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Hippocampus satomiae  Lourie & Kuiter, 2008

Satomi's pygmy seahorse
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Hippocampus satomiae
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335);  satomiae: This species is named in honour of Miss Satomi Onishi, the dive guide who collected the type specimens.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 底生の漂泳性; 移住性ではない; 深さの範囲 5 - 20 m (Ref. 79848).   Tropical

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

South East Asia: Indonesia. Known from scattered localities, including Derawan (type locality), and Lembeh Strait (northern Sulawesi), as well as northern Borneo, Malaysia (Ref. 79848).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.4 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 79848); 1.3 cm SL (female)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背鰭 (合計): 13. Extremely small size (height 11 mm, standard length 14 mm); 12 trunk rings; 27–28 tail rings; reduced ossification of inferior and ventral trunk ridges; 13 dorsal fin rays; 9 pectoral fin rays; small or absent anal fin; brooding area in males anterior to anus; well–developed spine on snout between eyes; distinct raised coronet with laterally expanded anterior and posterior flanges ('H–shaped' when viewed from above); snout without a bulbous tip; single gill opening on midline directly behind coronet supported by raised cleithral bone; large spines above eyes (double), laterally on head, on shoulder (cleithral) ring, bordering throat, and on superior trunk ridge (especially well–developed on TrR1–2,5,8 and 12 and TaR4,8,11,14); spines also present on lateral and ventral angles between trunk ridges and rings; spines on superior ridge of first and second trunk rings appear externally as if they are fused (Ref. 79848).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Hippocampus satomiae congregates at night in groups of 3–5 individuals on small seafans, at depths of 15–20 m depth on the bottom below reef overhangs. During the day H. satomiae are difficult to find, even in areas where they are known to occur. At dawn individuals become active. At birth, the young are jet–black, about 3 mm in height and shaped similarly to the adults. They settle on the bottom near to their place of birth (Onishi, pers. comm.). The holotype, collected in October, was pregnant and carrying approximately eight young (Ref. 79848).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Lourie, S.A. and R.H. Kuiter, 2008. Three new pygmy seahorse species from Indonesia (Teleostei: Syngnathidae: Hippocampus). Zootaxa 1963:54-68. (Ref. 79848)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless




Human uses

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 28.3 - 29.3, mean 28.8 (based on 771 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00165 - 0.01101), b=3.00 (2.77 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  高い, 15か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .