mamata (Ilokano), Buslit (Kuyunon), Tubak (Pangasinan), Kundilat (Tagalog), Muang (Tagalog), Tuabak (Tagalog), Dumpilas (Visayan), Silag-habato (Visayan), Tamban-yapad (Waray-waray)  16.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 393, 7050, 12547. 
Gobiidae Periophthalmus argentilineatus Valenciennes, 1837 Fr, Br, M native  Bia (Tagalog)  19.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Kiga creek, San Jose, Dulag and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Museum: USNM 278285 (Ref. 11224). 
Gobiidae Periophthalmus barbarus (Linnaeus, 1766) Fr, Br, M native   14.70 cm SL male/unsexed   
Gobiidae Periophthalmus malaccensis Eggert, 1935 Fr, Br, M native  Bia (Tagalog)  9.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens collected from Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 5218. 
Ophichthidae Pisodonophis boro (Hamilton, 1822) Fr, Br, M native  Boro (Tagalog), Ubod (Surigaonon)  100.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Alaminos, Pangasinan; San Fernando, Pampanga; Vigan, Ilocos Sur; Agno River, Dagupan, Pangasinan (Ref. 280). In range Ref. 3972. 
Ophichthidae Pisodonophis cancrivorus (Richardson, 1848) Fr, Br, M native   108 cm TL male/unsexed  In range Ref. 3972. 
Mugilidae Planiliza alata (Steindachner, 1892) Fr, Br, M native   75.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Mugilidae Planiliza macrolepis (Smith, 1846) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Largescale mullet (English), Talilong (Tagalog), Balanak (Agutaynen), Hararan (Bikol), Banak (Cebuano), Gisaw (Cebuano), Banak (Chavacano), Lisas (Chavacano), Gisaw (Davawenyo), Gisaw (Hiligaynon), Gusaw (Hiligaynon), Lul-luran (Ilokano), Balanak (Kagayanen), Banak (Kuyunon), Banak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Aguas (Tagalog), Banak (Tagalog), Balanak (Waray-waray)  60.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Museum: Taytay market, FRLM 12129. El Nido, sandy beach, spoon net, FRLM 12244 (Ref. 10558). Recorded from Taal Lake (Ref. 80679, 13446) and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 2847. 
Mugilidae Planiliza melinopterus (Valenciennes, 1836) Fr, Br, M native  Otomebora mullet (English), Araran (Tagalog), Balanak (Agutaynen), Balanak (Bikol), Banak (Cebuano), Gisaw (Cebuano), Banak (Chavacano), Lisas (Chavacano), Gisaw (Davawenyo), Mullet (English), Balanak (Hiligaynon), Gusaw (Hiligaynon), Lul-luran (Ilokano), Balanak (Kagayanen), Banak (Kuyunon), Banak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Aligasin (Tagalog), Banak (Tagalog), Talilong (Tagalog), Balanak (Waray-waray)  30.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Also reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 12165, 13446). Also Ref. 2847. 
Mugilidae Planiliza subviridis (Valenciennes, 1836) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Greenback mullet (English), Aligasin (Tagalog), Balanak (Agutaynen), Balanak (Bikol), Balanak (Cebuano), Banak (Cebuano), Gisaw (Cebuano), Banak (Chavacano), Lisas (Chavacano), Gisaw (Davawenyo), Thick-zipped mullet (English), Balanak (Hiligaynon), Gisaw (Hiligaynon), Lul-luran (Ilokano), Balanak (Kagayanen), Banak (Kuyunon), Balanak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Banak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Banak (Tagalog), Talilong (Tagalog), Balanak (Waray-waray), Tabili-on (Waray-waray), Ugapang (Waray-waray) occasional (usually not seen) 40.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Occurs throughout the Philippines. Specimens were collected from Kiga creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 12165, 13446). A food fish with soft flesh but found low in numbers. Found in Laguna de Bay. Museum specimens collected in 1983 from various localities, LRS-83119; in 1984, LRS-84134 (Ref. 13460). Museum: Western Calatagan, Batangas, UPZM 5412. Also Ref. 393, 2109. 
Ariidae Plicofollis magatensis (Herre, 1926) Fr endemic   45.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known to be abundant in Cagayan River and its larger tributaries in upper Cagayan Valley. Described from 6 specimens, 19 - 26.8 cm taken with a number of specimens by Herre from its type locality, a deep pool in Magat River at Bagabag, Nueva Vizcaya. Also Ref. 58022, 94476.  No picture yet.
Poeciliidae Poecilia latipinna (Lesueur, 1821) Fr, Br introduced  Bubuntis (Tagalog) abundant (always seen in some numbers) 15.00 cm TL male/unsexed ;10.00 cm TL female  Discovered in vast numbers in some saltwater fishponds and salt ponds around Manila Bay in 1929. After 1916, despite orders from Alvin Seale not to distribute the species with the mosquito fish Gambusia affinis, the fish was released in the wild. Found rare in water with salinity as low as 3.1-3.2%, abundant at 3.5% and continues to be so up to 8.7% (its limit of tolerance), entirely disappears at 9.4%. Collected from Obando and Malolos, Bulacan and Malabon. Of no interest for its flesh is bitter. Competes with cultured fish (e.g. Chanos chanos) for algal food ('lab-lab' composed of blue-green algae, diatoms, desmids, filamentous green algae, protozoans and other microscopic animals and ''lumut' or green filamentous algae) that covers the bottom of fishponds (Ref. 12590). Also Ref. 1739, 6096. 
Poeciliidae Poecilia reticulata Peters, 1859 Fr introduced  Guppy (English)  5.00 cm SL male/unsexed ;6.00 cm SL female  Known from Bombon (=Taal) Lake (Ref. 12165). Specimens were collected from Lagu Lagu and Hilosig creeks, creek at the eastern end of Tunga, and from Ambacan River at Makinhas and Butigan, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 13428. 
Poeciliidae Poecilia sphenops Valenciennes, 1846 Fr introduced  Molly (English)  7.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 12157. 
Pomacentridae Pomacentrus tripunctatus Cuvier, 1830 Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Threespot damsel (English), Puyong dagat (Tagalog), Pata-pata (Cebuano), Pata (Davawenyo), Damselfish (English), Samok-samok (Kagayanen), Palata (Tagalog), Baro-baro (Visayan), Palata (Visayan), Palata (Waray-waray)  7.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from Badian, Cebu (Ref. 58652). Also reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 12165, 13446). Also Ref. 48613, 53416. 
Haemulidae Pomadasys argenteus (Forsskål, 1775) Fr, Br, M native  Silver grunt (English), Bakoko (Tagalog), Oto-ot (Banton), Agoot (Bikol), Ibalay (Bikol), Kiskisan (Bikol), Ulibalay (Bikol), Agoot (Cebuano), Lekpeh (Chavacano), Samu-ok (Davawenyo), Lined silver grunt (English), Silver spotted grunt (English), Alibalay (Hiligaynon), Baraw-baraw (Hiligaynon), Tabal (Hiligaynon), Ulibalay (Hiligaynon), Taguk-guk (Ilokano), Abo (Kagayanen), Agot (Kapampangan), Ulibalay (Kuyunon), Lepe (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Aguot (Tagalog), Aguut (Tagalog), Bakoko agurt (Tagalog), Balay (Tagalog), Ibalay (Tagalog), Ikuran (Tagalog), Ago-ot (Visayan), Likti (Visayan), Agoot (Waray-waray), Likti (Waray-waray)  70.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Migrated into Lake Mainit via the Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 4867). Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 3412, 7050, 4517, 12744, 45255. 
Pristidae Pristis microdon Latham, 1794 Fr, Br, M native  Sawfish (English), Barasan (Tagalog), Barasan (Bikol), Pakangan (Bikol), Buntok lagari (Kapampangan), Barabad (Kuyunon), Manglagpit (Kuyunon), Palangan (Pangasinan), Tag-an (Tagalog), Taghan (Visayan)  700 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from Luzon (Ref. 9859). Occurs in the freshwaters of Lake Naujan, Mindoro; Laguna de Bay, Laguna; Bicol River, Camarines Sur; and, Agusan River, Manacop, Davao (Ref. 280). Population probably has greatly declined in the country. Laguna de Bay museum material in SU 26882 (Ref. 47737). Also reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 4735. 
Gobiidae Psammogobius biocellatus (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr, Br, M native  Biyang tulog (Tagalog), Mulug (Bikol), Bia (Tagalog), Mulug (Visayan)  12.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Kiga creek, Ambacan River at Baybay, and San Jose, Dulag, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 12165, 13446), Laguna de Bay and is an important food fish found throughout the country. Museum specimens collected in 1984 from various localities, LRS-84133 (Ref. 13460). In range Ref. 4343. 
Gobiidae Pseudogobiopsis oligactis (Bleeker, 1875) Fr native   6.00 cm TL male/unsexed   
Gobiidae Pseudogobius javanicus (Bleeker, 1856) Fr native  Goby of streams (English), Bia (Tagalog)  6.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected in 1993 from Kiga creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte and Inuntan, Basey River, Samar (Ref. 7223). Collected from Malabon, Manila; Capiz and Iloilo, Panay (Ref. 439); and Lake Taal (Ref. 439, 13446, 80679). Reported from rivers in Luzon, Mindanao, Panay, Negros, Mindoro, Busuanga, and Sulu (Ref. 280). Type locality of Vaimosa piapensis: Piapi Creek, Dumaguete, Negros Oriental (Ref. 43716). Also Ref. 94476. 
Gobiidae Pseudogobius poicilosoma (Bleeker, 1849) Fr, Br native  Bia (Tagalog)  6.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from Taal Lake.  No picture yet.
Siluridae Pterocryptis taytayensis (Herre, 1924) Fr, Fi endemic  Hito (Tagalog)  12.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens collected in May 1913 from the type locality, a small water creek near Taytay, Palawan (18:5.8-12 cm TL) (Ref. 2854). Also found in Culion and Busuanga islands in the Calamian group north of Palawan (Ref. 13489). Reported from Manguao Lake, in the littoral zone; a bottom-dwelling carnivorous species (Ref. 50862). Penesilurus palavanensis: Described from a 10.8 cm specimen (in a poor condition) caught in 1913 with hook and line at the type locality, Lake Manguao, Palawan (Ref. 2854). Used in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12157). No specimen was caught in the 1989 survey (Ref. 13489). Also Ref. 280, 94476. 
Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus (Weber, 1991) Fr introduced  common (usually seen) 70.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens collected from Laguna de Bay (Marikina and Pasig rivers, Catmon and Banilad creeks, San Pedro, Laguna) (Ref. 56084). Also recorded from Tabuating river, Nueva Ecija (Ref. 109918). Competes with native fishes and comprise majority of catch from the lake, affecting fishermen's income (Ref. 53891). 
Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys pardalis (Castelnau, 1855) Fr introduced   49.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Recorded from Marikina river and Paitan Lake, Cuyapo, Nueva Ecija (Ref. 53891), Catmon and Banilad creeks, and San Pedro, Laguna de Bay (Ref. 56084). 
Cyprinidae Puntigrus tetrazona (Bleeker, 1855) Fr introduced  Tiger barb (English)  7.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Recorded from Lapad river, Laguna (personal observation). Collected from AQUAGEM, Cabanatuan City as specimen from living fish museum (ref. 81820). 
Cyprinidae Rasbora argyrotaenia (Bleeker, 1849) Fr, Or native   12.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Described from specimens, 6.8 - 10.9 cm, collected from Langbuan, Busuanga, in September 1922. Also collected from Lake Manguao, northern Palawan in 1913 and from Puerto Princesa in 1908. Occurs throughout the Calamianes and Palawan (Ref. 2929). Nine specimens were caught with hook and line in Lake Manguao (4.95 to 11 cm) (Ref. 13489). Used in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12157). Also Ref. 7050. Found in the littoral zone of Manguao Lake; gut analysis showed that it is omnivorous and active at daytime (Ref. 050862). Reported from Estrella Falls in Palawan (Ref. 68595). 
Cyprinidae Rasbora borapetensis Smith, 1934 Fr, Or native  Red tail rasbora (English)  6.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Used in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12157). 
Cyprinidae Rasbora everetti Boulenger, 1895 Fr native   6.80 cm SL male/unsexed  Type locality, Palawan Island (Ref. 85815). 
Cyprinidae Rasbora lateristriata (Bleeker, 1854) Fr, Or native   12.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Described from a single specimen, 8.1 cm, collected from the type locality Malum River, Tawi-tawi, Philippines on 21 September 1923 (Ref. 2929). Used in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12157). Also Ref. 280. 
Cyprinidae Rasbora philippina Günther, 1880 Fr endemic   6.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from Lake Mainit, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 13446). Collected from Titunod R. near Kolambugan, Lanao; Cagayan R., Misamis Oriental (Ref. 2929); Pasonanca R., Zamboanga; streams in Tawitawi I. (Ref. 280). Recorded as Rasbora punctulatus from Basilan I., Balactasan River, and Burakan River (Ref. 2929). Museum: Mindanao, Lanao Prov., CAS-SU 38108 (Ref. 2091). Type locality of Rasbora philippina , river at Pasananca near Zamboanga, Mindanao; and Rasbora punctulatus , Zamboanga, Mindanao (Ref. 94476).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Rasbora semilineata Weber & de Beaufort, 1916 Fr native   3.70 cm SL male/unsexed  Found in Palawan. Also Ref. 12037.  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Rasbora taytayensis Herre, 1924 Fr endemic   5.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Described from six spawning females, collected in 1913 from a pool in the bed of a dry stream, on the trail between Taytay and Malampaya Sound, Palawan. Also collected from a creek near Taytay at the same time (Ref. 2929).  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Redigobius balteatus (Herre, 1935) Fr native  Bia (Tagalog)  3.80 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Kiga creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). 
Gobiidae Redigobius bikolanus (Herre, 1927) Fr, Br native  Goby of mountain streams (English), Bia (Tagalog)  4.90 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Comon and Haya rivers, Bohol; Coron, Busuanga; Lake Mainit, Surigao; Pansipit R., and Yambo Lake, Luzon; Naujan Lake, Mindoro (Ref. 280), Lake Taal, 1995 survey (Ref. 12165, 13446), also in Ref. 80679; present as part of gill net catch composition in Talisay area in Taal Lake (Ref. 81207). Specimens were collected in 1993 from Calbiga-a creek, Lagu Lagu creek, Ambacan River at Makinhas and Butigan, and a small creek in Guadalupe, Leyte in 1993 and also from Inuntan, Basey River, Samar (Ref. 7223). Museum: Lake Naujan, CAS 30967 (holotype of Vaimosa montalbani, 2.0 cm SL) (Ref. 43716). Also Ref. 4735, 5259, 2847, 7050, 7223, 13500, 94476. 
Gobiidae Redigobius chrysosoma (Bleeker, 1875) Fr, Br native  Bia (Tagalog)  4.90 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 2847, 7050. 
Gobiidae Redigobius dispar (Peters, 1868) Fr native  Bia (Tagalog), Irin-irin (Bikol)  5.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Confined to Camarines Sur and Albay provinces: Lake Buhi, Buhi River, and Lake Bato (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 7050, 94476.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Redigobius oyensi (de Beaufort, 1913) Fr native     
Gobiidae Redigobius tambujon (Bleeker, 1854) Fr, Br native  Goby of streams (English), Bia (Tagalog)  4.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from Laguna de Bay north shore, Lapulapu River in Palawan, Casatagan River and Subic Bay in Zambales Province, Mindoro, Comon River in Bohol, Karig Malan River in Culion, Tarogin River in Mindoro Oriental, Amilao River in Iloilo, Tabios River in Bataan (Ref. 84480), Dumaguete (Ref. 419), Pampanga (Gumay River), gravelly brooks north of Manila Bay, Tagmatay brook, near Cagayan, Misamis (Ref. 439, 280), Taal Lake (Ref. 80679, 13446) and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). Recorded from Lake Bourbon (probably Lake Bombon or Lake Taal, Batangas Province (Ref. 13446). Vaimosa sapanga: Type locality, Sapanga creek, Angat, Bulacan (Ref. 84480). Also Ref. 7050. 
Gobiidae Rhinogobius bucculentus (Herre, 1927) Fr endemic   6.20 cm SL male/unsexed  Collected from Barrio Diviguen, San Mariano, Isabela, from a creek on Mount Moises, Isabela (Ref. 439) and Magat River, Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya (Ref. 280). Described by Herre from the type (6.2 cm) and 17 cotypes (2.1-6.2 cm), from a creek at Santa Fe, Nueva Vizcaya, Luzon and 28 cotypes (2.0-5.2 cm) from a creek at Dupax (Ref. 439). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Rhinogobius carpenteri Seale, 1910 Fr endemic  Kuchu (Bontoc)  5.90 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported from Trinidad River, Bagiuo (Ref. 13499); Rio Chico, Bontoc, Mt. Province and Balete, Nueva Vizcaya (Ref. 280). Described by Seale from specimens collected from Trinidad River, Baguio, elevation 1500 m (Ref. 13499). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Rhinogobius flavoventris Herre, 1927 Fr endemic  Goby (English), Bia (Tagalog)  3.70 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from Lake Taal (Ref. 2930, 13446). Type locality, Lake Taal, Luzon (Ref. 94476). Also Ref. 80679.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Rhinogobius philippinus (Herre, 1927) Fr endemic  Lizard goby (English), Biang tuku (Tagalog)  6.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Recorded from Nalvo Luna, La Union; Kalumpang R., Norzagaray and Ibo Creek, near Angat R., Bulacan; Nanang R., Antipolo, Rizal (Ref. 439), Loku R., Montalban, Rizal; lake above Ormoc ('Orneo'), Leyte; and Oriwong tollgate, Nueva Vizcaya (Ref. 280). Described from specimens collected from Irid River, Sta. Ines, Rizal and Banaban R., Angat, Bulacan, Philippines. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 4735.  No picture yet.
Rhyacichthyidae Rhyacichthys aspro (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr, Br, Fi native  Kampa (Ilokano), Dalapakan (Visayan), Delaposkan (Visayan)  25.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Lagu Lagu creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also collected from a tributary of Agno River, Luzon (2:10.4-10.6 cm); a mountain stream near Bugasong, Antique Province, Panay (1:8.8 cm); Mamator River near Casiguran, on the eastern coast of northern Luzon (3:10-3-11cm); and, Cajulogan, Gingog, Misamis Province in Mindanao (2). Also reported from San Jose, Antique, Panay, in a creek at Bangui, Ilocos Norte, Loquilocon, Samar, and in Baurauen River, Leyte (Ref. 439). A target in the ipon fisheries (Ref. 13531). Also Ref. 2847, 92840. 
Hemiramphidae Rhynchorhamphus georgii (Valenciennes, 1847) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Long billed half beak (English), Bugiw (Tagalog), Bugiw (Bikol), Ban-ban (Cebuano), Suasid (Cebuano), Swasid (Cebuano), Sa-sa (Davawenyo), Siriw (Ilokano), Susay (Ilokano), Baritos (Kuyunon), Buging (Tagalog), Buguing (Tagalog), Burog (Tagalog), Kansusuwit (Tagalog), Bugiw (Waray-waray), Malamban (Waray-waray)  31.00 cm male/unsexed  Limited supply (Ref. 2858). Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446). Occasionally enters freshwaters. Reported from Laguna de Bay. Museum specimens collected in 1983 from east bay, LRS-83121. The white flaky flesh has a good flavor when boiled, baked, or fried (Ref. 13460). 
Clupeidae Sardinella tawilis (Herre, 1927) Fr, Fi, Rstr, Thr endemic  Freshwater sardinella (English), Tabagak (Cebuano), Tamban (Cebuano), Tamban (Davawenyo), Bombon sardine (English), Freshwater herring (English), Lao-lao (Tagalog), Manansing laot (Tagalog), Tamban (Tagalog), Tawilis (Tagalog), Tunsoy (Tagalog), Hawo hawo (Visayan), Mangsi (Visayan) fairly common (chances are about 50%) 12.00 cm TL male/unsexed ;15.20 cm TL female  Endemic to Lake Bombon (=Taal), Batangas (Ref. 280).It is believed to be the only freshwater sardine in the Philippines which immigrated from Balayan Bay to Taal Lake (Ref. 81621). Reported harvest in 1984 was over 29,000 tonnes, by 1995 it was below 60 t (Ref. 12165). In 1998, production was at a high of 1120 mt, but down to 294 mt in 2000 (Ref. 80723). Threatened due to overfishing (Ref. 12165, 13446). May have split from the marine Sardinella hualiensis in the late Pleistocene based on DNA analyses (Ref. 108843). Also Ref. 188, 12550, 58652,13446. 
Cichlidae Sarotherodon melanotheron Rüppell, 1852 Fr, Br, M introduced   28.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Recorded from Hagonoy, Bulacan, Manila Bay, Laguna de Bay and Taal, Batangas. In Hagonoy, Bulacan, local farmers attribute the decrease in harvest of more valuable fishes with the appearance of the species, claiming that the fish preys on the milkfish, other tilapia (Oreochromis spp.), possibly the giant tiger shrimp and the white-leg shrimp (Ref. 108831). 
Scatophagidae Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus, 1766) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Aq, Lf native  Kikiro (Agutaynen), Kikilo (Banton), Kikiro (Bikol), Kitong (Cebuano), Kitang (Chavacano), Kikero (Davawenyo), Spotted scat (English), Kikiro (Hiligaynon), Pingaw (Ilokano), Kero kero (Kagayanen), Pingo (Kapampangan), Kitang (Kuyunon), Pingaw (Pangasinan), Kikiro (Tagalog), Kikilo (Visayan), Kikiro (Waray-waray), Bayang (Bikol), Kitang (Bikol), Kikilo (Cebuano), Lanbia (Davawenyo), Spadefish (English), Kikilo (Hiligaynon), Quequero (Hiligaynon), Tikero (Hiligaynon), Kapiged (Ilokano), Malaga (Ilokano), Kikiro (Kuyunon), Kitang (Tagalog), Samaral (Tagalog), Akikiro (Visayan), Kikiro (Visayan), Lankia (Visayan), Ngi-ni-ngisi (Visayan), Ngisi-ngisi (Visayan) common (usually seen) 38.00 cm TL male/unsexed 11.5 SL Known from Puerto Princesa, Palawan (Ref. 58652). Also reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 12165, 13446), Laguna de Bay in a 2005 assessment (Ref. 80824), Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446), and from Panay (Ref. 26129). Specimens were collected from Kiga, San Jose, Dulag, and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte and from Sohon Cave and Inuntan, Basey River, Samar in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Migrated into Lake Mainit via the Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 50320, 13446, 81829) and Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Museum: Western Calatagan, Batangas, UPZM 5386. Also Ref. 4517, 6956. 
Gobiidae Schismatogobius ampluvinculus Chen, Shao & Fang, 1995 Fr native   2.69 cm SL male/unsexed  Collected from Panay Island (Ref. 116448). 
Gobiidae Schismatogobius bruynisi de Beaufort, 1912 Fr native   4.90 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from a creeks at the eastern side of Tunga and Layog River at Balinsasayao, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 7050.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Schismatogobius deraniyagalai Kottelat & Pethiyagoda, 1989 Fr native   4.50 cm TL male/unsexed    No picture yet.
Gobiidae Schismatogobius insignus (Herre, 1927) Fr, Br, M native   4.40 cm SL male/unsexed  Type locality. Dumaguete R., Oriental Negros where Herre collected 10 specimens (2.4-4 cm SL). Also collected from Bangar, La Union with individuals over 3 cm ready to spawn (Ref. 439); Alegre River, Panay (Ref. 116448). Also Ref. 280, 55545, 075154, 116448.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Schismatogobius marmoratus (Peters, 1868) Fr native   3.40 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek, Lagu Lagu creek, and Ambacan River at Makinhas, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 280, 7050, 55545. 
Gobiidae Schismatogobius pallidus (Herre, 1934) Fr endemic   1.72 cm SL male/unsexed  Museum: Sitankay, Sibutu Islands, Tawi-tawi Province, Sulu, CAS 116962 (paratypes of Gobiosoma pallida Herre, 1934, 3:1.58-1.72 cm SL) (Ref. 39635). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Schismatogobius roxasi Herre, 1936 Fr native   4.59 cm SL male/unsexed  Museum: San Jose, Panay Island, Antique Province, CAS 63588 (1: 3.79 cm SL) (Ref. 280, 39635). Also Ref. 559, 55545, 116448. 
Osteoglossidae Scleropages formosus (Müller & Schlegel, 1840) Fr, Or introduced  Golden arowana (English)  90.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Needs confirmation. Used in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12157). Reported to be native in the Philippines by IUCN (Ref. 86905; http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/20034/0). 
Leiognathidae Secutor ruconius (Hamilton, 1822) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Deep pugnose ponyfish (English), Tambong bilog (Tagalog), Sapsap (Agutaynen), Kapotol (Banton), Dalupani (Bikol), Mutomot (Bikol), Pirak-Pirak (Bikol), Tabiros (Bikol), Tambong (Bikol), Palotpot (Cebuano), Sap-sap (Cebuano), Sap-sap (Chavacano), Sap-sap (Davawenyo), Pig-nosed ponyfish (English), Pugnose ponyfish (English), Kaputol (Hiligaynon), Palid (Hiligaynon), Sap-sap (Hiligaynon), Tiyanan (Hiligaynon), Gumabek (Ilokano), Lalakasen (Ilokano), Laway-laway (Ilokano), Palangan (Ilokano), Sap-sap (Ilokano), Talibukno (Ilokano), Talibuno (Ilokano), Tariptip (Ilokano), Usub (Ilokano), Sapsap (Kapampangan), Sapsap (Kuyunon), Sap-sap (Magindanaon), Sap-sap (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Bakagan (Tagalog), Hiwas (Tagalog), Huwaling (Tagalog), I-im (Tagalog), Lawihan (Tagalog), Sapsap (Tagalog), Tabiros (Tagalog), Taksay (Tagalog), Tambong (Tagalog), Tapiyo (Tagalog), Yapyap (Tagalog), Badyang (Visayan), Bakayan (Visayan), Dagoldalan (Visayan), Danutan (Visayan), Kapotol (Visayan), Lumo-an (Visayan), Lumoan (Visayan), Nepis-nepis (Visayan), Pa-ut-put (Visayan), Paluput (Visayan), Palutput (Visayan), Parutput (Visayan), Parutpot (Waray-waray), Sap-sap (Waray-waray)  8.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 2108, 58652. 
Gobiidae Sicyopterus crassus Herre, 1927 Fr endemic   12.80 cm SL male/unsexed  Recorded from Craan River on the southern coast of Cotabato Province. Museum: CAS-SU 38603 (Ref. 11224). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 280, 94476.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Sicyopterus cynocephalus (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr native   16.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Known from Palawan (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 2847, 7050. 
Gobiidae Sicyopterus fuliag Herre, 1927 Fr, Br, M endemic    Recorded from Cagayan River Valley and Peñablanca (Ref. 280). Type locality, Pinacanawan River, at Barrio Lamug [and Bariio Karoan], a barrio in the mountains east of Tuguegarao, Cagayan Prov., Luzon (Ref. 12965). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Sicyopterus lacrymosus Herre, 1927 Fr, Br, Fi endemic  Ipon (Tagalog), Paliling (Ilokano)  6.80 cm SL male/unsexed  Included in the goby fry fishery or 'ipon' fisheries of Ilocos Sur (Ref. 11915). Type locality, Abra Province: Abra River, Bangued / Ilocos Norte Province: Laoag River / Mindanao: Lanao Province: Titunod River, Kolambugan (Ref. 94476). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 280.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Sicyopterus lagocephalus (Pallas, 1770) Fr, Br, M native  Anga (Visayan)  13.00 cm TL male/unsexed ;10.65 cm SL female 4.6 SL Type locality, Cabalian, Leyte (holotype of Sicyopterus extraneus Herre, 1927; also reported from the Cagayan River, Misamis Province (Ref. 439). Materials examined collected from Calbiga and Lagu Lagu creeks, Baybay, Leyte (Ref. 37578). Dominant species in the 'ipon' (postlarvae) in Cagayan River (Ref. 33036). Larval stages of this species are included in the 'dulong' catches from study areas in Gloria, Oriental Mindoro (Ref. 107093). Museum: CAS-SU 38607 (Ref. 11224). 
Gobiidae Sicyopterus longifilis de Beaufort, 1912 Fr native   9.70 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 2847. 
Gobiidae Sicyopterus macrostetholepis (Bleeker, 1853) Fr native   10.30 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek and Lagu Lagu creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). 
Gobiidae Sicyopterus micrurus (Bleeker, 1853) Fr native   9.50 cm TL male/unsexed   
Gobiidae Sicyopterus panayensis Herre, 1927 Fr endemic    Type locality, San Jose, Antique Prov., Panay Island (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 94476. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Sicyopus auxilimentus Watson & Kottelat, 1994 Fr endemic   2.92 cm SL male/unsexed  Known only from Lagu Lagu creek on the western slope of Leyte Island. Museum: Lagu Lagu creek, ca. 2 km from sea, S margin of Visayan State College, ZRC 38286/CMK 10047 (Ref. 26365). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 87905.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Sicyopus cebuensis Chen & Shao, 1998 Fr endemic   3.75 cm SL male/unsexed ;3.91 cm SL female  Type locality, Uling brook, Naga River, Cebu, ASIZP-057825 (holotype of Sicyopus cebuensis, 3.75 cm SL, male) (Ref. 44834, 87905). Also Ref. 94476. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. 
Gobiidae Sicyopus zosterophorus (Bleeker, 1856) Fr native   4.50 cm SL male/unsexed ;4.20 cm SL female  Specimens were collected Lagu Lagu creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 7050, 2847. 
Sillaginidae Sillaginops macrolepis (Bleeker, 1858) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Asohos (Tagalog), Alisoos (Cebuano), Asoos (Cebuano), Ago-os (Davawenyo), Susay (Ilokano), Usu-us (Ilokano), Asuhos (Tagalog), Daing gusong (Tagalog), Hosohos (Tagalog), Oso-os (Waray-waray)  20.00 cm SL male/unsexed   
Sillaginidae Sillago sihama (Forsskål, 1775) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Ft native  Northern whiting (English), Aso-os (Surigaonon), Hosohos (Tagalog), Aso-os (Bikol), Asu-os (Bikol), Oso-os (Bikol), Osu-us (Bikol), Tayutos (Bikol), Alisoos (Cebuano), Asohos (Cebuano), Asoos (Cebuano), Sigarilyohon (Cebuano), Ago-os (Davawenyo), Asoos (Davawenyo), Common sillaginid (English), Common whiting (English), Aso-os (Hiligaynon), Asoos (Hiligaynon), Osoos (Hiligaynon), Asus (Ilokano), Osoos (Ilokano), Susay (Ilokano), Usu-us (Ilokano), Soos (Kagayanen), Asos (Kapampangan), Asohos (Kuyunon), Awsaos (Kuyunon), Usaos (Kuyunon), Asohos (Tagalog), Asuhos (Tagalog), Asuos (Tagalog), Aso-os (Visayan), Asohos (Visayan), Asoos (Waray-waray), Oso-os (Waray-waray)  31.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Known from Aparri, N. Luzon (Ref. 58652). Museum: Taytay fish market, FRLM 12062 - 63. Reported from Lake Taal and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446), Lake Mainit, Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Recorded from the Visayan Sea (Ref. 110387). Also Ref. 393, 6205, 9987, 43239. 
Gobiidae Stenogobius genivittatus (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr, Br, M native   18.00 cm SL male/unsexed   
Gobiidae Stenogobius kyphosus Watson, 1991 Fr endemic   9.04 cm SL male/unsexed ;8.77 cm SL female  Specimens were collected in 1993 from Calbiga-a creek, Leyte and Sohoton Cave, Basey River, Samar (Ref. 7223). Type locality, Mahinog River, Camiguin (Ref. 94476). Museum: USNM 99878 (Ref. 34009). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Stenogobius laterisquamatus (Weber, 1907) Fr native   20.00 cm SL male/unsexed    No picture yet.
Gobiidae Stenogobius ophthalmoporus (Bleeker, 1853) Fr native  Biyang tulis (Tagalog), Biyang pakiu (Tagalog)  14.21 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens collected from Cagayan River, barrio Catayaoan, lallo, Cagayan Province were described by Herre and deposited in the collection of the Division of Fisheries of the Department of Agriculture and Commerce (Ref. 12789). Aparrius sabagensis Roxas & Blanco 1940 is probably a synonym of this species (Ref. 7442). Also Ref. 7050, 34009.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Stigmatogobius elegans Larson, 2005 Fr endemic   4.10 cm SL male/unsexed  Known only from a single river system in Luzon (Ref. 56945). Type locality, Imurung River, Barrio San Miguel, Cagayan Province, Luzon (Ref. 94476). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. 
Gobiidae Stiphodon atropurpureus (Herre, 1927) Fr native   5.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Type locality of Microsicydium atro-purpureum, Lagu Lagu creek about 1 km from sea, southern margin of Visayan State College of Agriculture, about 7 km north of Baybay, Leyte [original type locality, Luzon, Rizal Province, Irid River, Santa Ines] (Ref. 94476). Type locality of Microsicydium formosum, Titunod, a small stream near Kolambugan, Lanao Prov., Mindanao (Ref. 50838). Also Ref. 43239. 
Gobiidae Stiphodon elegans (Steindachner, 1879) Fr native   5.20 cm SL male/unsexed  Reported from Camiguin I. off Misamis Oriental; Wayan and San Nicolas creeks, Busuanga; streams near Old Ayukitan and Okoi R., near Dumaguete, Negros Oriental; Kolambugan, Lanao, hill streams at San Ramon, Mindanao (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 7050. 
Gobiidae Stiphodon palawanensis Maeda & Palla, 2015 Fr native  abundant (always seen in some numbers) 6.39 cm SL male/unsexed ;6.36 cm SL female  Occurs in central Palawan where it inhabits streams flowing into the Sulu Sea. One of the dominant fishes in the middle reaches of Balsahan Stream (Puerto Princesa City) and Barake Stream (Aborlan) in May 2015 (Ref. 104909).  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Stiphodon pulchellus (Herre, 1927) Fr endemic   5.99 cm SL male/unsexed ;5.52 cm SL female  Known from Negros, Leyte, Culion, Busuanga, Palawan (Ref. 90214) and Hilosig creek, 1.3 km north of Mahaplag junction on road from Baybay to Tacloban, Leyte (Ref. 26366). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Stiphodon semoni Weber, 1895 Fr native   4.58 cm SL male/unsexed ;4.20 cm SL female   
Gobiidae Stiphodon surrufus Watson & Kottelat, 1995 Fr endemic   2.09 cm SL male/unsexed  Currently known only from Lagu Lagu creek on the western slope of Leyte. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Muraenidae Strophidon sathete (Hamilton, 1822) Fr, Br, M native  Malibanos (Tagalog), Burirawan (Bikol), Indong (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Burirawan (Tagalog), Indong (Tagalog), Payangitan (Tagalog), Indang (Visayan), Ogdok (Visayan), Tagibus (Visayan)  400 cm TL male/unsexed  Collected by angling in Taytay Bay, Palawan, FRLM 12058 (Ref. 10558). Also Ref. 280, 5211. 
Gobiidae Taenioides anguillaris (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br native   40.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from the country as Taenioides caeculus. Reported in Taal Lake (Ref. 80679). 
Gobiidae Taenioides cirratus (Blyth, 1860) Fr, Br, M native  Eel goby (English), Baliga (Tagalog), Eel shaped goby (English), Ribbon shaped goby (English), Bia (Tagalog)  30.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Lake Taal and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). 
Gobiidae Taenioides gracilis (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr native   30.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 439, 12693, 13460. 
Tetraodontidae Takifugu rubripes (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850) Fr, Br, M questionable   80.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Outside distributional range, occurrence needs confirmation. 
Gobiidae Tamanka maculata Aurich, 1938 Fr endemic    Reported from Timpuk Lake, Jolo Island, Sulu (Ref. 280). Also Ref. 94476.  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Tamanka siitensis Herre, 1927 Fr endemic   6.50 cm SL male/unsexed  Recorded from Lake Siit, Lake Panamao (crater lakes on Jolo Island, Sulu Archipelago) (Ref. 43716) and Titunod River, Kolambugan, Lanao (Ref. 439).  No picture yet.
Terapontidae Terapon jarbua (Forsskål, 1775) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Jarbua terapon (English), Kanigit (Tagalog), Bugaong (Agutaynen), Bagaong (Banton), Bagaong (Bikol), Bugaong (Bikol), Bogaong (Cebuano), Buga-ong (Cebuano), Bugaong (Cebuano), Gunggong (Cebuano), Bugaung (Chavacano), Buga-ong (Davawenyo), Bugaong (Davawenyo), Convex-lined grunt (English), Convex-lined therapon (English), Crescent grunter (English), Jarbua therapon (English), Bagaong (Hiligaynon), Buga-ong (Hiligaynon), Bagaong (Ilokano), Banlaongan (Ilokano), Baraongan (Ilokano), Baraungan (Ilokano), Mayavayawong (Ivatan), Bagaong kambang (Kagayanen), Bagaong (Kuyunon), Bagaw (Kuyunon), Bongaong (Magindanaon), Bungkaong (Magindanaon), Bigaong (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Langaat (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Balauling (Pangasinan), Bagaong (Tagalog), Bugaong (Tagalog), Bungao (Tagalog), Gagaong (Tagalog), Gunggong (Tagalog), Tutot (Tagalog), Bagaong (Visayan), Bugaong (Visayan), Bagaong (Waray-waray)  36.00 cm TL male/unsexed 9 FL Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek, Lagu Lagu creek, a river mouth in Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also known from Puerto Princesa, Palawan (Ref. 58652). Museum: Sandy beach, El Nido, juvenile specimens caught by spoon net, FRLM 12243 (Ref. 10558). Reported from Lake Taal and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446), Lake Mainit and Kalinawan River (Ref. 81829). Also Ref. 4517, 12744, 12787. 
Tetrarogidae Tetraroge barbata (Cuvier, 1829) Fr, Br, M native   10.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Kiga creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 7050.  No picture yet.
Tetrarogidae Tetraroge niger (Cuvier, 1829) Fr, Br, M native   13.50 cm TL male/unsexed  Collected in 1993 from Calbiga-a creek, Leyte (Ref. 7223). Also Ref. 7050.  No picture yet.
Toxotidae Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton, 1822) Fr, Br, Or native  Ataba (Tagalog)  40.00 cm SL male/unsexed   
Toxotidae Toxotes jaculatrix (Pallas, 1767) Fr, Br, Fi, Or native  Ataba (Tagalog), Ananabing (Banton), Ama mangpang (Bikol), Sumpit (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), kataba (Tagalog), Anunuput (Visayan), Ataba (Visayan), Bang-ga (Visayan) common (usually seen) 30.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Present in good numbers in Lake Bombon (=Taal), 1995 survey (Ref. 12165); present in Taal Lake, Talisay area as part of gill net catch composition (Ref. 81207, 80679, 13446). Specimens were collected from Kiga creek, Leyte and Inuntan, Basey River, Samar in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Reported from Palawan (Ref. 68595). Also Ref. 2858, 48613. 
Toxotidae Toxotes oligolepis Bleeker, 1876 Fr questionable   15.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Occurrence of this species in the country needs further confirmation.  No picture yet.
Osphronemidae Trichopodus leerii (Bleeker, 1852) Fr, Aq, Or introduced  Pearl gourami (English)  12.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 1739. Reported from Lake Mainit (Ref. 13446). 
Osphronemidae Trichopodus pectoralis Regan, 1910 Fr, Br, Fi, Aq, Or introduced  Snakeskin gourami (English), Pla-salit (Tagalog), Gourami (English), Three-spot gurammy (English) common (usually seen) 25.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Common in Lake Bombon (=Taal) (Ref. 12165, 13446). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Known from Lake Mainit, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 50320, 13446), Lake Buluan (Ref. 13492), Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824), Lake Lanao (Ref. 10888, 95183) and Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). Collected from Candaba, Pampanga as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 81820). A fine food fish found in Laguna de Bay. Museum specimens collected in 1983 from the east bay, LRS-83129 and from various localities in 1984, LRS-84126 (Ref. 13460). Also Ref. 1739, 58652. 
Osphronemidae Trichopodus trichopterus (Pallas, 1770) Fr, Aq, Or introduced  Blue gourami (English), Pla-salit (Tagalog), Siamese gurammy (English)  15.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Lagu Lagu creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Known from Lake Mainit, Mindanao (Ref. 4867, 13446) and Lake Taal (Ref. 80679, 13446). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Seldom a food fish. Museum specimens collected in 1983 from Laguna de Bay, east bay, LRS-83108 and in 1984, LRS-84142 (Ref. 13460). Collected from CLSU fish pond (Ref. 81820) and recorded from Pantabangan Dam, (Nueva Ecija) (Ref. 109918). Also Ref. 1739. 
Gobiidae Trypauchenichthys typus Bleeker, 1860 Fr, Br native   18.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from the Cagayan Islands (Ref. 75632). Also Ref. 7050, 092840.  No picture yet.
Belonidae Tylosurus acus melanotus (Bleeker, 1850) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Balo (Davawenyo), Tambilawan (Hiligaynon), Batali (Kapampangan)  100.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 80679, 13446). 
Apogonidae Yarica hyalosoma (Bleeker, 1852) Fr, Br, M native  Dangat (Tagalog)  17.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Specimens were collected from Kiga creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 7223). Also reported from Lake Bombon (or Taal Lake) (Ref. 13446) and Pagbilao mangrove. Museum: Western Calatagan, Batangas, UPZM 5327. Reported from Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446). Also Ref. 6956. In range Ref. 559. 
Ophichthidae Yirrkala kaupii (Bleeker, 1858) Fr native   35.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Reported from Tanjay River, Oriental Negros Prov., 30 km north of Dumaguete and Craan River, Cotabato Prov., Mindanao (Ref. 280).  No picture yet.
Gobiidae Yongeichthys criniger (Valenciennes, 1837) Fr, Br, M native  Horny goby (English), Biyang dagat (Tagalog)  15.00 cm SL male/unsexed  Unconfirmed report in Taal Lake (Ref. 80679, 13446). 
Zenarchopteridae Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes, 1847) Fr, Br, M native  Halfbeak (English), Kansusuit (Tagalog), Suasid (Cebuano), Sa-sa (Davawenyo), Bigiw (Hiligaynon), Siriw (Ilokano), Susay (Ilokano), Patlay (Tagalog), Sugi (Waray-waray)  19.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Known in Calamianes Islands, northern Palawan (Ref. 48613). Reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 12165, 13446). Also Ref. 90102. 
Zenarchopteridae Zenarchopterus gilli Smith, 1945 Fr, Br, M native   20.00 cm TL male/unsexed  Also Ref. 90102. 
Zenarchopteridae Zenarchopterus kampeni (Weber, 1913) Fr native   20.70 cm SL male/unsexed ;17.50 cm SL female  Type locality, Basud River in freshwater, Camarines Norte Province, Luzon (Ref. 94476).  No picture yet.
Zenarchopteridae Zenarchopterus philippinus (Peters, 1868) Fr endemic    Type localities: Boco River and Quingoa River (Luzon) and Calbigan, Samar (Visayas), ZMB 5110 (syntypes of Hemirhamphus philippinus<>); Magat River and tributary creeks at Bagabag, Nueva Vizcaya Province, Luzon, SU 25509 (holotype of Zenarchopterus magatensis); Pinacanauan River, Tuguegarao, Cagayan, Luzon, whereabouts unknown (syntypes of Zenarchopterus cagayensis) (Ref. 94476, 94891). Known from streams and lakes: Quingoa River, Bulacan; Bicol R., Camarines Sur; Molawin Creek, Banay River, Sta. Maria R., and Laguna de Bay, Laguna; Lake Bombon, Batangas; Olo creek, Pangasinan (Ref. 280).  No picture yet.
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