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Mustelus antarcticus Günther, 1870

Gummy shark
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Mustelus antarcticus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Mustelus antarcticus
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) 白眼鮫目 (Ground sharks) > Triakidae (Houndsharks) 平滑鮫科 (Houndsharks) > Triakinae
Etymology: Mustelus: Latin, mustela, -ae = weasel (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 350 m (Ref. 6871), usually ? - 80 m (Ref. 6871).   亞熱帶的; 28°S - 44°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to southern Australia, from Western Australia through Bass Strait to Tasmania and northern New South Wales. Possibly extends northward to southern Queensland and Shark Bay in Western Australia. Confused with another undescribed species whose southern distribution extends to Dampier (20°40'S) (possibly Shark Bay) in the west and Bowen (20°S) (possibly Coffs Harbor) in the east. There is a single stock of gummy sharks in the area, however, regional stock differences might still exist.
東印度洋: 澳洲南部的特有種, 從經過 bass 海峽的西澳大利亞到塔斯梅尼亞與新南威爾斯的北方。 可能地延伸在西澳大利亞向北至昆士蘭南部與鯊魚灣。 與在西部中延伸到丹皮爾 (20 ° 40'S)(可能地鯊魚灣) 而且在東部中延伸到 Bowen(20個 °S)(可能地 Coffs 港灣) 的另一個未描述的種互相混淆了。 有在區域中的黏性鯊魚的分枝, 然而,區域系群不同可能仍然存在。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 114.0, range 85 - 130 cm
Max length : 157 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 244); 175.0 cm TL (female); 最大体重: 30.8 kg (Ref. 40637); 最大年龄: 16 年 (Ref. 6390)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

An inshore and offshore shark found from intertidal waters (Ref. 13563) to a depth of 350 m. Feeds on crustaceans, marine worms and small fishes (Ref. 13563), also cephalopods. Forms schools by sex and size . Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Newborn and juvenile gummy sharks are found in many areas across southern Australia, but no well-defined nursery areas have been identified. These sharks are capable of long migrations, females traveling longer distances than males (Ref. 6390). Utilized fresh for human consumption (Ref. 6871). Maximum length data for female species is taken from Ref. 6390.

一种近岸的与外海鲨鱼从潮间带的水域 (参考文献 13563) 到深度 350 公尺发现。 吃甲壳动物,海洋的蠕虫与小鱼 (参考文献 13563) ,也捕食头足类。 藉着性别与大小形成鱼群。 卵胎生的.(参考文献 50449) 幼生与幼年的黏性鲨鱼被发现于横过澳大利亚南部的许多区域, 但是没有很清晰繁殖场曾经鉴定。 这些鲨鱼能够长距离的回游, 雌性被超过雄性移动更长的距离。 (参考文献 6390) 生鲜使用供人类消费.(参考文献 6871) 最大的长度资料母鱼的种被取自参考文献 6390.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Ovoviviparous but aplacental, with 1 to 38 pups. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Gestation period ranges from 11-12 months. Newborn and juvenile gummy sharks aggregate in many areas across southern Australia but it is not known whether they inhabit defined shallow-water nursery areas. Ovulation takes place in Oct.-Dec. or Nov.- Feb. (WA). Parturition is complete by the following Dec. (Ref. 6390). The sharks are born at 30-35 cm (Ref. 6871).東印度洋: 澳洲南部的特有種, 從經過 bass 海峽的西澳大利亞到塔斯梅尼亞與新南威爾斯的北方。 可能地延伸在西澳大利亞向北至昆士蘭南部與鯊魚灣。 與在西部中延伸到丹皮爾 (20 ° 40'S)(可能地鯊魚灣) 而且在東部中延伸到 Bowen(20個 °S)(可能地 Coffs 港灣) 的另一個未描述的種互相混淆了。 有在區域中的黏性鯊魚的分枝, 然而,區域系群不同可能仍然存在。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 April 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的 (Ref. 13563)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.1 - 19.8, mean 16 (based on 126 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (K=0.04-0.30; tm=4-6.9; tmax=16; Fec=1-38).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.