Squalus nasutus, Western longnose spurdog

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Squalus nasutus Last, Marshall & White, 2007

Western longnose spurdog
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Squalus nasutus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Squalus nasutus (Western longnose spurdog)
Squalus nasutus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae (Dogfish sharks)
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436);  nasutus: Name from Latin 'nasutus' meaning large-nosed, referring to its elongated prenarial snout.  More on authors: Last, Marshall & White.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 深度上下限 300 - 850 m (Ref. 58443), usually 300 - 400 m (Ref. 58443).   

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Probably extending to Westerm Pacific, the Philippines and Indonesia.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 46 - ? cm
Max length : 49.9 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 58443); 59.0 cm TL (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

This small species of the ‘japonicus group’ has the following set of characters: very elongate body, depth 9.4-11.4% TL; narrow and long snout, preoral length 1.85-2.01 times its horizontal prenarial length, 11.1-11.7% TL; large eyes, 4.3-5.1% TL; secondary lobe of anterior nasal flap is well developed; small, raked dorsal fins; first dorsal-fin spine short, weak; second dorsal-fin spine short with strong base; pectoral fin of adult not falcate; pectoral-fin inner margin is short, 6.6-7.1% TL; caudal bar almost upright, short, broad, extending from the caudal fork to the posterior margin of the upper lobe for 0.4-0.5 of its length, upper caudal blotch is somewhat linear, and is located near the dorsal margin of fin lobe; flank denticles weakly tricuspidate; monospondylous centra 36-39, precaudal centra 78-81, total centra 103-109 (Ref. 58443).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs on or near the bottom of the upper continental slope at 298-850 m; viviparous with yolk-sac dependency; no reproductive and diet data are available, however, it is presumed that the species feeds on small fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans (Ref. 58048). Trawled mainly in 300-400 m (Ref. 58443). Marketed for its meat, fins, and liver oil which is of high value (Ref. 58048).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

Last, P.R., L.J. Marshall and W.T. White, 2007. Squalus nasutus sp. Nov., a new long-snout spurdog of the 'japonicus-group' from the Inidan Ocean. pp. 83-90. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea:Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 pp. (Ref. 58443)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  数据缺失 (DD) ; Date assessed: 30 April 2003

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 





人类利用

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.9 - 13.1, mean 10.8 (based on 56 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00153 - 0.00716), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .