Pseudochromis matahari, Sunburst Dottyback

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Pseudochromis matahari Gill, Erdmann & Allen, 2009

Sunburst Dottyback
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Pseudochromis matahari
Picture by Allen, G.R.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Ovalentaria/misc (Various families in series Ovalentaria) 鱸形目 (Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pseudochromidae (Dottybacks) 擬雀鯛科 (Dottybacks) > Pseudochrominae
Etymology: Pseudochromis: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  matahari: The specific epithet is from the Indonesian for sun, and alludes to the sunburst-like live coloration. To be treated as a noun in apposition (Ref. 80681).  More on authors: Gill, Erdmann & Allen.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 底中水層性, usually 32 - 45 m (Ref. 80681).    ; 2°N - 1°N, 127°E - 128°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indonesia: Halmahera. Known only from the type locality of North Tanjung Bobo (Ref. 80681). Also Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, Indonesia (Ref. 90102).

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 80681)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 3; 背的軟條 (總數): 26; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 16. Distinguished from all other pseudochromines by the following characters: dorsal-fin rays III,26; anal-fin rays III,16; anal-fin spines moderately slender and weakly pungent, the second spine only slightly stouter than the third; lower lip weakly interrupted at symphysis; and circumpeduncular scales 16. It also has a distinctive live coloration: head orange-brown, becoming bright yellow on lower part of operculum; posterior and ventral part of orbital rim bright yellow, edged posteriorly and ventrally by purple-blue arc; scales of cheek indistinctly edged with mauve; body orange-brown, darker on scale-edges, becoming bright yellow on breast and pectoral-fin base, bright red on abdomen and above anterior anal fin, then dark purplish red on caudal peduncle; dorsal fin golden to orange-brown anteriorly, becoming reddish brown posteriorly, with reddish brown distal margin; 1-3 rows of short, dark reddish brown streaks on middle of soft portion of fin; anal fin dark reddish brown, becoming golden brown over spinous portion of fin, with grey distal margin; caudal fin dark reddish grey basally, abruptly greyish hyaline on distal third of fin, with grey distal margin (Ref. 80681).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Solitary under large Xestospongia barrel sponges on gradual, current-swept reef slopes in 32-45 m, sometimes in pairs (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Gill, A.C., M.V. Erdmann and G.R. Allen, 2009. Pseudochromis matahari, a new species of dottyback (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae) from Halmahera, Indonesia. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 15(1):45-48. (Ref. 80681)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00191 - 0.01317), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 ().
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .