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Scophthalmus rhombus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Brill
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Scophthalmus rhombus
Female picture by Giragosov, V.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Scophthalmidae (Turbots)
Etymology: Scophthalmus: Greek, skopelos = a lantern fish + Greek, ophthalmos = eyes (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser demersal; ozeanodrom (Ref. 51243); tiefenbereich 5 - 50 m (Ref. 6302).   Temperate; 68°N - 30°N, 25°W - 42°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: 68°N to Morocco. Reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462). Also known throughout the Mediterranean and Black Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - 41 cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 35388); common length : 30.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3397); max. veröff. Gewicht: 8.0 kg (Ref. 35388); max. veröff. Alter: 6 Jahre (Ref. 38118)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Thinner and more slender body. Skin with small, smooth scales, without bony tubercle. Able to change color of the eyed side, matching the bottom they rest on. Color is often olive green, with dark and light spots (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Lives on sandy or mixed bottoms; feeds on bottom-living fishes and larger crustaceans. Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless




Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Aquakultur: production; Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

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Ablaichen
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Laute
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Geschwindigkeit
Schwimmstil
Kiemenoberfläche
Otoliths
Gehirngröße
Sehfähigkeit

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.4 - 19.5, mean 11.2 (based on 472 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5645   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00877 - 0.01370), b=3.01 (2.94 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (tm=-5; tmax=6).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.