Pseudochromis matahari, Sunburst Dottyback

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Pseudochromis matahari Gill, Erdmann & Allen, 2009

Sunburst Dottyback
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Pseudochromis matahari
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Ovalentaria/misc (Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pseudochromidae (Dottybacks) > Pseudochrominae
Etymology: Pseudochromis: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  matahari: The specific epithet is from the Indonesian for sun, and alludes to the sunburst-like live coloration. To be treated as a noun in apposition (Ref. 80681)  More on authors: Gill, Erdmann & Allen.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien benthopelagisch; diepteverspreiding - m (Ref. ), usually 32 - 45 m (Ref. 80681).   Tropical; 0°C - ; 2°N - 1°N, 127°E - 128°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indonesia: Halmahera. Known only from the type locality of North Tanjung Bobo (Ref. 80681). Also Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, Indonesia (Ref. 90102).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 80681)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 3; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 26; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 16. Distinguished from all other pseudochromines by the following characters: dorsal-fin rays III,26; anal-fin rays III,16; anal-fin spines moderately slender and weakly pungent, the second spine only slightly stouter than the third; lower lip weakly interrupted at symphysis; and circumpeduncular scales 16. It also has a distinctive live coloration: head orange-brown, becoming bright yellow on lower part of operculum; posterior and ventral part of orbital rim bright yellow, edged posteriorly and ventrally by purple-blue arc; scales of cheek indistinctly edged with mauve; body orange-brown, darker on scale-edges, becoming bright yellow on breast and pectoral-fin base, bright red on abdomen and above anterior anal fin, then dark purplish red on caudal peduncle; dorsal fin golden to orange-brown anteriorly, becoming reddish brown posteriorly, with reddish brown distal margin; 1-3 rows of short, dark reddish brown streaks on middle of soft portion of fin; anal fin dark reddish brown, becoming golden brown over spinous portion of fin, with grey distal margin; caudal fin dark reddish grey basally, abruptly greyish hyaline on distal third of fin, with grey distal margin (Ref. 80681).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Solitary under large Xestospongia barrel sponges on gradual, current-swept reef slopes in 32-45 m, sometimes in pairs (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Gill, A.C., M.V. Erdmann and G.R. Allen, 2009. Pseudochromis matahari, a new species of dottyback (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae) from Halmahera, Indonesia. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 15(1):45-48. (Ref. 80681)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00190 - 0.01264), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .