分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(属, 种) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pseudochromidae
(Dottybacks) > Pseudochrominae
Etymology: Pseudochromis: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); matahari: The specific epithet is from the Indonesian for sun, and alludes to the sunburst-like live coloration. To be treated as a noun in apposition (Ref. 80681) More on authors: Gill, Erdmann & Allen.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海洋 底中水层性; 深度上下限 - m (Ref. ), usually 32 - 45 m (Ref. 80681). ; 2°N - 1°N, 127°E - 128°E
国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri
Indonesia: Halmahera. Known only from the type locality of North Tanjung Bobo (Ref. 80681). Also Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, Indonesia (Ref. 90102).
大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 80681)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
背棘 (总数): 3; 背的软条 (总数): 26; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 16. Distinguished from all other pseudochromines by the following characters: dorsal-fin rays III,26; anal-fin rays III,16; anal-fin spines moderately slender and weakly pungent, the second spine only slightly stouter than the third; lower lip weakly interrupted at symphysis; and circumpeduncular scales 16. It also has a distinctive live coloration: head orange-brown, becoming bright yellow on lower part of operculum; posterior and ventral part of orbital rim bright yellow, edged posteriorly and ventrally by purple-blue arc; scales of cheek indistinctly edged with mauve; body orange-brown, darker on scale-edges, becoming bright yellow on breast and pectoral-fin base, bright red on abdomen and above anterior anal fin, then dark purplish red on caudal peduncle; dorsal fin golden to orange-brown anteriorly, becoming reddish brown posteriorly, with reddish brown distal margin; 1-3 rows of short, dark reddish brown streaks on middle of soft portion of fin; anal fin dark reddish brown, becoming golden brown over spinous portion of fin, with grey distal margin; caudal fin dark reddish grey basally, abruptly greyish hyaline on distal third of fin, with grey distal margin (Ref. 80681).
Solitary under large Xestospongia barrel sponges on gradual, current-swept reef slopes in 32-45 m, sometimes in pairs (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Gill, A.C., M.V. Erdmann and G.R. Allen, 2009. Pseudochromis matahari, a new species of dottyback (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae) from Halmahera, Indonesia. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 15(1):45-48. (Ref. 80681)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00190 - 0.01264), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .