Thryssa baelama, Baelama anchovy : fisheries, bait

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Thryssa baelama (Forsskål 1775)

Baelama anchovy
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Thryssa baelama   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thryssa baelama (Baelama anchovy)
Thryssa baelama
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡形目 (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) 鯷科 (Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Thryssa: Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 大洋性; 深度上下限 0 - 50 m (Ref. 82332).   熱帶; 31°N - 25°S, 30°E - 172°W (Ref. 189)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: widespread in Indian Ocean, including Red Sea, coasts of East Africa to Madagascar and Mauritius, Sri Lanka and Andaman Islands, but no Indian specimens known (Ref. 189); and in western central Pacific, including Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, northern and eastern coasts of Australia, and eastward to Tonga (Ref. 189). No records are known from South China Sea or to the north, but the Ogasawara, Bonin Islands, record seems reliable (Ref. 189). Its occurrence in Thailand (Ref. 1632) needs confirmation.
印度-太平洋: 紅海到莫三比克 , 馬達加斯加與模里西斯,東至美屬薩摩亞, 北至菲律賓者,加羅林群島與馬里亞納群島。 小笠原群島 (博寧島) 記錄似乎可靠。 沒有印度的標本。 可能出現在波斯灣。 需再確認的在泰國 (參考文獻 1632) 的發生。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 54980); common length : 10.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5450)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 14-16; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 29 - 34. Diagnosis: Body not strongly compressed, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 4-9 pre-pelvic and 7-10 post-pelvic scutes, the pre-pelvic scutes ending below the pectoral fin base or behind it; in total 12-18 keeled scutes; maxilla short, reaching to just beyond front border of pre-operculum, tip pointed; gillrakers 18 to 26 (Ref. 189). It closely resembles Thryssa encrasicholoides, which has 1 or 2 small but armless keeled scutes immediately behind the isthmus, also maxilla tip blunter; other species of Thryssa have a complete series of pre-pelvic scutes from isthmus to pelvic fin base; Stolephorus species lack post-pelvic scutes; and Lycothrissa has canine teeth (Ref. 189).
腹面圓形的以前腹鰭有 4 到 9+7 到 10=12 到 18個有龍骨的鱗甲, 前腹鰭鱗甲在胸鰭基底或在後下面終止它。 顎骨短, 正好延伸到超過前鰓蓋的前緣, 頂端尖的。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Marine, pelagic and presumably schooling (Ref. 189, 1602, 5213), at depths of 0-50m (Ref. 82332). Found mostly inshore in bays, lagoons, harbours, mangrove pools and estuaries, thus apparently able to tolerate lowered salinities (Ref. 189, 30573). It contributes to general clupeoid catches, but no special fishery (Ref. 189). Used as a baitfish in Pacific Ocean (Ref. 189).

大部分發現於近海海灣,潟湖,港灣,紅樹林水池與河口了, 如此顯然地能容忍低鹽度。 棲息於混濁的水域, 形成大群魚群。 (參考文獻 1602) 也使用環狀網捕捉。 (參考文獻 5213) 當作鮪魚誘餌使用。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-太平洋: 紅海到莫三比克 , 馬達加斯加與模里西斯,東至美屬薩摩亞, 北至菲律賓者,加羅林群島與馬里亞納群島。 小笠原群島 (博寧島) 記錄似乎可靠。 沒有印度的標本。 可能出現在波斯灣。 需再確認的在泰國 (參考文獻 1632) 的發生。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 06 March 2017

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟; 誘餌: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.9 - 29.1, mean 28.2 °C (based on 1158 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00359 - 0.01109), b=3.20 (3.05 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.26 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.