Parapercis natator

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Parapercis natator Randall, Senou & Yoshino, 2008

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Parapercis natator
Female picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae (Sandperches)
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335);  natator: Name from Latin word meaning swimmer, refers to its habit of swimming in small aggregations above the bottom.  More on authors: Randall, Senou & Yoshino.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino benthopelagico; distribuzione batimetrica 0 - 45 m (Ref. 75205).   Temperate

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Japan.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.9 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 75205)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 5 - 6; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 22; Spine anali 1; Raggi anali molli: 18; Vertebre: 30. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D V, 22 (one with VI); A I, 18; pectoral-fin rays 17 or 18 (usually 17); lateral-line scales 59-61; median predorsal scales 10-11; gill rakers 3-5+10-13; projecting lower jaw; canine teeth 3 pairs anteriorly in lower jaw; palatine teeth absent; vomer has a row of 10-14 small conical teeth; body scales finely ctenoid, becoming cycloid ventrally on abdomen, prepelvic area, nape, and below spinous portion of dorsal fin; above posterior margin of preopercle at level of dorsal edge of orbit is an isolated round patch of small cycloid scales; opercle and cheek with small, cycloid and partially embedded scales; preopercle with smooth margin; body depth 5.0-6.1 in SL; head length 3.3-3.6 in SL; snout length 3.65-4.5 in HL; orbit diameter 3.1-3.4 in HL; very broad interorbital space, 3.35-4.4 in HL; third or fourth dorsal spine longest, 3.25-3.65 in HL; caudal fin in females emarginate, in males lunate; pectoral fins slightly emarginate, 4.2-4.7 in SL; pelvic fins reaching or slightly extending posterior to origin of anal fin, 3.8-4.75 in SL. Preserved color of males pale yellowish with a slightly oblique, broad, purplish gray bar anteriorly on body, bordered by a pale bar and a narrow purplish gray bar; in females pale yellowish; base of membranes of spinous portion of dorsal fin dark brown. Color in life of males red to violet-red dorsally, grading to lavender-pink ventrally, a yellow bar beneath anterior fourth of soft portion of dorsal fin, bordered by a pale-edged bright red bar; spinous portion of dorsal fin orange-red, many yellow spots on the soft portion; caudal fin with deep red lobes; axil of pectoral fins with a bright red spot at the base and; in females light red dorsally on body with 10 darker red bars on about upper one-fourth that are narrower posteriorly; 14 orangish pink bars of unequal width on lower side of body; spinous portion of dorsal fin is bright orange-red, deep red to blackish at base except last membrane white; soft portion of dorsal fin with numerous red spots; caudal fin lobes red; base and axil of pectoral fins in a bright red spot bordered by white; juveniles has a narrow orange stripe, bordered by white, from behind eye to upper base of caudal fin, the anterior third showing paler lateral line; ventral half of body pink; spinous portion of dorsal fin red with a black spot near base of membranes, except white first and last membranes; soft portion of fin translucent with many dark reddish brown spots (Ref. 75205).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

This species is reported to be an active swimmer and occur in a small aggregation hovering a short distance above the substratum. About 6 individuals were observed to swim only 10-20 cm above the bottom and held their body at an angle with the head end upward. The type specimens were collected from the depth range of 15-45 m (Ref. 75205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Ho, Hsuan-Ching | Collaboratori

Randall, J.E., H. Senou and T. Yoshino, 2008. Three new pinguipedid fishes of the genus Parapercis from Japan. Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. A. Suppl. 2:69-84. (Ref. 75205)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Fonti Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, ricerca) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00289 - 0.01442), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Alto, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione meno di 15 mesi (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .