Epinephelus cifuentesi, Olive grouper : fisheries

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Epinephelus cifuentesi Lavenberg & Grove, 1993

Olive grouper
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Epinephelus cifuentesi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Epinephelus cifuentesi (Olive grouper)
Epinephelus cifuentesi
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Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Especie) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Serranoidei (Groupers) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino demersal; rango de profundidad 40 - 120 m (Ref. 5222). Tropical; 10°N - 4°S, 92°W - 81°W (Ref. 5222)

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Galapagos Islands, Isla del Coco, and off Costa Rica. It probably occurs off Mexico. Galapagos Islands subpopulation is classified as vulnerable in the 2004 IUCN red list of threatened species (Ref. 53964).

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 5222); peso máximo publicado: 22.3 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 11; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 14-16; Espinas anales 3; Radios blandos anales: 9. Distinguished by the following characteristics: head and body pale brown, with distinct greenish sheen on the body; dark color of lips, tip of lower jaw and dorsal part of the body; brown fins, darker than body, with blue-green sheen; pelvic fins pale brown with dusky membranes; juveniles without distinctive markings except for a dark maxillary groove; body depth 2.6-3.0 times in SL; head length 2.5-2.8 times in SL; convex interorbital area, width greater than eye diameter; preopercle subangular, serrae at angle slightly enlarged; slightly convex upper edge of operculum; subequal nostrils or posterior nostril slightly larger; maxilla reaches past vertical through centre of eye; midside of lower jaw with two rows of teeth; truncate caudal fin with rounded corners in adults, convex in juveniles; midlateral body scales distinctly ctenoid, auxiliary scales in large adults (Ref. 089707).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Deep-water species found on rocky reefs in depths of 40-120 m (Ref. 089707). Marketed fresh (Ref.9342).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Colaboradores

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 21 November 2016

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: muy comercial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Ocurrencias, apariciones
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Ecología
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componentes alimenticios
consumo de alimento
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Madurez
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Fecundidad
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Length-frequencies
Morfometría
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heritabilidad
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Fuentes de Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Género, Especie | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árbol de la vida | Wikipedia: Go, búsqueda | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Expediente Zoológico

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15.3 - 20.9, mean 20.8 °C (based on 5 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00641 - 0.01792), b=3.04 (2.90 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 3.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Medio, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 1.4-4.4 años (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 60.9 [28.3, 152.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.697 [0.322, 1.552] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [16.6, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.199 [0.102, 0.383] g/100g ; Selenium = 90.5 [42.7, 192.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 23.9 [6.2, 98.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.999 [0.570, 1.742] mg/100g (wet weight);