Ctenopharyngodon idella, Grass carp : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes, 1844)

Grass carp
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Ctenopharyngodon idella
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Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

лучеперые рыбы > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Squaliobarbinae
Etymology: Ctenopharyngodon: Greek, kteis, ktenos = comb + Greek, pharyngx = pharynx + greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  idella: Cteno=comb; pharynx=throat; odon=tooth (in reference to its comblike pharyngeal teeth); and idella: presumably derived from the Greek idios, distinctive or peculiar (Ref. 79012).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range экология

; пресноводный; солоноватоводный демерсальный; мигрирует в реке (Ref. 51243); пределы глубины 0 - 30 m (Ref. 6898).   Subtropical; 0°C - 35°C (Ref. 52059); 50°N - 23°N (Ref. 48)

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

Asia: Eastern China and Russia (Ref. 48) in eastern Siberia, Amur River system (Ref. 1441). Widely transported around the world (Ref. 7248). Persists only in Europe by stocking (Ref. 59043). Introductions often brought with it the parasitic tapeworm Bothriocephalus opsarichthydis (synonym of B. acheilognathi) (Ref. 12217). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Length at first maturity / Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm ?, range 58 - 79.2 cm
Max length : 150 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 30578); common length : 10.7 cm SL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 35840); наибольший вес (опубликованные данные): 45.0 kg (Ref. 7248); наибольший возраст (опубликованны данные): 21 годы (Ref. 48)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 7-8; колючие лучи анального плавника 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 7 - 11. No barbels. Snout very short, its length less than or equal to eye diameter. Postorbital length more than half head length (Ref. 4967). 18 soft rays for caudal fin (Ref. 40476). Diagnosed from rather similar species Mylopharyngodon piceus by having the following characters: body olive to brassy green above, silvery white to yellow below; body cylindrical; pharyngeal teeth laterally compressed, serrated, with a groove along grinding surface, usually in two rows, 2,5-4,2 (Ref. 59043).

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Adults occur in lakes, ponds, pools and backwaters of large rivers (Ref. 5723), preferring large, slow-flowing or standing water bodies with vegetation. Tolerant of a wide range of temperatures from 0° to 38°C, and salinities to as much as 10 ppt and oxygen levels down to 0.5 ppm. Feed on higher aquatic plants and submerged grasses; takes also detritus, insects and other invertebrates. One of the world's most important aquaculture species and also used for weed control in rivers, fish ponds and reservoirs (Ref. 9987). Spawn on riverbeds with very strong current (Ref. 30578). Utilized also fresh and eaten steamed, pan-fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9987). Considered as a pest in most countries because of the damages made to submerged vegetation (Ref. 43281).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Spawns in gravel bottomed areas of rivers (Ref. 48). Eggs are pelagic and hatch while drifting downstream in 2-3 days (Ref. 59043).

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор | соавторы

Shireman, J.V. and C.R. Smith, 1983. Synopsis of biological data on the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1884). FAO Fish. Synop. No.135, 86 p. (Ref. 48)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Potential pest





Использование человеком

рыболовство: не имеет хозяйственного значения; аквакультура (рыбоводство): коммерческий; объект спортивного рыболовства: да
FAO(аквакультура (рыбоводство): production, Видовой профиль; рыболовство: production; publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.01040 - 0.01750), b=2.98 (2.90 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
устойчивость к внешним воздействиям (Ref. 120179):  низкий, минимальное время удвоения популяции 4.5-14 лет (K=0.13-0.19; tm=2-10; tmax=21; Fec=50,000).
Уязвимость (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .
Категория цены (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.