Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae
(Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335); kolaensis: Named for its type locaity, theKola Island.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Kola Island in Aru Islands, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 110723); 6.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 4 - 6;
soft rays: 18 - 21. Melanotaenia kolaensis is distinguished by the following combination of characters: IV-VI-I,12-13 dorsal-fin rays; I,18-21 anal-fin rays; 13-14 (most frequently13) pectoral-fin rays; 33-34 (rarely 34) scales on lateral line, 14-16 predorsal scales; 17-23 cheek scales; 16-18 total gill rakers on first arch; greatest body depth of adult male 36.2 % SL; colour in life generally light blue to blue-green on back; dark blue midlateral stripe (1-2 scales wide), especially conspicuous on posterior third of body, edged below with prominent white to pale blue stripe that occupies lowermost part of caudal peduncle, extending forward to middle of sides; ventral portion of body greyish-white to pale blue except pair of dark blue, irregular stripes often present above anal fin and large, bright blue patch just behind and below pectoral-fin base; second dorsal, anal and caudal fins with reddish suffusion (Ref. 110723).
The type locality is located about 11 km upstream from the sea with the main river making a gradual transition from a broad, mangrove-lined tidal stream with brackish conditions to an exceptionally narrow and steep-walled, limestone channel in woodland habitat with pure fresh water. This species was found nearly 100 m beyond the navigable (via small outboard boat) limit of the stream (Ref. 110723).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., R.K. Hadiaty, P.J. Unmack and M.V. Erdmann, 2015. Rainbowfishes (Melanotaenia: Melanotaeniidae) of the Aru Islands, Indonesia with descriptions of five new species and redescription of M. patoti Weber and M. senckenbergianus Weber. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 21(2):66-108. (Ref. 110723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .