Ituglanis mambai

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Ituglanis mambai Bichuette & Trajano 2008

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Ituglanis mambai
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Siluriformes (Catfish) 鯰形目 (Catfish) > Trichomycteridae (Pencil or parasitic catfishes) 毛鼻鯰科 (Pencil or parasitic catfishes) > Trichomycterinae
Etymology: Ituglanis: Greek, itys, ityos = circle + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335);  mambai: Named for the karst region, Mambaí, where the species occurs.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性; pH range: 7.9 - ?.    23°C - ?

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

South America: single subterranean stream inside the Lapa do Sumidouro Cave in Brazil.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 75008)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背的軟條 (總數): 9; 臀鰭軟條: 6; 脊椎骨: 37 - 38. Can be differentiated from both epigean and cave congeners by the combination of the following features: absence of posterior fontanel (except for Ituglanis epikarsticus and Ituglanis macunaima; usually i7 pectoral-fin rays (except for Ituglanis bambui, Ituglanis passensis and Ituglanis epikarsticus; 6 pleural ribs (except for Ituglanis bambui, Ituglanis parahybae and Ituglanis ramiroi; total vertebrae 37-38 behind Weberian apparatus (except for Ituglanis bambui. Ituglanis laticeps and Ituglanis macunaima; predorsal length 65.1-70.8% in SL (except for Ituglanis bambui); caudal peduncle length 8.4-11.9% in SL; dorsal-fin base length 7.7-11.3% in SL; interobital width 29.2-36.5% in HL (except for the cave species); mouth width 43.4-64.0% in HL (except for Ituglanis bambui; pigmentation intermediary between epigean and cave Ituglanis species, composed by irregular light brown spots along the body; variable size of eyes and intermediate between those of epigean and formerly described cave-restricted congeners, with diameter in adults ranging from 0.5-1.0 mm (7.8-10.0% in HL) (except for Ituglanis cahyensis. Other diagnostic characters include presence of discrete medial-posterior projection on the maxillae; fronto-lacrimal one half-length of the maxillae and pointed backwards; posterior process of palatine half its length, with a tenuous medial concavity; 14 dorsal and 12 ventral procurrent rays (Ref. 75008).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in subterranean stream inside the cave with slow to fast-moving-waters, 10-90 cm deep on average, and bottom composed basically of sand, silt, some gravels and boulders. Occurs solitarily with swimming activity on the bottom and sometimes in the midwater. Exhibits cryptobiotic habits, hiding intro the gravels and under boulders when disturbed, and showing a negative response to carbide and flashlight. Prefers slow-moving pools (Ref. 75008).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Pinna, Mário de | 合作者

Bichuette, M.E. and E. Trajano, 2008. Ituglanis mambai, a new subterranean catfish from a karst area of Central Brazil, rio Tocantins basin (Siluriformes: Trichomysteridae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(1):9-15. (Ref. 75008)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00199 - 0.01208), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 ().
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .