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Cyprinodon brontotheroides Martin & Wainwright, 2013

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Cyprinodon brontotheroides
Picture by Terceira, A.C.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae (Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: Cyprinodon: Latin, cyprinus = carp + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  brontotheroides: Name denotes the resemblance of the unique protruding nasal region in this species to the bizarre horn-like skull appendages of the extinct odd-toed ungulate family Brontotheriidae.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; swasser benthopelagisch.   Tropical

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Central America: restricted to six hypersaline lakes on San Salvador Island, Bahamas: Crescent Pond, Osprey Lake, Oyster Lake, Little Lake, Wild Dilly Pond and Moon Rock Pond.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.6 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 94405)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 11-12; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 11 - 12. Distinguished from two other Cyprinodon species on San Salvador Island by the following characters: anterior process of the maxillary head extends up to or beyond the most anterior point on the dentigerous arm of the premaxilla with oral jaws retracted (vs. most anterior point on the maxillary head is always posterior to the most anterior point on the dentigerous arm of the premaxilla in C. variegatus and C. desquamator); externally, this skeletal extension presents as a fleshy protuberance nearly encasing the upper jaw when retracted (vs. lacking any fleshy protuberance surrounding the maxillary head in C. variegatus and C. desquamatory); paired nasal bones are not enlarged, but form a more acute angle (approximately 120") with the dorsal margin of the neurocranium (vs. approximately 180" in C. variegatus and C. desquamatory); with either pale or complete absence of banding along the body in both sexes and shortened lower jaws jaws relative to C. variegates and C. desquamator, which always show dark banding along the body and either typical jaw length for the genus or enlarged jaws, respectively (Ref. 94405).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Inhabits six hypersaline lakes (Crescent Pond, Osprey Lake, Oyster Lake, Little Lake, Wild Dilly Pond and Moon Rock Pond). Sympatric with Cyprinodon variegatus in all six lakes and with C. desquamator in four of the six lakes (except Wild Dilly Pond and Moon Rock Pond). Feeds on gastropods and ostracods. Spawning occurs in spring and summer seasons, but may be more more common in the spring. Breeding territories are guared by males (Ref. 94405).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Partner

Martin, C.H. and P.C. Wainright, 2013. A remarkable species flock of Cyprinodon pupfishes endemic to San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 54(2):231-240. (Ref. 94405)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Internet Quellen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00486 - 0.02360), b=3.22 (3.04 - 3.40), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .