Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Haemulon: Greek, haimaleos = bloody (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 37051). Tropical; 3°S - 10°S, 39°W - 34°W
Southwest Atlantic: Brazil, from off Fortaleza to the coast of Maceió.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37051)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Distinguished from all other species of Haemulon by the following combination of characters: a black blotch below the free edge of the preopercle; pectoral fins entirely scaled, except along edge; scale rows below lateral line parallel to long axis of body; lower half of head silvery-white, lacking stripes; fins yellow; body silvery-white with 10-12 yellow stripes, the midlateral the broadest.
Typically occurs in reefs, at depths of 2-30 m where it forms large schools during the day. Smaller schools, with less then 100 individuals, mostly juveniles, are seen on shallow reefs (2-6 m). At night the schools disperse to feed (Ref. 37051).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Rocha, L.A. and I.L. Rosa, 1999. New species of Haemulon (Teleostei: Haemulidae) from the northeastern Brazilian coast. Copeia 1999(2):447-452. (Ref. 37051)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.3 - 27.5, mean 27.5 °C (based on 27 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00683 - 0.03057), b=2.99 (2.82 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .