Squalus altipinnis, Western highfin spurdog

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Squalus altipinnis Last, White & Stevens, 2007

Western highfin spurdog
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drawing shows typical species in Squalidae.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鰓亞綱 (鯊魚與魟魚) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) 角鯊目 (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae (Dogfish sharks) 棘鮫科 (Dogfish sharks)
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436);  altipinnis: Name from Latin 'altus' for high and 'pinna' for fin, referring to the upright dorsal fin, typical of members in this 'highfin megalops group'.  More on authors: Last, White & Stevens.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 深度上下限 ? - 305 m (Ref. 58440).   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: off NW Australia.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 58.9 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 58440)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

This species of the 'highfin megalops group' is distinguished by the following set of characters: abdomen depth 9.0-10.6% TL; pre-vent length 48.6-49.2% TL, about 2.5 times dorsal caudal margin; pre-second dorsal length 4.3-4.4 times pectoral-fin anterior margin, about 3.1 times dorsal caudal margin; head width about 1.5 times abdomen width; preoral length 2.9-3.2 times horizontal prenarial length, about 8.7% TL; head length 4.4-4.7 times eye length; mouth width 3.1-3.3 times length of upper labial furrow; interorbital width about 1.5 times horizontal preorbital length; fifth gill slit height 2.2-2.5% TL; strongly bifurcated anterior nasal flap; first dorsal fin upright, upper posterior margin directed posteroventrally, greatest concavity slightly closer to free rear tip than fin apex; posterior margin of second dorsal fin deeply concave; second dorsal-fin spine with a broad base; pectoral fin not falcate, anterior margin short, 13.9-14.1% TL; dorsal surface slightly darker than ventral surface, but tones not sharply demarcated on side of head; dorsal fins pale with paler tips; first dorsal-fin spine darker than base of soft portion of dorsal fin; caudal fin has a broad white posterior margin, caudal bar absent; flank denticles are weakly to moderately tricuspid; monospondylous centra 42-44, precaudal centra 88-92, total centra 114-120 (Ref. 58440).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)


Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

Last, P.R., W.T. White and J.D. Stevens, 2007. New species of Squalus of the 'highfin megalops group' from the Australasian region. p. 39-53. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea:Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 p. (Ref. 58440)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  資料不足 (DD) ; Date assessed: 02 August 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00157 - 0.00730), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100) .