Himantura uarnak, Honeycomb stingray : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Himantura uarnak (Gmelin, 1789)

Honeycomb stingray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Himantura uarnak   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Himantura uarnak (Honeycomb stingray)
Himantura uarnak
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes(Gênero, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (tubarões e raias) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: Himantura: Greek, iman, imantos = thong, strap + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Gmelin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; estuarina associadas(os) a recifes; anfdromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 20 - 50 m (Ref. 28016).   Subtropical; 23°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468); 38°N - 37°S, 34°E - 149°W

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref.80050); Red Sea (and eastern Mediterranean via Suez Canal) to southern Africa and French Polynesia, north to Taiwan, south to Australia. Also in the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Collected from the estuary of the River Ganges (Ref. 33178). This name has been used for a number of similar spotted species (Ref. 6871). Probably a species complex (Ref. 35766). Its identity has been confused in many publications and Micronesian specimens should be re-examined (Ref. 37816).

Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?, range 82 - 84 cm
Max length : 200 cm WD macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 3263); common length : 45.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 5450); peso máx. publicado: 120.0 kg (Ref. 3263)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Raios dorsais (total): 0; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais : 0. Huge stingray with conspicuous dark spots on a light brown disc; spots well-spaced in young but crowded to form reticulated pattern in adult; white ventrally; tail marked with bands of black and white; snout sharply pointed; disc with narrowly rounded outer corners, and tail long, slender and nearly three times body length when intact, with no caudal finfolds; disc without thorns but with band of flat denticles along midback (in adults); usually 1 medium-sized sting on tail (Ref. 5578).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Common off sandy beaches and in shallow estuaries and lagoons; also found in sandy areas of coral reefs (Ref. 9710). Also offshore down to 50 m depth (Ref. 5578). May enter fresh water (Ref. 5578). Feeds on small fishes, bivalves, crabs, shrimps, worms (Ref. 3263) and jellyfishes (Ref. 37816). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Common catch of the demersal tangle net, bottom trawl, longline and beach seine fisheries (Ref.58048). Popular angling fish (Ref. 3263). Not esteemed as a food fish (Ref. 3263). Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166). Tail is used as It is parasitised by the monogeneans Dendromonocotyle colorni and Dendromonocotyle ukuthena on the dorsal skin surface (Ref. 124058).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Bears 3 to 5 young in the summer (Ref. 5578). Size at birth about 21 (Ref.58048) - 28 cm WD (Ref. 6871).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : McEachran, John | Colaboradores

Fricke, R., 1999. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31:759 p. (Ref. 33390)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 123251)

  Vulnerável, ver Livro Vermelho da UICN (VU) (A2bd); Date assessed: 20 February 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Venomous (Ref. 27550)





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: espcies comerciais; peixe esportivo: sim; Aquário: Espécies comerciais
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Nomes comuns
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Metabolismo
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.2 - 28.6, mean 27.8 °C (based on 334 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00840 - 0.03434), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Muito baixo(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população maior que 14 anos (Fec=3-5).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 8.65 [1.17, 52.23] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.732 [0.122, 2.848] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.2 [18.4, 23.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.248 [0.070, 0.829] g/100g ; Selenium = 16.8 [3.1, 74.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 20.2 [3.3, 121.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.679 [0.168, 2.818] mg/100g (wet weight);