分類 / Names
俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(屬, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) 鱸形目 (Various families in series Eupercaria)
(Wrasses) 隆頭魚科 (Wrasses)
Etymology: Macropharyngodon: Greek, makros = great + Greek, pharyngx = pharynx + Greek,odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); pakoko: Named for the famous Marquesan warrior Pakoko, last chieftain who led the Marquesan resistance to the French during his time (died in 1984); noun in apposition..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海洋 礁區魚類; 非遷移的; 深度上下限 - 42 m (Ref. 97238), usually - m (Ref. ). ; 7°S - 11°S, 138°W - 141°W (Ref. 97238)
French Polynesia, Marquesas Is.
大小 / 重量 / 年齡
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.2 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 97238); 6.0 cm SL (female)
型態特徵 | 形態測量圖
背棘 (總數): 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 11; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 11. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D IX,11; A III,11; pectoral rays 12 (plus upper rudimentary ray); 2-3 pores on anterior lateral-line scales;17 (15-17) gill rakers. Colour pattern of females: no black spot on chest at base of gill openings; widely-spaced spots on body, especially on head; small bright yellow spots in vertical row on caudal fin; pale pelvic fins with 3 cross-bands (reddish orange to yellow); along the base of anal fin are small reddish spots. Colour pattern of males: green head and body with scales having a dark purplish brown bar, those laterally and ventrally on body with bar preceded by a blue line; curved black humeral blotch outline with iridescent blue followed by a broad and irregular longitudinal band of a dark yellow-orange network superimposed over and adjacent to the bar pattern on scales; head with an anastomosing pattern of red bands edged with dark purple and iridescent blue; cheek with an inverted irregular 'U'-shaped band; upper base of pectoral fin with a small black spot; dorsal and anal fins reddish with blue-ringed green spots with black border and some spots are merging and forming vertical reticulations; caudal fin has reddish reticulations around greenish yellow spots with black borders, the distal margin has a broad red band followed by a black outline then whitish tips on ray; pelvic fin translucent or colored, outermost rays faintly reddish yellow with innermost rays translucent. Colour of juveniles: few irregular black blotches on body with irregular red bars on anal fin broadly joined distally with yellow; a small black spot instead of an ocellus posteriorly on the dorsal fin and no large back spots and ocellus on the anal fin (Ref. 97238).
Collected by hand nets and rotenone (Ref. 97238).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | 卵 | 孕卵數 | 仔魚
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Delrieu-Trottin, E,, J.T. Williams and S. Planes, 2014. Macropharyngodon pakoko, a new species of wrasse (Teleostei: Labridae) endemic to the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. Zootaxa 3857(3):433-443. (Ref. 97238)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.聲音神經毒速度泳型鰓區Otoliths腦重體重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00468 - 0.02039), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
營養階層 (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .